SeasonWatch Species


  • White Babool
    Acacia leucophloea
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    Species Information of White Babool

    White Babool

    Scientific Name : Acacia leucophloea

    Common Name :White Babool

    Hindi Name :रौंझ्, सफेद बबूल

    Kannada Name :Nayibela

    Tamil Name :வெள்வேலம்

    Malyalam Name :velvelam

    This tree is 5 to 20 m high with a dense spheric crown, stems and branches usually dark to black coloured, fissured bark, grey-pinkish slash, exuding a reddish low quality gum.

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  • Babool
    Acacia nilotica
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    Species Information of Babool

    Babool

    Scientific Name : Acacia nilotica

    Common Name :Babool

    Hindi Name :बबूल, कीकर

    Kannada Name :Babli

    Tamil Name :கருவேலம்

    Malyalam Name :Karuvelum

    Thin, straight, light grey spines present in axillary pairs, usually 3-12 pairs, 5-7.5 cm long in young trees, and mature trees commonly without thorns.

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  • Himalayan Maple
    Acer sterculiaceum
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    Species Information of Himalayan Maple

    Himalayan Maple

    Scientific Name : Acer sterculiaceum

    Common Name :Himalayan Maple

    Hindi Name :बबूल, कीकर

    Kannada Name :Babli

    Tamil Name :கருவேலம்

    Malyalam Name :Karuvelum

    Acer sterculiaceum is a species of maple tree in the sandalwood family.It is a tree up to 20 meters tall with dark gray or grayish-brown bark. Leaves are palmately lobed, usually with 3 or 5 lobes but occasionally 7. Leaves are up to 20 cm long, thick and a bit leathery, dark green and hairless on the top, lighter green and woolly on the underside.

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  • Wood Apple
    Aegle marmelos
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    Species Information of Wood Apple

    Wood Apple

    Scientific Name : Aegle marmelos

    Common Name :Wood Apple

    Hindi Name :बेल

    Kannada Name :Bilvapatre

    Tamil Name :வில்வம்

    Malyalam Name :Koovalam

    This is a very useful tree for various reasons. The tree is sacred to Hindus and the leaves are used in Shiva temples. Various parts of the tree are used for their tonic and antibiotic properties to cure a large range of ailments. The sweet pulp of the fruit is drunk as a refreshing sherbet. The leaves are used as fodder and the wood was used to create agricultural implements.

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  • Indian Horsechestnut
    Aesculus indica
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    Species Information of Indian Horsechestnut

    Indian Horsechestnut

    Scientific Name : Aesculus indica

    Common Name :Indian Horsechestnut

    Hindi Name :बनखोर, कनोर

    Kannada Name :Kanor, Kanur

    Tamil Name :

    Malyalam Name :

    Native to the Himalayas, Indian Horse Chestnut is a tall, deciduous, spreading, shady tree, with a straight trunk, and branches in whorls. Its average height is 22 m; the girth of its trunk is about 1 m; its bark peels off upwards in narrow strips. The young shoots are minutely velvety, becoming hairless at maturity. The glossy leaves typically have seven leaflets arising from the same point on rather reddish stalks. The leaves are highly ornamental, and look like tiny umbrellas. The tree sheds its leaves during winter and the new growth starts in the last week of March. In April, the tree produces upright spikes of buds, and in May-June, the tree is decorated with upright panicles of white blooms. The panicles are about 40 cm long, containing over 300 flowers. These blooms are followed by the production of a spiny, green fruit which holds several brown seeds. Flowering: May-June.

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  • Tree of Heaven
    Ailanthus excelsa
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    Species Information of Tree of Heaven

    Tree of Heaven

    Scientific Name : Ailanthus excelsa

    Common Name :Tree of Heaven

    Hindi Name :महानिंब, महारुख़

    Kannada Name :Doddamara

    Tamil Name :பெருமரம்

    Malyalam Name :Mattipongilyam

    Indian Tree of Heaven is a large deciduous tree, 18-25 m tall; trunk straight, 60-80 cm in diameter; bark light grey and smooth, becoming grey-brown and rough on large trees, aromatic, slightly bitter. Leaves alternate, pinnately compound, large, 30-60 cm or more in length; leaflets 8-14 or more pairs, long stalked, ovate or broadly lance shaped from very unequal base, 6-10 cm long, 3-5 cm wide, often curved, long pointed, hairy gland; edges coarsely toothed and often lobed. Flower clusters droop at leaf bases, shorter than leaves, much branched; flowers many, mostly male and female on different trees, short stalked, greenish-yellow. Five sepals, 5 narrow petals spreading 6 mm across. Fruit a 1-seeded samara, lance shaped, flat, pointed at ends, 5 cm long, 1 cm wide, copper red, strongly veined, twisted at the base The genus name Ailanthus comes from ailanthos (tree of heaven), the Indonesian name for Ailanthus moluccana. Flowering: January-March

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  • Krishna Siris
    Albizia amara
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    Species Information of Krishna Siris

    Krishna Siris

    Scientific Name : Albizia amara

    Common Name :Krishna Siris

    Hindi Name :कृष्ण सिरिस,ललाई

    Kannada Name :Chigare

    Tamil Name :உசிலை

    Malyalam Name :Varacchi

    Krishna Siris, Albizia amara is a mid-sized, deciduous tree. The bark of the tree is grey in color and is grainy and scaly.The leaves consist of up to 15 pairs of side stalks and the leaflets are tiny and can consist of about 15-35 pairs. The flowers are whitish-yellow powder puffs with long stamens and golden pollen.The pods are flat and are about 20 cm long. The leaves thin out during February-March and are renewed in April. The flowers are present throughout May and the fruits ripen during October and November.

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  • Siris
    Albizia lebbeck
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    Species Information of Siris

    Siris

    Scientific Name : Albizia lebbeck

    Common Name :Siris

    Hindi Name :ललाई,चिचोला

    Kannada Name :Baage

    Tamil Name :வாகை

    Malyalam Name :Dirasana

    Albizia lebbeck is a deciduous, perennial legume tree, upto 25 meter in height, with grey fissured corky bark, somewhat flaky, inner bark reddish. It is multi-stemmed when grown in the open but capable of producing a single straight stem when grown in plantations. The gray, cork-like bark is fissured and somewhat flaky. Leaves are Alternate, twice compound, with 2-6 pairs of pinnae, each pinna with 4-12 pairs of leaflets, leaflets elliptic-oblong, 2-4 cm long. Usually asymmetrical at base, dull green above, paler green below. Flowering and seeding occurs in the wet season, and unless the trees have been frequently coppiced, they will produce large amounts of seed every year. Flowers mimosa-like, in showy, rounded clusters near stem tips, 5-6 cm across, cream or yellowish-white, the numerous stamens are about 2 cm long.

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  • White Siris
    Albizia procera
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    Species Information of White Siris

    White Siris

    Scientific Name : Albizia procera

    Common Name :White Siris

    Hindi Name :सफ़ेद सिरिस,गुरार, चिचवी

    Kannada Name :Bili Baage/Belari

    Tamil Name :வெல்வாகை

    Malyalam Name :konda vagei, velvagai

    White Siris, Albizia procera. Other known common names are Forest Siris, Brown Albizia. And Silver Bark Rain Tree. Albizia procera or White Siris is widely harvested from the wild for its timber and is used in fuel wood plantations or as an ornamental tree. It is fast-growing, has an open canopy, and grows up to 30 m tall. Its bole may be straight or crooked, and can reach up to 60 cm in diameter. Leaves are cooked and eaten as vegetables. White Siris is known for its use in traditional medicine. Further, all of its parts are believed to have an anti-cancer function.

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  • Devil's Tree
    Alstonia scholaris
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    Species Information of Devil's Tree

    Devil's Tree

    Scientific Name : Alstonia scholaris

    Common Name :Devil's Tree

    Hindi Name :गुरार, चिचवी

    Kannada Name :

    Tamil Name :எழிலைபாலை

    Malyalam Name :Paala

    The name scholaris has come because in olden times the slates that chidren used were made from the soft wood of this tree. And the name Devil's tree in English and shaitan ka jhad in Hindi have probably come because this tree is shunned by animals because of its poisonous nature.

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  • Axlewood
    Anogeissus latifolia
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    Species Information of Axlewood

    Axlewood

    Scientific Name : Anogeissus latifolia

    Common Name :Axlewood

    Hindi Name :धौरा,धौदा

    Kannada Name :bejjalu, dindala, dindhlu, dindiga

    Tamil Name :வெக்காளி, வெள்ளை நாகை

    Malyalam Name :malakanniram, vellanava, mazhkanjiram

    Axlewood tree, Anogeissus latifolia is a species of small to medium-sized tree native to the India. It is one of the most useful trees in India. Its leaves contain large amounts of gallotannins,and are used in India for tanning. The tree is the source of Indian gum, also known as ghatti gum, which is used for calico printing among other uses. The species name latifolia is in reference to its wider leaves. Trunk is straight and cylindrical or sometimes more poorly shaped, branchless for 8 m, up to 80 cm in diameter. Bark is smooth or with scales, pale to dark gray. Branches are drooping. Leaves are oppositey or nearly- oppositely arranged, simple, entire, with grayish-yellow or whitish hairs below.

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  • Jackfruit
    Artocarpus heterophyllus
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    Species Information of Jackfruit

    Jackfruit

    Scientific Name : Artocarpus heterophyllus

    Common Name :Jackfruit

    Hindi Name :कटहल, कठल

    Kannada Name :Halasinaha??u

    Tamil Name :பலா

    Malyalam Name :Plavu

    This is a large tree that has the largest fruit in the world. It is native to the Western Ghats but is now cultivated inmany others parts of the country

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  • Grey Mangrove
    Avicennia marina
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    Species Information of Grey Mangrove

    Grey Mangrove

    Scientific Name : Avicennia marina

    Common Name :Grey Mangrove

    Hindi Name :

    Kannada Name :Ipati

    Tamil Name :வெள்ளைக்கண்டை

    Malyalam Name :Orayi

    Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove.Grey mangroves grow as a shrub or tree to a height of three to ten metres, or up to 14 metres in tropical regions.The leaves are thick, five to eight centimetres long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or grey, with very small matted hairs on the surface below. The flowers range from white to a golden yellow color, are less than a cm across, and occur in clusters of 3-5. The fruit contains a large fleshy seed, often germinating on the tree and falling as a seedling.

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  • Neem
    Azadirachta indica
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    Species Information of Neem

    Neem

    Scientific Name : Azadirachta indica

    Common Name :Neem

    Hindi Name :नीम

    Kannada Name :Bevu

    Tamil Name :வேப்ப மரம்

    Malyalam Name :Vepu

    Neem is a fast-growing tree that can reach a height of 15-20 m, rarely to 35-40 m. It is evergreen, but in severe drought it may shed most or nearly all of its leaves. The branches are wide spread. It blossoms in spring with the small white flowers. It has a straight trunk. Its bark is hard rough and scaly, fissured even in small trees. The color of the bark is brown grayish. The leaves are alternate and consist of several leaflets with serrated edges. Its flowers are small and white in color. The olive like edible fruit is oval, round and thin skinned. The Neem tree is noted for its drought resistance. Normally it thrives in areas with sub-arid to sub-humid conditions. Neem is a life-giving tree. It is one of the very few shade-giving trees that thrive in the drought-prone areas. The trees are not at all delicate about the water quality and thrive on the merest trickle of water, whatever the quality.

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  • Purple Bauhinia
    Bauhinia purpurea
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    Species Information of Purple Bauhinia

    Purple Bauhinia

    Scientific Name : Bauhinia purpurea

    Common Name :Purple Bauhinia

    Hindi Name :कनियार,केयोलर

    Kannada Name :Devakanchan

    Tamil Name :நீலத்திருவத்தி, மந்தாரை

    Malyalam Name :Mandaram

    There are many types of Bauhinias and their leaves and flowers look similar. It is relatively easy to tell the Purple bauhinia apart because the petals in its flower do not overlap. The pods of this tree burst open with a loud sound and the seeds get scattered up to 6 m away. The outer covers of the pods become spiral shaped after the seeds are thrown out.

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  • Jhinjheri
    Bauhinia racemosa
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    Species Information of Jhinjheri

    Jhinjheri

    Scientific Name : Bauhinia racemosa

    Common Name :Jhinjheri

    Hindi Name :झिन्झेरी,आश्ता

    Kannada Name :aapta,aralukadumandara

    Tamil Name :ஆத்தி

    Malyalam Name :arampaali,kutabuli, malayaththi

    Bauhinia racemosa, commonly known as the Bidi leaf tree is a rare medicinal species of flowering shrub with religious significance. It is a small crooked tree with drooping branches that grows 3-5 metres tall and flowers between February and May.The leaves are used for making bidis. Small flowers are borne in loose racemes, 5-10 cm long. Flowers are about 1 cm, greenish white. Petal are 5, narrow lancelike, stamens 10. Pods 13 to 25 cms by 1.8-2.5 cms in size, generally curved, swollen, rigid. Seeds 12 to 20, glabrous, dark reddish brown or black, compressed, 8mm long.

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  • Semla
    Bauhinia retusa
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    Species Information of Semla

    Semla

    Scientific Name : Bauhinia retusa

    Common Name :Semla

    Hindi Name :सेमला

    Kannada Name :goddu yaade

    Tamil Name :கதுமுனை ஆத்தி

    Malyalam Name :

    Bauhinia Retusa is beautiful tree is native to Northern India and Nepal. The blooms measure about 1 feet across and are cream in color with dark purple accents. Flowers appear towards the end of summer and throughout fall. It can grow over 20 feet tall, and have roundish leaves shaped like camel hooves. It is semi-deciduous.

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  • Red Silk Cotton
    Bombax ceiba
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    Species Information of Red Silk Cotton

    Red Silk Cotton

    Scientific Name : Bombax ceiba

    Common Name :Red Silk Cotton

    Hindi Name :सिमल,सेमरा

    Kannada Name :Booruga

    Tamil Name :முள் இலவம், மலை இலவம்

    Malyalam Name :Mulilavu

    This tree has branches coming out in all directions and has many levels at which these branches come out like the ribs of many umbrellas one on top of the other. The large flowers are pollinated by birds, and after they fall on the forest floor, are eaten with relish by wild animals. The woody fruit bursts open to release hundreds of seeds attached to sliky fibres, that are wafted away in the wind.

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  • Toddy Palm
    Borassus flabellifer
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    Species Information of Toddy Palm

    Toddy Palm

    Scientific Name : Borassus flabellifer

    Common Name :Toddy Palm

    Hindi Name :ताड़

    Kannada Name :Tale Hannu

    Tamil Name :பனை மரம்

    Malyalam Name :

    Toddy palm, Borassus flabellifer is a native - India and Malaysia. Its is as valuable as the coconut to many coastal people. All parts of the tree are used. The palm grows to a height of 20 meters. The trunk diameter can be as much as one meter.The leaf crown is 6 to seven meters tall and wide. Leaves are 2.5 to 3 meters in diameter on a 1.5 to 2 meter long stalk. Trunks are used as building material. The leaves are used for making baskets and mats. Also used for making food, beverage, pollen for bee-keepers. Flower are followed by large 6-8 inch diameter fruit are rounded brown. The fruit is delicious. The new growing embryos and seelings too are a delicacy.

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  • Flame of the Forest
    Butea monosperma
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    Species Information of Flame of the Forest

    Flame of the Forest

    Scientific Name : Butea monosperma

    Common Name :Flame of the Forest

    Hindi Name :पलाश, ढाक

    Kannada Name :Muttuga

    Tamil Name :பொரசு

    Malyalam Name :Palash

    Native to India, Flame of the Forest is a medium sized tree, growing from 20 to 4O feet high, and the trunk is usually crooked and twisted with irregular branches and rough, grey bark. The leaves are pinnate, with an 8-16 cm petiole and three leaflets, each leaflet 10-20 cm long.

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  • Black Dammer
    Canarium strictum
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    Species Information of Black Dammer

    Black Dammer

    Scientific Name : Canarium strictum

    Common Name :Black Dammer

    Hindi Name :धूप

    Kannada Name :Nalla rojanamu

    Tamil Name :கருங்குங்கிலியம்

    Malyalam Name :Pantham, Pantappayan, Thelli, Viraka, Thellippayin

    Canarium strictum - Black dammar is found in moist deciduous to semi-evergreen forests, in Western ghats, up to the altitude of 1400 meters, grows up to 40 meters tall. Leaves are bipinnate, oppositely arranged and sized 5 inches in length and 2-2.5 inch wide, young leaves are reddish brown it became green when old, the is scaly and thick when get wound a brownish secretion produces which is used to fuming to repel mosquitoes.

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  • Fish-tail Palm
    Caryota urens
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    Species Information of Fish-tail Palm

    Fish-tail Palm

    Scientific Name : Caryota urens

    Common Name :Fish-tail Palm

    Hindi Name :मारि

    Kannada Name :

    Tamil Name :கூந்தல்பனை

    Malyalam Name :Anapana

    Caryota urens is a species of flowering plant in the palm family from the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia where they grow in fields and rainforest clearings.Caryota urens species is a solitary-trunked tree that measure up to 12 m in height and up to 30 cm wide. Widely spaced leaf-scar rings cover its gray trunk which culminate in a 6 m wide, 6 m tall leaf crown. The bipinnate leaves are triangular in shape, bright to deep green, 3.5 m long, and held on 60 cm long petioles. The obdeltoid pinnae are 30 cm long with a pointed edge and a jagged edge.The 3 m long inflorescences emerge at each leaf node, from top to bottom, producing pendent clusters of white, unisexual flowers. The fruit matures to a round, 1 cm drupe, red in color with one seed. Like all Caryotas, the fruit contains oxalic acid, a skin and membrane irritant. As these plants are monocarpic, the completion of the flower and fruiting process results in the death of the tree.

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  • Indian Laburnum
    Cassia fistula
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    Species Information of Indian Laburnum

    Indian Laburnum

    Scientific Name : Cassia fistula

    Common Name :Indian Laburnum

    Hindi Name :अमलतास

    Kannada Name :Kakke

    Tamil Name :சரக்கொன்னை

    Malyalam Name :Kanikonna

    This is the State flower of Kerala.There are concers that this flower which plays an important role in the 'Vishu' celebrations (Malayali New Year), may not be available in April. It's called the Kani Poo in Tamil and Malayalam as it flowers only in April, and exactly during the Vishu festival, when this flower is considered to be a 'must' in the decoration.

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  • White Silk Cotton
    Ceiba pentandra
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    Species Information of White Silk Cotton

    White Silk Cotton

    Scientific Name : Ceiba pentandra

    Common Name :White Silk Cotton

    Hindi Name :सफेद सिमल

    Kannada Name :Dudi

    Tamil Name :இலவம், உலகமரம்

    Malyalam Name :Panjimaram

    Ceiba pentandra is a tropical tree.The tree grows to 25 m high.Trunks can often be up to 3 m in diameter above the extensive buttresses.The trees produce several hundred 15 cm pods containing seeds surrounded by a fluffy, yellowish fibre that is a mix of lignin and cellulose.Leaves digitately compound, alternate, gathered towards the apex of branchlets.Flowers bisexual, creamy white, usually in clusters of 3-10, axillary or grouped towards the ends of leafless branchlets.

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  • Floss Silk Tree
    Chorisia speciosa
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    Species Information of Floss Silk Tree

    Floss Silk Tree

    Scientific Name : Chorisia speciosa

    Common Name :Floss Silk Tree

    Hindi Name :Resham Rui

    Kannada Name :

    Tamil Name :

    Malyalam Name :

    Silk floss tree is an awkwardly branched 30-60 ft (9.1-18.3 m) tree with pale green leaves palmately divided into 5-7 pointed leaflets. The young trees start out growing fast, straight, and narrow, then slowly develop broadly spreading umbrella canopies as they age. The bulbous green trunk is covered with big blunt warty triangular spines and turns gray as the tree gets older. Silk floss trees typically drop their leaves just before they put on their spectacular autumn display of five-petaled flowers. The petals vary from pale pink to rose to purple or burgundy at the tips and grade into ivory with brownish spots or blotches at the base. The flowers are followed by pear shaped capsules filled with many seeds embedded in silky white floss.Silk floss tree, Chorisia speciosa native to Brazil and Argentina, but it is cultivated in many tropical areas.

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  • Yellow Silk Cotton
    Cochlospermum religiosum
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    Species Information of Yellow Silk Cotton

    Yellow Silk Cotton

    Scientific Name : Cochlospermum religiosum

    Common Name :Yellow Silk Cotton

    Hindi Name :गलगल

    Kannada Name :Arasina Booruga

    Tamil Name :தணுக்கு

    Malyalam Name :

    buttercups. The bark is smooth and pale grey, bark 20-25 mm thick, surface dark grey, fibrous; branchlets thick. It is sparsely clothed with leaves and sheds them at the height of the flowering season. Leaves glabrous above, densely brownish tomentose below, the arrangement is alternate distichous, Leaf Base is Chordate. The leaves appear at the tips of the branches leaves simple, palmately 3-5 lobed, alternate, estipulate; petiole 6-20 cm long.The flowers of the Buttercup tree are the most conspicuous part of the tree. Flowers bisexual, buttercup shaped and bright yellow.The fruits are brown and oval shaped. They come in the form of a capsule made up of five segments. The capsule splits open to release the seeds which are embedded in the silky cotton contained within. Fruits like a capsule.The flowering season is between February and April.

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  • Mountain Coffee
    Coffea arabica
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    Species Information of Mountain Coffee

    Mountain Coffee

    Scientific Name : Coffea arabica

    Common Name :Mountain Coffee

    Hindi Name :coffee

    Kannada Name :coffee

    Tamil Name :காபி

    Malyalam Name :kappy

    Coffea arabica is a species of Coffea originally indigenous to the forests of the southwestern highlands of Ethiopia. It is also known as the "coffee shrub of Arabia", "mountain coffee", or "arabica coffee". These plants grow between 9 and 12 m tall, and have an open branching system; the leaves are opposite, simple elliptic-ovate to oblong, 6 to 12 cm long and 4-8 cm broad, glossy dark green. The flowers are white, 10-15 mm in diameter and grow in axillary clusters. The seeds are contained in a drupe (commonly called a "cherry") 10-15 mm in diameter, maturing bright red to purple and typically contains two seeds (the coffee beans).

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  • Robusta Coffee
    Coffea robusta
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    Species Information of Robusta Coffee

    Robusta Coffee

    Scientific Name : Coffea robusta

    Common Name :Robusta Coffee

    Hindi Name :coffee

    Kannada Name :coffee

    Tamil Name :காபி

    Malyalam Name :kappy

    Coffea canephora commonly known as robusta coffee, is a species of coffee that has its origins in central and western sub-Saharan Africa. The plant has a shallow root system and grows as a robust tree or shrub to about 10 metres. It flowers irregularly, taking about 10-11 months for cherries to ripen, producing oval-shaped beans.

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  • Large Sebesten
    Cordia wallichii
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    Species Information of Large Sebesten

    Large Sebesten

    Scientific Name : Cordia wallichii

    Common Name :Large Sebesten

    Hindi Name :लसोड़ा

    Kannada Name :Chandle

    Tamil Name :Naamaviri

    Malyalam Name :viri, cheruviri

    Deciduous trees, to 15 m high, bark brown to brownish-black, corky; branchlets densely pubescent. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 30-50 mm long. Flowers polygamous, creamy white.fruit a drupe, up to 15 mm, yellowish red, with sticky pulp.

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  • Tanner's Tree
    Coriaria nepalensis
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    Species Information of Tanner's Tree

    Tanner's Tree

    Scientific Name : Coriaria nepalensis

    Common Name :Tanner's Tree

    Hindi Name :मसूरिया, गंगारा

    Kannada Name :

    Tamil Name :

    Malyalam Name :

    Coriaria nepalensis,Tanner's Tree is a shrub growing in the foot hills of Himalayas. It blooms in spring and has beautiful yellow flowers and red fruits in summer.It is a shrub, 1.5-2.5 metres tall. Flowers are in groups and they are male or female but in the same plant; their color is yellow. It blooms from February to May. Fruits are red to dark purple when mature. They look like berries but they are small nuts (achenes) protected by enlarged and colored petals. Fruits are produced from May to August but they cannot be eaten because their seeds are poisonous.

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  • Bastard Rosewood
    Dalbergia lanceolaria
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    Species Information of Bastard Rosewood

    Bastard Rosewood

    Scientific Name : Dalbergia lanceolaria

    Common Name :Bastard Rosewood

    Hindi Name :टकोली,धमासी

    Kannada Name :Bili Beete

    Tamil Name :வெளங்கு

    Malyalam Name :Mannavitti

    Dalbergia lanceolaria is a species of legume in the Fabaceae family native to India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Burma. It is a medium-sized tree. The bark of the tree is traditionally used as an analgesic and anti-diarrhoeal.

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  • Indian Rosewood
    Dalbergia sissoo
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    Species Information of Indian Rosewood

    Indian Rosewood

    Scientific Name : Dalbergia sissoo

    Common Name :Indian Rosewood

    Hindi Name :शीशम

    Kannada Name :Beete

    Tamil Name :Itti

    Malyalam Name :Itti

    Dalbergia sissoo, known commonly as Indian Rosewood, is a slow-growing, hardy deciduous rosewood tree native to the Indian Subcontinent and Southern Iran. D. Sissoo is a large, crooked tree with long, leathery leaves and whitish or pink flowers. It can grow up to a maximum of 25 m in height and 2 to 3 m (6 ft 7 in to 9 ft 10 in) in diameter, but is usually smaller. Trunks are often crooked when grown in the open. Leaves are leathery, alternate, pinnately compound and about 15 cm (5.9 in) long. Flowers are whitish to pink, fragrant, nearly sessile, up to 1.5 cm (0.59 in) long and in dense clusters 5-10 cm (2.0-3.9 in) in length. Pods are oblong, flat, thin, strap-like 4-8 cm (1.6-3.1 in) long, 1 cm (0.39 in) wide and light brown.

    32 / 103

  • Gulmohur
    Delonix regia
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    Species Information of Gulmohur

    Gulmohur

    Scientific Name : Delonix regia

    Common Name :Gulmohur

    Hindi Name :गुलमोहर

    Kannada Name :Kempu torai

    Tamil Name :மயில்கொன்றை

    Malyalam Name :Gulmohur

    This common tree of roadsides and avenues, with its beautiful flowers, is grown all over India, but is a native of the forests of Madagascar.

    33 / 103

  • Elephant Apple
    Dillenia indica
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    Species Information of Elephant Apple

    Elephant Apple

    Scientific Name : Dillenia indica

    Common Name :Elephant Apple

    Hindi Name :चलता, करमबेल

    Kannada Name :

    Tamil Name :

    Malyalam Name :

    Dillenia indica, commonly known as elephant apple is a species of Dillenia.It is an evergreen large shrub or small to medium-sized tree growing to 15 m tall. The leaves are 15 to 36 cm long, with a conspicuously corrugated surface with impressed veins. Its branches are used to make good firewood. The flowers are large, 15 to 20 cm diameter, with five white petals and numerous yellow stamens. Its characteristic round fruits are large, greenish yellow, have many seeds and are edible. The fruit is a 5 to 12 cm diameter aggregate of 15 carpels, each carpel containing five seeds embedded in an edible but fibrous pulp.

    34 / 103

  • Karkat
    Dillenia pentagyna
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    Species Information of Karkat

    Karkat

    Scientific Name : Dillenia pentagyna

    Common Name :Karkat

    Hindi Name :करमल,सुआरूख़

    Kannada Name :kaadu kanigalu

    Tamil Name :punnai vakai

    Malyalam Name :pattippunna

    Dillenia is a genus of about 100 species of flowering plants in the family Dilleniaceae.The leaves are simple and spirally arranged. The flowers are solitary, or in terminal racemes, with five sepals and five petals, numerous stamens, and a cluster of five to 20 carpels; they are superficially similar in appearance to Magnolia flowers.

    35 / 103

  • Duabanga
    Duabanga grandiflora
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    Species Information of Duabanga

    Duabanga

    Scientific Name : Duabanga grandiflora

    Common Name :Duabanga

    Hindi Name :सुआरूख़ • Bengali: Bondorphulla • Assamese: থোৰ

    Kannada Name :

    Tamil Name :

    Malyalam Name :

    Duabanga is a tall deciduous fast growing tree Large tree, scarcely buttressed, able to grow up to about 18 to 30 m tall, sometimes reaching 40 m in its natural habitat. Branches tend to spread out horizontally in all directions and drooping from the trunk. Large green oblong leaves, opposite arrangement, measuring about 12 to15 cm long and 5 to 7 cm wide, petiole about 1.2 cm long, young leaves are reddish pink.Flowers are white 6 petaled flowers borne on a drooping corymb inflorescence from the ends of branches, each flower about 5 - 6 cm wide, unpleasant smell, numerous stamens.Fruit is a subglobose capsule about 2 - 4 cm long and 4 cm wide, turns from green to brownish-orange when ripen, contains many small seeds.

    36 / 103

  • Indian Coral
    Erythrina indica
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    Species Information of Indian Coral

    Indian Coral

    Scientific Name : Erythrina indica

    Common Name :Indian Coral

    Hindi Name :पंगार

    Kannada Name :Halvana

    Tamil Name :கல்யாண முருங்கை

    Malyalam Name :Mullumurikku

    A beautiful ornamental tree that is planted in gardens and parks, the flowers of this tree are bright red and striking. A variety of birds are visitors to the coral tree when it is in flower.The flowers appear when the tree is completely bare of leaves.

    37 / 103

  • Banyan
    Ficus bengalensis
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    Species Information of Banyan

    Banyan

    Scientific Name : Ficus bengalensis

    Common Name :Banyan

    Hindi Name :बरगद, बढ़

    Kannada Name :Aala

    Tamil Name :ஆலமரம்

    Malyalam Name :Aalam

    Ficus benghalensis, commonly known as the banyan, banyan fig and Indian banyan is a tree native to the Indian Subcontinent.Banyan trees are one of the largest trees in the world and grow up to 20-25 m with branches spreading up to 100 m. it has a massive trunk that has smooth greyish brown bark and is fluted. They have very powerful roots that can penetrate very hard surfaces like concrete and even stones sometimes. Older banyan trees are characterized by emergence of aerial prop roots that are thin and fibrous when new, but develop into thick branchlike appearance once they are old and firmly rooted onto the soil. These aerial prop roots offer support to the huge canopy of the tree. The banyan tree generally grows around an existing tree for initial support and drives it roots within it. As the banyan tree matures, the mesh of roots exerts tremendous pressure on the support tree, it eventually dies and the remains rot away leaving a hollow central column inside the main tree trunk.

    38 / 103

  • Country Fig
    Ficus racemosa
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    Species Information of Country Fig

    Country Fig

    Scientific Name : Ficus racemosa

    Common Name :Country Fig

    Hindi Name :गूलर,दूमर

    Kannada Name :Rumadi

    Tamil Name :வெள்ளை அத்தி

    Malyalam Name :Atti

    This is a large fig tree, whose fruits are eaten by many birds and mammals. The bark is often pock-marked with dark craters. The flowers are inside the fruits, as in all figs, and so cannot be seen from the outside.

    39 / 103

  • Peepal
    Ficus religiosa
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    Species Information of Peepal

    Peepal

    Scientific Name : Ficus religiosa

    Common Name :Peepal

    Hindi Name :पीपल

    Kannada Name :arali,

    Tamil Name :அரசமரம்

    Malyalam Name :Arayal

    This is a well-known tree across India. It is said that Gautama Buddha became enlightened meditating under one of these trees in Bodh Gaya in Bihar. It is a fig tree, and like all figs, you cannot see the flowers because they are inside the fruits.

    40 / 103

  • Garuga
    Garuga pinnata
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    Species Information of Garuga

    Garuga

    Scientific Name : Garuga pinnata

    Common Name :Garuga

    Hindi Name :खरपात,केकड़

    Kannada Name :aranelli, biligadde, kaashthanelli

    Tamil Name :கருவேம்பு

    Malyalam Name :Kosramba, annakaara,kaattunelli

    Garuga pinnata is a deciduous tree species from the family Burseraceae.Leaves are pinnate, 6-18 in. long, with 6-10 pairs of leaflets and a lone one at the tip. Leaflets are opposite or nearly so, 3-6 in. long, lance-shaped, with a tapering tip, toothed margin, softly hairy when young, ultimately smooth. Flowers are small, creamy white or yellow, in much branched, velvety pinnacles in leaf axils or at the ends of the branches.

    41 / 103

  • Quickstick
    Gliricidia sepium
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    Species Information of Quickstick

    Quickstick

    Scientific Name : Gliricidia sepium

    Common Name :Quickstick

    Hindi Name :

    Kannada Name :Gobbarada Mara

    Tamil Name :விவசாயத் தகரை

    Malyalam Name :Seema konna

    Gliricidia sepium grows to a height of 2-15 m, has a medium crown and may be single or multistemmed. The bark colour is variable but is mainly greyish-brown, and it can be much fissured. The tree has deep roots when mature. Leaves are alternate and pinnate with (min. 7) 13-21 (max. 25) leaflets, papery, oblong with a distinctive pointed tip. Leaflet size increases towards the distal end of the leaf. At maturity, the upper surface ranges from smooth and hairless to bristly and usually has no tanniniferous patches. The lower surface can also be smooth and hairless or bristly but commonly has purplish tanniniferous patches concentrated toward the centre of the lamina. Flowers arranged on conspicuously short, upward-curving to erect inflorescences, which are usually pink, fading to whitish-brown or pale purple with age. Pods explosively dehiscent, strongly laterally compressed and pale green or reddish-pink when unripe, turning pale yellow-brown when fully ripe.

    42 / 103

  • Gamar
    Gmelina arborea
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    Species Information of Gamar

    Gamar

    Scientific Name : Gmelina arborea

    Common Name :Gamar

    Hindi Name :गम्हड़,ख़मेर,गमारी

    Kannada Name :Shivani

    Tamil Name :மலைகுமுளா

    Malyalam Name :Kumbil

    This tree is best known for its wood which is sometimes called white teak.

    43 / 103

  • Indian Elm
    Holoptelea integrifolia
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    Species Information of Indian Elm

    Indian Elm

    Scientific Name : Holoptelea integrifolia

    Common Name :Indian Elm

    Hindi Name :चिलबिल, पपड़ी,चिरहोल

    Kannada Name :

    Tamil Name :ஆயா

    Malyalam Name :Aaval

    This is a very large tree, found across India. The wood is soft and light.

    44 / 103

  • Jacaranda
    Jacaranda mimosifolia
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    Species Information of Jacaranda

    Jacaranda

    Scientific Name : Jacaranda mimosifolia

    Common Name :Jacaranda

    Hindi Name :नीली गुलमोहर

    Kannada Name :

    Tamil Name :ஜக்கரண்டா

    Malyalam Name :

    Jacaranda tree is a nice and striking tree that can grow up to 18 metres at the highest. The tree contains large leaves that are separated into tiny sections and as a whole, it has the shape of a nicely cut branch. The tree normally flowers for a very short period starting from the month of March to May. But some exceptional trees do flower even out of the season. From beginning to end, every tree is wrapped in blue.

    45 / 103

  • Walnut
    Juglans regia
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    Species Information of Walnut

    Walnut

    Scientific Name : Juglans regia

    Common Name :Walnut

    Hindi Name :अखरोट

    Kannada Name :

    Tamil Name :ஜக்கரண்டா

    Malyalam Name :

    A Himalayan tree that in forests becomes 25-30 m tall with a clear long trunk and is indigenous at elevations between 1400-3500 m.

    46 / 103

  • Sausage Tree
    Kigelia africana
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    Species Information of Sausage Tree

    Sausage Tree

    Scientific Name : Kigelia africana

    Common Name :Sausage Tree

    Hindi Name :झाड़ फ़ानूस

    Kannada Name :Sasega, Aanethoradu Kaayi

    Tamil Name :வட்ட கண்ணு

    Malyalam Name :

    Sausage Tree, Kigelia africana is a genus of flowering plants in the family Bignoniaceae.It''s common name is sausage tree.It is a tree growing up to 20 m (66 feet) tall. The bark is grey and smooth at first, peeling on older trees. It can be as thick as 6 mm on a 15-cm branch .The leaves are opposite or in whorls of three, 12 to 20 inches long, pinnate, with six to ten oval leaflets up to eight inches (20 cm) long and 2.25 inches (6 cm) broad. Flowers are produced in panicles they are bell-shaped orange to maroon or purplish green, and about four inches (10 cm )wide.The fruit is a woody berry from 12 to 39 inches long and up to seven inches broad.

    47 / 103

  • Kydia
    Kydia calycina
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    Species Information of Kydia

    Kydia

    Scientific Name : Kydia calycina

    Common Name :Kydia

    Hindi Name :पुलिया, भरंगा,बरन्गा

    Kannada Name :bende,

    Tamil Name :vattakannu, vendai

    Malyalam Name :vellachadachi

    Kydia is a tree, growing up to 20 m tall. Leaves 3-12.5 cm long, 4-16.5 cm broad, commonly 7 nerved, truncate-subcordate at base, entire or 3-5 angled, not or slightly denticulate, acute-obtuse, dark green and less hairy above, greyish below.

    48 / 103

  • Pride of India
    Lagerstroemia speciosa
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    Species Information of Pride of India

    Pride of India

    Scientific Name : Lagerstroemia speciosa

    Common Name :Pride of India

    Hindi Name :जरुल, जारुल

    Kannada Name :Hole dasavala

    Tamil Name :Kadali

    Malyalam Name :Manimaruthu

    This is a very beautiful flowering tree with pink rose-like wrinkled flowers in large clusters. Maharashtra has honoured this tree by making its flower the state flower.

    49 / 103

  • Spanish Flag
    Lantana camara
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    Species Information of Spanish Flag

    Spanish Flag

    Scientific Name : Lantana camara

    Common Name :Spanish Flag

    Hindi Name :राईमुनिया

    Kannada Name :Kakke, Natahu

    Tamil Name :உண்ணி செடி

    Malyalam Name :

    The flower has a tutti frutti smell with a pepper undertone.

    50 / 103

  • Chandada
    Macaranga peltata
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    Species Information of Chandada

    Chandada

    Scientific Name : Macaranga peltata

    Common Name :Chandada

    Hindi Name :चाँद कल

    Kannada Name :Vattathamarai, Chanda kala

    Tamil Name :வட்டக்கன்னி

    Malyalam Name :Vatta / Uppila

    An easy way to identify the Chandada is to notice that the leaf stalks are attached on the underside of the leaf and not to the base of the leaf as in most other trees.

    51 / 103

  • Mahua
    Madhuca longifolia (var. latifolia)
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    Species Information of Mahua

    Mahua

    Scientific Name : Madhuca longifolia (var. latifolia)

    Common Name :Mahua

    Hindi Name :महुआ

    Kannada Name :

    Tamil Name :நாட்டு இலுப்பை

    Malyalam Name :Ilippa

    In many parts of India this is considered to be a very valuable tree because it gives nutritious food for millions of poor people. The flowers are eaten raw and in a season a large tree can give 300 kg of flowers. The seeds give mahua butter that is used in cooking.

    52 / 103

  • Lal champa
    Magnolia campbellii
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    Species Information of Lal champa

    Lal champa

    Scientific Name : Magnolia campbellii

    Common Name :Lal champa

    Hindi Name :लाल चम्पा

    Kannada Name :

    Tamil Name :நாட்டு இலுப்பை

    Malyalam Name :Ilippa

    A large Himalayan tree with spectacular flowers that is found eastwards of Nepal and grows in elevations between 2000-3000 m.

    53 / 103

  • Mango (unknown variety)
    Mangifera indica
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    Species Information of Mango (unknown variety)

    Mango (unknown variety)

    Scientific Name : Mangifera indica

    Common Name :Mango (unknown variety)

    Hindi Name :आम

    Kannada Name :

    Tamil Name :மாமரம்

    Malyalam Name :Maavu

    Mangifera indica, commonly known as mango. Mango is the National fruit of India.Mango tree can grow upto almost 120-130 ft in height, with a radius of 33 ft at the top. The root of the mango tree goes down to around 20 ft, in deep soil. The evergreen leaves of the mango tree contain a specific aroma and are almost 15-35 cm in length and 6-16 cm in width.Flowering takes place generally in between January to March. The flowers have 4 or 5 petals and are 5-10 mm in length. The mango flowers are yellow-greenish in colour. The petals have orange stripes on them. The stems of the tree are fat, green in colour and wavy. They can bear numerous retreating side stems. Each of these stems has a lot of little and stalked flowers. The Mango fruit takes 2 to 3 months to get matured and they vary from one tree to another. The normal fruiting period of the Mango tree is from the month of May to July, but one can obtain fruit from them almost every month of the year.

    54 / 103

  • China Berry
    Melia azedarach
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    Species Information of China Berry

    China Berry

    Scientific Name : Melia azedarach

    Common Name :China Berry

    Hindi Name :बकैन

    Kannada Name :

    Tamil Name :மலைவேம்பு

    Malyalam Name :

    Melia azedarach, commonly known by many names, including chinaberry tree. The adult tree has a rounded crown, and commonly measures 7 to 12 metres tall. The leaves are up to 50 centimetres (20 in) long, alternate, long-petioled, two or three times compound (odd-pinnate) the leaflets are dark green above and lighter green below, with serrate margins. The flowers are small and fragrant, with five pale purple or lilac petals, growing in clusters. The fruit is a drupe, marble-sized, light yellow at maturity, hanging on the tree all winter, and gradually becoming wrinkled and almost white.

    55 / 103

  • Nag Champa
    Mesua ferrea
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    Species Information of Nag Champa

    Nag Champa

    Scientific Name : Mesua ferrea

    Common Name :Nag Champa

    Hindi Name :नाग चम्पा

    Kannada Name :

    Tamil Name :நங்கல்

    Malyalam Name :Vainavu

    Mesua ferrea also known as Nagkesar is a beautiful evergreen tree and has been used in Ayurveda for thousands of years. This is cultivated as an ornamental plant. The tree grows up to 30m in height and the pendulous leaves are 8 to 15 cm long. They are simple, narrow, opposite, black grey to dark green in colour. The branches are glabrous and slender. The flowers are bisexual, white petals with orange stamens. The capsule contains 1 to 2 seeds. It flowers from March to July. The fruits are seen during October to November.

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  • Champa
    Michelia champaca
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    Species Information of Champa

    Champa

    Scientific Name : Michelia champaca

    Common Name :Champa

    Hindi Name :चम्पा, सोन चम्पा

    Kannada Name :Sampige

    Tamil Name :செண்பகம்

    Malyalam Name :Champakam

    Magnolia champaca, known in English as champak. It known for its fragrant flowers, and its timber used in woodworking.In its native range Magnolia champaca grows to 50 metres or taller. Its trunk can be up to 1.9 metres in diameter. The tree has a narrow umbelliform crown. It has strongly fragrant flowers in varying shades of cream to yellow-orange, during June to September.

    57 / 103

  • Indian Cork Tree
    Millingtonia hortensis
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    Species Information of Indian Cork Tree

    Indian Cork Tree

    Scientific Name : Millingtonia hortensis

    Common Name :Indian Cork Tree

    Hindi Name :नीम चमेली

    Kannada Name :Beratu/Birate mara

    Tamil Name :மரமல்லிகை, பன்னீர்மரம்

    Malyalam Name :Katesam

    Millingtonia hortensis Linn. is cultivated in most parts of India, both in gardens and avenues. Tall and straight, with comparatively few branches, its popularity lies in its ornamental value. It is a fine tree, fast growing, but with brittle wood, liable to be damaged by storms. The ashy bark is cracked and furrowed and the numerous fissures make removal of the cork an easy matter. It is used as an inferior substitute for true cork. From April until the rains and again in November and December, a profusion of silvery-white, delightfully fragrant flowers crown the foliage. Upright open clusters with arching blooms terminate every branchlet. Each flower is a tiny bell-shaped calyx, a long slender tube of palest green dividing into four waxy, white petals and several conspicuous yellow anthered stamens. Many flowers are delicately tinted with rose. Between January and March the leaves are shed and renewed during April and May.

    58 / 103

  • Maulsari
    Mimusops elengi
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    Species Information of Maulsari

    Maulsari

    Scientific Name : Mimusops elengi

    Common Name :Maulsari

    Hindi Name :मौलसरी

    Kannada Name :Bakul

    Tamil Name :மகிழம்

    Malyalam Name :Elengi

    The scientific name of this tree comes from its Malayalam name. The wood is extremely hard, the fruits are edible and oil is extracted from the seeds

    59 / 103

  • Kaim
    Mitragyna parviflora
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    Species Information of Kaim

    Kaim

    Scientific Name : Mitragyna parviflora

    Common Name :Kaim

    Hindi Name :कैम

    Kannada Name :

    Tamil Name :நீர்க்கடம்பை

    Malyalam Name :Nir kadambu, Vimbu

    Mitragyna parvifolia is a tree species is native to India and SriLanka. Mitragyna species are used medicinally as well as for their fine timber throughout the areas they grow. It reaches heights of 50 feet with a branch spread of over 15 feet. The stem is erect and branching. Flowers are yellow and grow in ball-shaped clusters. Leaves are a dark green in color, smooth, rounded in shape, and opposite in growth pattern

    60 / 103

  • Silkworm Mulberry
    Morus alba
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    Species Information of Silkworm Mulberry

    Silkworm Mulberry

    Scientific Name : Morus alba

    Common Name :Silkworm Mulberry

    Hindi Name :शहतूत

    Kannada Name :

    Tamil Name :கம்பளிச் செடி, மல்பரி

    Malyalam Name :

    Morus alba, known as white mulberry, is a fast-growing, small to medium-sized mulberry tree which grows to 10 to 20 m tall. the leaves may be up to 30 cm long, and deeply and intricately lobed, with the lobes rounded.The trees are generally deciduous in temperate regions, but trees grown in tropical regions can be evergreen. The flowers are single-sex catkins; male catkins are 2 to 3.5 cm long, and female catkins 1-2 cm long. Male and female flowers are usually on separate trees although they may occur on the same tree. The fruit is 1-2.5 cm long; in the species in the wild it is deep purple, but in many cultivated plants it varies from white to pink; it is sweet but bland, unlike the more intense flavor of the red mulberry and black mulberry. The seeds are widely dispersed in the droppings of birds that eat the fruit.

    61 / 103

  • Singapore Cherry
    Muntingia calabura
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    Species Information of Singapore Cherry

    Singapore Cherry

    Scientific Name : Muntingia calabura

    Common Name :Singapore Cherry

    Hindi Name :

    Kannada Name :Gasagase hannina mara

    Tamil Name :தேன்பழம்

    Malyalam Name :

    Calabura is a rapidly growing, small, evergreen shrub or a tree with a short, broad, spreading crown; it can grow from 3 to 12 metres tall.The leaves are alternate, distichous, oblong or lanceolate, 4 to 15 cm long and 1 to 6 cm wide, with toothed margin and covered in short hairs.The flowers are small (up to 3cm wide), solitary or in inflorescences of 2 to 3 flowers; with 5 lanceolate sepals, hairy; 5 obovate white petals; many stamens with yellow anthers and a smooth ovoid ovary. Fruit, an edible berry, red at maturity, about 1.5 cm wide.

    62 / 103

  • Box Myrtle
    Myrica esculent
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    Species Information of Box Myrtle

    Box Myrtle

    Scientific Name : Myrica esculent

    Common Name :Box Myrtle

    Hindi Name :काफल

    Kannada Name :Gasagase hannina mara

    Tamil Name :தேன்பழம்

    Malyalam Name :

    Kaphal is an evergreen tree found throughout the mid-Himalayas, starting from about 1,300 metres and going up to about 2,100 metres.

    63 / 103

  • Kadamb
    Neolamarckia cadamba
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    Species Information of Kadamb

    Kadamb

    Scientific Name : Neolamarckia cadamba

    Common Name :Kadamb

    Hindi Name :शहतूत

    Kannada Name :Kaduavalatige

    Tamil Name :வெள்ளை கடம்பு

    Malyalam Name :Katampu

    The flowers of this tree are delicately scented, and are used in decoration and prayer. The fruits are eaten by birds, monkeys and bats.

    64 / 103

  • Night Flowering Jasmine
    Nyctanthes arbor-tristis
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    Species Information of Night Flowering Jasmine

    Night Flowering Jasmine

    Scientific Name : Nyctanthes arbor-tristis

    Common Name :Night Flowering Jasmine

    Hindi Name :हार सिंगार, पारिजात

    Kannada Name :Parijata

    Tamil Name :பவிழ மல்லி

    Malyalam Name :Parijatakam

    Nyctanthes arbor-tristis is a shrub or a small tree growing to 10 m (33 ft) tall, with flaky grey bark. The leaves are opposite, simple, 6-12 cm long and 2 to 6.5 cm broad, with an entire margin. The flowers are fragrant, with a five- to eight-lobed white corolla with an orange-red centre; they are produced in clusters of two to seven together, with individual flowers opening at dusk and finishing at dawn. The fruit is a flat brown heart-shaped to round capsule 2 cm diameter, with two sections each containing a single seed.

    65 / 103

  • Badminton-ball Tree
    Parkia biglandulosa
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    Species Information of Badminton-ball Tree

    Badminton-ball Tree

    Scientific Name : Parkia biglandulosa

    Common Name :Badminton-ball Tree

    Hindi Name :चेन्डुल का झाड़

    Kannada Name :shivalinga mara

    Tamil Name :maavagan, mavukai

    Malyalam Name :

    African locust tree is a tall handsome tree, native of W. Africa.Leaves are bipinnate, leaflets 60-100 pairs, small. two glands present at the base of the petiole.Flowers are big globose or obovoid, green heads, peduncles long. Fruit are Pods large and strap-shaped. Flowering and Fruiting time : January to March

    66 / 103

  • Copper-pod
    Peltophorum pterocarpum
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    Species Information of Copper-pod

    Copper-pod

    Scientific Name : Peltophorum pterocarpum

    Common Name :Copper-pod

    Hindi Name :चेन्डुल का झाड़

    Kannada Name :

    Tamil Name :Ivalvagar

    Malyalam Name :

    Peltophorum pterocarpum is commonly known as copperpod, yellow-flamboyant, yellow flametree, yellow poinciana or yellow-flame.It is a deciduous tree growing to 15 to 25 m (rarely up to 50 m) tall, with a trunk diameter of up to 1 m belonging to Family Leguminosae and sub-family Caesalpiniaceaea. The leaves are bipinnate, 30 to 60 cm long, with 16 to 20 pinnae, each pinna with 20 to 40 oval leaflets 8 to 25 mm long and 4 to 10 mm broad. The flowers are yellow, 2.5 to 4 cm diameter, produced in large compound racemes up to 20 cm long. The fruit is a pod 5 to 10 cm long and 2.5 cm broad, red at first, ripening black, and containing one to four seeds. Trees begin to flower after about four years.

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  • Khajur
    Phoenix sylvestris
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    Species Information of Khajur

    Khajur

    Scientific Name : Phoenix sylvestris

    Common Name :Khajur

    Hindi Name :खजूर

    Kannada Name :Kharjura

    Tamil Name :பெருஈச்சம்

    Malyalam Name :

    Phoenix sylvestris (sylvestris - Latin, of the forest) also known as silver date palm, Indian date, sugar date palm or wild date palm.Phoenix sylvestris ranges from 4 to 15 m in height and 40 cm in diameter; not as large as the Canary Island Date Palm, but nearly so, and resembling it. The leaves are 3 m long, gently recurved, on 1 m petioles with acanthophylls near the base. The leaf crown grows to 10 m wide and 7.5 to 10 m tall containing up to 100 leaves. The inflorescence grows to 1 metre with white, unisexual flowers forming to a large, pendent infructescence. The single-seeded fruit ripens to a purple-red colour.

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  • Amla
    Phyllanthus emblica
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    Species Information of Amla

    Amla

    Scientific Name : Phyllanthus emblica

    Common Name :Amla

    Hindi Name :आमला

    Kannada Name :Nelli / Amalaka

    Tamil Name :நெல்லி

    Malyalam Name :Nelli

    This tree grows wild in forests. The fruit has large quantities of vitamin C, and is famously sour in taste.

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  • Jungle Jalebi
    Pithecellobium dulce
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    Species Information of Jungle Jalebi

    Jungle Jalebi

    Scientific Name : Pithecellobium dulce

    Common Name :Jungle Jalebi

    Hindi Name :जंगल जलेबी

    Kannada Name :Seeme hunase

    Tamil Name :கொடுக்காப்புளி

    Malyalam Name :

    Pithecellobium dulce is a tree that reaches a height of about 10 to 15 m (33 to 49 ft). Its trunk is spiny and its leaves are bipinnate. Each pinna has a single pair of ovate-oblong leaflets that are about 2 to 4 cm (0.79 to 1.57 in) long. The flowers are greenish-white, fragrant, sessile and reach about 12 cm (4.7 in) in length, though appear shorter due to coiling. The flowers produce a pod, which turns pink when ripe and opens to expose an edible pulp. The pulp contains black shiny seeds that are circular and flat. The seed is dispersed via birds that feed on the sweet pulp. The tree is drought resistant and can survive in dry lands from sea level to an elevation of 1,500 m (4,900 ft), making it suitable for cultivation as a street tree.

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  • Mast Tree
    Polyalthia longifolia
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    Species Information of Mast Tree

    Mast Tree

    Scientific Name : Polyalthia longifolia

    Common Name :Mast Tree

    Hindi Name :अशोक

    Kannada Name :Ashoka

    Tamil Name :நெட்டிலிங்கம்

    Malyalam Name :Arana

    This evergreen tree is rated by some as one of India's most beautiful trees, with the orange-red flowers in bunches among the dense, dark leaves. It is said that Buddha was born under an Ashoka tree, so this tree is sacred to the Buddhists. Hindus also have many sacred associations with this tree.

    71 / 103

  • Pongam Tree
    Pongamia pinnata
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    Species Information of Pongam Tree

    Pongam Tree

    Scientific Name : Pongamia pinnata

    Common Name :Pongam Tree

    Hindi Name :करंज,कन्जी

    Kannada Name :Honge

    Tamil Name :புங்கம்

    Malyalam Name :Ungu

    The seeds, root, bark, leaves and flowers all have various uses in traditional medicine so this is a valuable tree. A reddish oil extracted from the seeds called karanj oil is used to light lamps or as a lubricant for engines.

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  • Vilaiti Keekar
    Prosopis juliflora
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    Species Information of Vilaiti Keekar

    Vilaiti Keekar

    Scientific Name : Prosopis juliflora

    Common Name :Vilaiti Keekar

    Hindi Name :विलायती कीकर

    Kannada Name :bellari jali

    Tamil Name :வேலிக்கருவை

    Malyalam Name :mulla thumma

    Prosopis juliflora is a shrub or small tree.The mesquite tree grows to a height of up to 12 metres (39 ft) and has a trunk with a diameter of up to 1.2 metres (3.9 ft). Its leaves are deciduous, bi-pinnate, light green, compounded with 12 to 20 leaflets. Flowers appear shortly after leaf development. The flowers are in 5 to 10 cm long green-yellow cylindrical spikes, which occur in clusters of 2 to 5 at the ends of branches. Pods are 20 to 30 cm long and contain between 10 and 30 seeds per pod. A mature plant can produce hundreds of thousands of seeds. Seeds remain viable for up to 10 years. The tree reproduces by way of seeds, not vegetatively. Seeds are spread by cattle and other animals that consume the seed pods and spread the seeds in their droppings.

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  • Apricot tree
    Prunus armeniaca
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    Species Information of Apricot tree

    Apricot tree

    Scientific Name : Prunus armeniaca

    Common Name :Apricot tree

    Hindi Name :खुबानी

    Kannada Name :Jardalu

    Tamil Name :பூவரசு

    Malyalam Name :Mutta Pazham / Sheema Pazham

    An apricot is a fruit, or the tree that bears the fruit, of several species in the genus Prunus (stone fruits).

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  • Himalayan Cherry
    Prunus cerasoides
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    Species Information of Himalayan Cherry

    Himalayan Cherry

    Scientific Name : Prunus cerasoides

    Common Name :Himalayan Cherry

    Hindi Name :पदम

    Kannada Name :Jardalu

    Tamil Name :பூவரசு

    Malyalam Name :Mutta Pazham / Sheema Pazham

    A Himalayan tree found at elevations between 750-2400 m. Beautiful to look at when in full bloom and the fruit is good to eat when ripe.

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  • Plum tree
    Prunus domestica
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    Species Information of Plum tree

    Plum tree

    Scientific Name : Prunus domestica

    Common Name :Plum tree

    Hindi Name :आलू बुखारा

    Kannada Name :Jardalu

    Tamil Name :Allpakoda

    Malyalam Name :Mutta Pazham / Sheema Pazham

    Medium-sized tree growing upto 12 m tall.Flowers are white, and borne in clusters around April.Fruit is spherical or oval, varies among cultivars, but it is generally soft and juicy with a flavour ranging from very sweet to sour. It contains a single stony seed

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  • Peach tree
    Prunus persica
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    Species Information of Peach tree

    Peach tree

    Scientific Name : Prunus persica

    Common Name :Peach tree

    Hindi Name :आढू

    Kannada Name :Jardalu

    Tamil Name :Allpakoda

    Malyalam Name :Mutta Pazham / Sheema Pazham

    Small tree upto 10 m tall.Flowers are pink, solitary or paired, and have five petals. They are borne in early spring before fresh leaves emerge.Fruits are drupes, have yellowish flesh, and a velvety skin. Each contains a single large red-brown seed that is surrounded by a woody husk.

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  • Guava tree
    Psidium guajava
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    Species Information of Guava tree

    Guava tree

    Scientific Name : Psidium guajava

    Common Name :Guava tree

    Hindi Name :अमरूद

    Kannada Name :Seebe Hannu

    Tamil Name :Koiya pazham

    Malyalam Name :Peraka

    Small evergreen tree.Flowers are white, borne singly or in small clusters in leaf axils, and have 4-5 petals. They also have a prominent tuft of white stames supporting pale anthers.Bark is smooth, thin, copper-colored and flakes off, showing the greenish layer beneath.Fruit is round, ovoid, or pear-shaped, has light green skin, and studded with several tiny seeds in the flesh

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  • Kanak Champa
    Pterospermum acerifolium
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    Species Information of Kanak Champa

    Kanak Champa

    Scientific Name : Pterospermum acerifolium

    Common Name :Kanak Champa

    Hindi Name :कनक चम्पा, मचकुंद

    Kannada Name :

    Tamil Name :வெண்ணங்கு

    Malyalam Name :

    Pterospermum acerifolium is commonly referred to as Kanak Champa, Muchakunda or Karnikar Tree within its native range.It is a relatively a large tree, growing up to thirty meters tall. The large flowers are unique in shape and have an exotic fragrance. the grounded flower petals cure chronic headache. The outer sepal is of jack color and the inner cepal is of yellow color. The flower is funnel shaped and white. The whole flower gives the look of a designer garment. Huge leaves used as plates in India, where it is grown for shade and for valuable timber similar to oak and teak.

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  • Pomegranate
    Punica granatum
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    Species Information of Pomegranate

    Pomegranate

    Scientific Name : Punica granatum

    Common Name :Pomegranate

    Hindi Name :अनार

    Kannada Name :Dalimbre

    Tamil Name :மாதுளை

    Malyalam Name :

    The pomegranate, botanical name Punica granatum, is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree.A shrub or small tree growing 6 to 10 m high. P. granatum leaves are opposite or subopposite, glossy, narrow oblong, entire, 3 to 7 cm long and 2 cm broad. The flowers are bright red and 3 cm in diameter, with three to seven petals. Some fruitless varieties are grown for the flowers alone.The edible fruit is a berry, intermediate in size between a lemon and a grapefruit, 5 to 12 cm in diameter with a rounded shape and thick, reddish skin.

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  • Pear tree
    Pyrus pyrifolia
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    Species Information of Pear tree

    Pear tree

    Scientific Name : Pyrus pyrifolia

    Common Name :Pear tree

    Hindi Name :नाशपाती

    Kannada Name :Marasebu

    Tamil Name :Berikkai

    Malyalam Name :Sabarjil

    Small to medium-sized tree; upto 12 m tall with a round crown. Flowers are white, with five petals, and borne in clusters during early spring.

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  • Grey Oak
    Quercus leucotrichophora
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    Species Information of Grey Oak

    Grey Oak

    Scientific Name : Quercus leucotrichophora

    Common Name :Grey Oak

    Hindi Name :बांझ

    Kannada Name :

    Tamil Name :

    Malyalam Name :

    It is a tree having young shoots tomentose beneath, nerves straight, cuspidate serrate, scales of acorn imbricate. It is found at an altitude of 1200-2400m.

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  • Himalayan Rhododendron
    Rhododendron arboreum
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    Species Information of Himalayan Rhododendron

    Himalayan Rhododendron

    Scientific Name : Rhododendron arboreum

    Common Name :Himalayan Rhododendron

    Hindi Name :बुरांश,लाल बुरांश

    Kannada Name :Pu

    Tamil Name :Billi

    Malyalam Name :Kattupoo varasu

    This small evergreen tree is widely distributed across the Himalayas, and is one of the most famous species of rhododendron.

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  • Nilgiri Rhododendron
    Rhododendron nilagiricum
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    Species Information of Nilgiri Rhododendron

    Nilgiri Rhododendron

    Scientific Name : Rhododendron nilagiricum

    Common Name :Nilgiri Rhododendron

    Hindi Name :Buruns

    Kannada Name :

    Tamil Name :மலைப்பூவரசு, ஆழிஞ்சி

    Malyalam Name :

    Rhododendron arboreum, the tree rhododendron also known as burans or gurans, is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a showy display of bright red flowers.Its name means "tending to be woody or growing in a tree-like form". It has been recorded as reaching heights of up to 20 m. In early- and mid-spring, trusses of 15-20 bell-shaped flowers, 5 cm (2 in) wide and 3-5 cm (1.25 to 2 in) long are produced in red, pink or white. They have black nectar pouches and black spots inside.

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  • Rain tree
    Samanea saman
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    Species Information of Rain tree

    Rain tree

    Scientific Name : Samanea saman

    Common Name :Rain tree

    Hindi Name :Buruns

    Kannada Name :

    Tamil Name :தூங்குமுஞ்சி

    Malyalam Name :Mazha maram

    The Rain Tree is a native of Central America and the West Indies, but it is widely cultivated throughout the tropics. It was introduced into India from Jamaica.

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  • Sandalwood
    Santalum album
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    Species Information of Sandalwood

    Sandalwood

    Scientific Name : Santalum album

    Common Name :Sandalwood

    Hindi Name :चंदन

    Kannada Name :Gandhada mara

    Tamil Name :சந்தனம்

    Malyalam Name :Chandanam

    Santalum album or Indian sandalwood is a small tropical tree, and is the most commonly known source of sandalwood.The height of the evergreen tree is between 4 and 9 metres. It normally grows in sandy or stony red soils, but a wide range of soil types are inhabited. This habitat has a temperature range from 0 to 38 degree Celsius and annual rainfall between 500 and 3000 mm. S. album can grow up to 30 feet vertically. It should be planted in good sunlight and does not require a lot of water. The tree starts to flower after 7 years. When the tree is still young the flowers are white and with age they turn red or orange. The trunk of the tree starts to develop its fragrance after about 10 years of growth. The tree is parasitic so it gathers nutrients from its surrounding environment.

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  • True Ashoka
    Saraca asoca
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    Species Information of True Ashoka

    True Ashoka

    Scientific Name : Saraca asoca

    Common Name :True Ashoka

    Hindi Name :सीता अशोक

    Kannada Name :Ashoka

    Tamil Name :சந்தனம்

    Malyalam Name :Ashokam

    This evergreen tree is rated by some as one of India's most beautiful trees, with the orange-red flowers in bunches among the dense, dark leaves. It is said that Buddha was born under an Ashoka tree, so this tree is sacred to the Buddhists. Hindus also have many sacred associations with this tree.

    87 / 103

  • Sal
    Shorea robusta
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    Species Information of Sal

    Sal

    Scientific Name : Shorea robusta

    Common Name :Sal

    Hindi Name :साल

    Kannada Name :ashvakarna, asina, asu, bile-bhogimara

    Tamil Name :attam, venkungiliyam, kungiliyam

    Malyalam Name :Maramaram

    This tree is native to the Indian subcontinent.The sal tree is a hardwood timber tree, up to 30-35 m tall. The crown is spreading and spherical. Leaves are 20 cm long, simple, shiny and glabrous, delicate green, broadly oval at the base. Fruits are 1-1.5 cm large and ovoid.Sal seeds have various uses. They may be ground into a flour to make bread.

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  • African Tulip
    Spathodea campanulata
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    Species Information of African Tulip

    African Tulip

    Scientific Name : Spathodea campanulata

    Common Name :African Tulip

    Hindi Name :रगतूरा

    Kannada Name :lujjekaye, neerukayi mara

    Tamil Name :Patadi

    Malyalam Name :Panchut-panchut

    Spathodeais commonly known as the African tuliptree is a flowering plant .The tree grows between 7-25 m tall.This tree is planted extensively as an ornamental tree throughout the tropics and is much appreciated for its very showy reddish-orange or crimson (rarely yellow), campanulate flowers.The flower bud is ampule-shaped and contains water. These buds are often used by children who play with its ability to squirt the water. The sap sometimes stains yellow on fingers and clothes. The open flowers are cup-shaped and hold rain and dew, making them attractive to many species of birds.

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  • Wild Almond
    Sterculia foetida
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    Species Information of Wild Almond

    Wild Almond

    Scientific Name : Sterculia foetida

    Common Name :Wild Almond

    Hindi Name :Jungli Badam

    Kannada Name :Kaadu badami

    Tamil Name :பீநாரி

    Malyalam Name :Potakavalam

    Wild Almond Tree is a soft wooded tree that can grow up to 115 feet tall. The origin of the name of the bad-smelling Sterculia genus comes from the Roman god, Sterquilinus, who was the god of fertilizer or manure. The grey bark of the tree is brown-spotted and slightly wavy and also very smooth. Sometimes in the year, the pieces of bark get loosen and also fall.The leaves are placed at the end of branchlets; they have 12.5–23-cm-long petioles; the blades are palmately compound, containing 7-9 leaflets.The flowers are arranged in panicles, 10–15 cm long. The Wild Almond is a tall, straight and noble tree which takes a magnificent look when in the month of March and April; the leafage is at its fullest. Because of an extraordinary height of about 36m, this tree is calculated as one of the giant trees in India.

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  • Ghost Tree
    Sterculia urens
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    Species Information of Ghost Tree

    Ghost Tree

    Scientific Name : Sterculia urens

    Common Name :Ghost Tree

    Hindi Name :कुलु

    Kannada Name :

    Tamil Name :செந்தணுக்கு

    Malyalam Name :

    Sterculia urens is a species of plant in the family Malvaceae. It is native to India and has been introduced into Burma.Most of the trees in genus Sterculia have an erect, handsome trunk and the leaf shape and size vary from species to species. The flowers too differ in size, color and smell. From dull khaki green to bright yellow-orange and red-magenta blossoms when in bloom, look like tiny orchids.

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  • Jamun
    Syzygium cumini
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    Species Information of Jamun

    Jamun

    Scientific Name : Syzygium cumini

    Common Name :Jamun

    Hindi Name :जामुन

    Kannada Name :Nerle, Jam Nerle

    Tamil Name :நாவல்

    Malyalam Name :Njaval

    The delicious fruits of this tree stain your mouth black. The leaves, bark and seeds are used in traditional medicine; and the wood is used extensively in construction.

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  • Caribbean Trumpet Tree
    Tabebuia aurea
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    Species Information of Caribbean Trumpet Tree

    Caribbean Trumpet Tree

    Scientific Name : Tabebuia aurea

    Common Name :Caribbean Trumpet Tree

    Hindi Name :Basant Rani

    Kannada Name :thoongumoonji

    Tamil Name :

    Malyalam Name :

    It is a popular ornamental tree in subtropical and tropical regions, grown for its spectacular flower display on leafless shoots at the end of the dry season.

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  • Tamarind
    Tamarindus indica
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    Species Information of Tamarind

    Tamarind

    Scientific Name : Tamarindus indica

    Common Name :Tamarind

    Hindi Name :इमली

    Kannada Name :Hunse

    Tamil Name :புளி

    Malyalam Name :Puli

    This large tree with very small but dense leaves is believed to have come to India from East Africa many centuries ago. Today it is cultivated all over the warm parts of our country and appears like a local Indian tree.

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  • Teak
    Tectona grandis
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    Species Information of Teak

    Teak

    Scientific Name : Tectona grandis

    Common Name :Teak

    Hindi Name :सगुन,सागोन

    Kannada Name :Saaguvani

    Tamil Name :தேக்கு

    Malyalam Name :Thekku

    The large tree is world famous for its beautiful, strong, durable wood.

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  • Arjun
    Terminalia arjuna
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    Species Information of Arjun

    Arjun

    Scientific Name : Terminalia arjuna

    Common Name :Arjun

    Hindi Name :अर्जुन,कहूआ

    Kannada Name :Holematti

    Tamil Name :வெள்ளமருது, குலமருது

    Malyalam Name :Nirmarutu

    Terminalia arjuna is a commonly known as arjun tree in English.The arjuna is about 20–25 metres tall; usually has a buttressed trunk, and forms a wide canopy at the crown, from which branches drop downwards. It has oblong, conical leaves which are green on the top and brown below; smooth, grey bark; it has pale yellow flowers which appear between March and June; its glabrous, 2.5 to 5 cm fibrous woody fruit, divided into five wings, appears between September and November.

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  • Belleric Myrobalan
    Terminalia bellirica
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    Species Information of Belleric Myrobalan

    Belleric Myrobalan

    Scientific Name : Terminalia bellirica

    Common Name :Belleric Myrobalan

    Hindi Name :बहेड़ा

    Kannada Name :Santi, Thani, Thare

    Tamil Name :தானி

    Malyalam Name :Thani

    Terminalia bellirica, known as "Bahera" or Beleric or bastard myrobalan, is a large deciduous tree common on plains and lower hills in Southeast Asia, where it is also grown as an avenue tree. The leaves are about 15 cm long and crowded toward the ends of the branches. It is considered a good fodder for cattle.Flowers arise in spikes in leaf axils, 5-15 cm long. Flowers are greenish yellow, 5-6 mm across, stalklesse, upper flowers of the spike are male, lower flowers are bisexual. Stamens are 3-4 mm long. Fruit is obovoid 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter, covered with minute pale pubescence, stone very thick, indistinctly 5 angled

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  • Indian Almond
    Terminalia catappa
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    Species Information of Indian Almond

    Indian Almond

    Scientific Name : Terminalia catappa

    Common Name :Indian Almond

    Hindi Name :Desi Badam

    Kannada Name :Badami

    Tamil Name :நாட்டுவாதாம்

    Malyalam Name :Adamarrum

    Terminalia catappa is a large tropical tree in the leadwood tree family, Combretaceae, that grows mainly in the tropical regions of Asia, Africa, and Australia.It is known by the English common names country-almond, Indian-almond, Malabar-almond, sea-almond, tropical-almond and false kamani.The tree grows to 35 m (115 ft) tall, with an upright, symmetrical crown and horizontal branches. Terminalia catappa has corky, light fruit that are dispersed by water. The seed within the fruit is edible when fully ripe, tasting almost like almond. As the tree gets older, its crown becomes more flattened to form a spreading, vase shape. Its branches are distinctively arranged in tiers. The leaves are large, 15–25 cm long and 10–14 cm broad, ovoid, glossy dark green, and leathery. They are dry-season deciduous; before falling, they turn pinkish-reddish or yellow-brown, due to pigments such as violaxanthin, lutein, and zeaxanthin.

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  • Indian Laurel
    Terminalia tomentosa
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    Species Information of Indian Laurel

    Indian Laurel

    Scientific Name : Terminalia tomentosa

    Common Name :Indian Laurel

    Hindi Name :आसन, साज़

    Kannada Name :

    Tamil Name :கருமருது

    Malyalam Name :

    Terminalia elliptica is a species of Terminalia native to southern and southeast Asia in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam.t is a tree growing to 30 m tall, with a trunk diameter of 1 m. The fruit is ovoid, 3 cm long, with five wings not extending beyond the fruit apex.The bark is fire-resistant. The wood is coarse, fairly straight grained, dull to somewhat lustrous and without any smell or taste.

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  • Indian tulip tree
    Thespesia populnea
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    Species Information of Indian tulip tree

    Indian tulip tree

    Scientific Name : Thespesia populnea

    Common Name :Indian tulip tree

    Hindi Name :आढू

    Kannada Name :

    Tamil Name :கருமருது

    Malyalam Name :

    Medium sized tree with umbrella-shaped crown. maximum up to 10-12 meters.Flowers are about 8 cm long, bell shaped, singly or in pairs, 5 lemon-yellow, crinkly, overlapping petals with a deep maroon centre, fading to pink.Bark is dark brown, rough and deeply cracked and fissured. Fruits are a singly flattened sphere with a pointy apex, about 4 cm wide; greet at first, turning black.Leaves almost triangular with a broad base, upto 15 cm long.Flowers in the cold season, also throughout the year.Shed many leaves in February in less moist areas although evergreen in most areas.

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  • Indian Mahogany
    Toona ciliata
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    Species Information of Indian Mahogany

    Indian Mahogany

    Scientific Name : Toona ciliata

    Common Name :Indian Mahogany

    Hindi Name :तून

    Kannada Name :Tundu

    Tamil Name :சந்தனவேம்பு

    Malyalam Name :Mathagiri

    Toona ciliata is a forest tree in the mahogany family which grows throughout southern Asia from Afghanistan to Papua New Guinea and Australia.The species can grow to around 60 m in height and its trunk can reach 3 m in girth.The flowers yield a reddish or yellowish dye, which has been used in tropical Asia to colour silk. The bark may be used for tanning leather, and has been traditionally used to make twine and string bags.

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  • False white teak
    Trewia nudiflora
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    Species Information of False white teak

    False white teak

    Scientific Name : Trewia nudiflora

    Common Name :False white teak

    Hindi Name :पिण्डालु,नकली काशेर

    Kannada Name :kaadugumbala

    Tamil Name :arruppuvarachu

    Malyalam Name :niirkkatamp

    Deciduous dioecious trees to 20 m, bark greyish-brown, smooth; blaze creamy yellow; young parts tomentose. Leaves simple, opposite, decussate; stipules inter petiolar, 2-3 x 1 mm, linear lanceolate; petiole 3-12 cm long.

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  • Ber
    Ziziphus mauritiana
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    Species Information of Ber

    Ber

    Scientific Name : Ziziphus mauritiana

    Common Name :Ber

    Hindi Name :बेर

    Kannada Name :

    Tamil Name :இலந்தை

    Malyalam Name :Elentha

    Ziziphus mauritiana, also known as Chinese date,ber, Chinee/Chinkee apple, jujube, Indian plum, is a tropical fruit tree species belonging to the family Rhamnaceae.Ziziphus mauritiana is a spiny, evergreen shrub or small tree up to 15 m high, with trunk 40 cm or more in diameter; spreading crown; stipular spines and many drooping branches. The fruit is of variable shape and size. It can be oval, obovate, oblong or round, and can be 2.5-6.25 cm long, depending on the variety. The flesh is white and crisp. When slightly underipe, this fruit is a bit juicy and has a pleasant aroma. The fruit's skin is smooth, glossy, thin but tight.

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