SeasonWatch Species

  • White Babool
    Acacia leucophloea
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    Species Information of White Babool

    White Babool

    Scientific Name : Acacia leucophloea

    Common Name :White Babool

    Hindi Name :रौंझ्, सफेद बबूल
    Kannada Name :Nayibela
    Tamil Name :வெள்வேலம்
    Malyalam Name :വെൽവേലം

    This tree is 5 to 20 m high with a dense spheric crown, stems and branches usually dark to black coloured, fissured bark, grey-pinkish slash, exuding a reddish low quality gum.

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  • Babool
    Acacia nilotica
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    Species Information of Babool


    Scientific Name : Acacia nilotica

    Common Name :Babool

    Hindi Name :बबूल, कीकर
    Kannada Name :Babli
    Tamil Name :கருவேலம்
    Malyalam Name :Karuvelum

    Thin, straight, light grey spines present in axillary pairs, usually 3-12 pairs, 5-7.5 cm long in young trees, and mature trees commonly without thorns.

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  • Himalayan Maple
    Acer sterculiaceum
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    Species Information of Himalayan Maple

    Himalayan Maple

    Scientific Name : Acer sterculiaceum

    Common Name :Himalayan Maple

    Acer sterculiaceum is a species of maple tree in the sandalwood family.It is a tree up to 20 meters tall with dark gray or grayish-brown bark. Leaves are palmately lobed, usually with 3 or 5 lobes but occasionally 7. Leaves are up to 20 cm long, thick and a bit leathery, dark green and hairless on the top, lighter green and woolly on the underside.

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  • Wood Apple
    Aegle marmelos
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    Species Information of Wood Apple

    Wood Apple

    Scientific Name : Aegle marmelos

    Common Name :Wood Apple

    Hindi Name :बेल
    Kannada Name :ಬಿಲ್ಪತ್ರೆ ಮರ,Bilvapatre
    Tamil Name :வில்வம்
    Malyalam Name :വിളാങ്കായ്

    This is a very useful tree for various reasons. The tree is sacred to Hindus and the leaves are used in Shiva temples. Various parts of the tree are used for their tonic and antibiotic properties to cure a large range of ailments. The sweet pulp of the fruit is drunk as a refreshing sherbet. The leaves are used as fodder and the wood was used to create agricultural implements.

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  • Indian Horsechestnut
    Aesculus indica
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    Species Information of Indian Horsechestnut

    Indian Horsechestnut

    Scientific Name : Aesculus indica

    Common Name :Indian Horsechestnut

    Hindi Name :बनखोर, कनोर
    Kannada Name :Kanor, Kanur

    Native to the Himalayas, Indian Horse Chestnut is a tall, deciduous, spreading, shady tree, with a straight trunk, and branches in whorls. Its average height is 22 m; the girth of its trunk is about 1 m; its bark peels off upwards in narrow strips. The young shoots are minutely velvety, becoming hairless at maturity. The glossy leaves typically have seven leaflets arising from the same point on rather reddish stalks. The leaves are highly ornamental, and look like tiny umbrellas. The tree sheds its leaves during winter and the new growth starts in the last week of March. In April, the tree produces upright spikes of buds, and in May-June, the tree is decorated with upright panicles of white blooms. The panicles are about 40 cm long, containing over 300 flowers. These blooms are followed by the production of a spiny, green fruit which holds several brown seeds. Flowering: May-June.

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  • Tree of Heaven
    Ailanthus excelsa
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    Species Information of Tree of Heaven

    Tree of Heaven

    Scientific Name : Ailanthus excelsa

    Common Name :Tree of Heaven

    Hindi Name :महानिंब, महारुख़
    Tamil Name :பெருமரம்
    Malyalam Name :Mattipongilyam

    Indian Tree of Heaven is a large deciduous tree, 18-25 m tall; trunk straight, 60-80 cm in diameter; bark light grey and smooth, becoming grey-brown and rough on large trees, aromatic, slightly bitter. Leaves alternate, pinnately compound, large, 30-60 cm or more in length; leaflets 8-14 or more pairs, long stalked, ovate or broadly lance shaped from very unequal base, 6-10 cm long, 3-5 cm wide, often curved, long pointed, hairy gland; edges coarsely toothed and often lobed. Flower clusters droop at leaf bases, shorter than leaves, much branched; flowers many, mostly male and female on different trees, short stalked, greenish-yellow. Five sepals, 5 narrow petals spreading 6 mm across. Fruit a 1-seeded samara, lance shaped, flat, pointed at ends, 5 cm long, 1 cm wide, copper red, strongly veined, twisted at the base The genus name Ailanthus comes from ailanthos (tree of heaven), the Indonesian name for Ailanthus moluccana. Flowering: January-March

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  • Krishna Siris
    Albizia amara
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    Species Information of Krishna Siris

    Krishna Siris

    Scientific Name : Albizia amara

    Common Name :Krishna Siris

    Hindi Name :कृष्ण सिरिस,ललाई
    Kannada Name :Chigare
    Tamil Name :உசிலை
    Malyalam Name :Varacchi

    Krishna Siris, Albizia amara is a mid-sized, deciduous tree. The bark of the tree is grey in color and is grainy and scaly.The leaves consist of up to 15 pairs of side stalks and the leaflets are tiny and can consist of about 15-35 pairs. The flowers are whitish-yellow powder puffs with long stamens and golden pollen.The pods are flat and are about 20 cm long. The leaves thin out during February-March and are renewed in April. The flowers are present throughout May and the fruits ripen during October and November.

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  • Siris
    Albizia lebbeck
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    Species Information of Siris


    Scientific Name : Albizia lebbeck

    Common Name :Siris

    Hindi Name :ललाई,चिचोला
    Kannada Name :Baage
    Tamil Name :வாகை
    Malyalam Name :Vaka, Nenmenivaka, വാക

    Albizia lebbeck is a deciduous, perennial legume tree, upto 25 meter in height, with grey fissured corky bark, somewhat flaky, inner bark reddish. It is multi-stemmed when grown in the open but capable of producing a single straight stem when grown in plantations. The gray, cork-like bark is fissured and somewhat flaky. Leaves are Alternate, twice compound, with 2-6 pairs of pinnae, each pinna with 4-12 pairs of leaflets, leaflets elliptic-oblong, 2-4 cm long. Usually asymmetrical at base, dull green above, paler green below. Flowering and seeding occurs in the wet season, and unless the trees have been frequently coppiced, they will produce large amounts of seed every year. Flowers mimosa-like, in showy, rounded clusters near stem tips, 5-6 cm across, cream or yellowish-white, the numerous stamens are about 2 cm long.

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  • Black Siris
    Albizia odoratissima
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    Species Information of Black Siris

    Black Siris

    Scientific Name : Albizia odoratissima

    Common Name :Black Siris

    Hindi Name :kali siris
    Kannada Name :Kadu bage
    Tamil Name :Karuvagai, Poovusalai
    Malyalam Name :Karinthakara, Kunnivaka, Mellivaka, Nellivaga, Pulivaka

    a tall deciduous tree, has a greyish-brown, thick bark that is irregularly cracked. The leaves are compound, with even number of leaflets and appear feathery. Flowers are small and white, held in clusters resembling fluffy balls at the ends of branches. fruit is a flat pod which is brown when ripe.

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  • White Siris
    Albizia procera
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    Species Information of White Siris

    White Siris

    Scientific Name : Albizia procera

    Common Name :White Siris

    Hindi Name :सफ़ेद सिरिस,गुरार, चिचवी
    Kannada Name :Bili Baage/Belari
    Tamil Name :வெல்வாகை
    Malyalam Name :konda vagei, velvagai

    White Siris, Albizia procera. Other known common names are Forest Siris, Brown Albizia. And Silver Bark Rain Tree. Albizia procera or White Siris is widely harvested from the wild for its timber and is used in fuel wood plantations or as an ornamental tree. It is fast-growing, has an open canopy, and grows up to 30 m tall. Its bole may be straight or crooked, and can reach up to 60 cm in diameter. Leaves are cooked and eaten as vegetables. White Siris is known for its use in traditional medicine. Further, all of its parts are believed to have an anti-cancer function.

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  • Devil's Tree
    Alstonia scholaris
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    Species Information of Devil's Tree

    Devil's Tree

    Scientific Name : Alstonia scholaris

    Common Name :Devil's Tree

    Hindi Name :सप्तपर्णी
    Kannada Name :Doddapala
    Tamil Name :எழிலைபாலை
    Malyalam Name :Paala,Ezhilampala, എഴിലമ്പാല

    The name scholaris has come because in olden times the slates that chidren used were made from the soft wood of this tree. And the name Devil's tree in English and shaitan ka jhad in Hindi have probably come because this tree is shunned by animals because of its poisonous nature.

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  • Custard apple
    Annona squamosa
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    Species Information of Custard apple

    Custard apple

    Scientific Name : Annona squamosa

    Common Name :Custard apple

    Hindi Name :shareefa
    Kannada Name :ಸಿತಾಪಾಲ
    Tamil Name :சீதா மரம்
    Malyalam Name :sitapazham

    Medium to small deciduous shrub, leaves are thin and alternate on branches. Flowers are inconspicuous, greenish-yellow in colour. Fruits are edible when ripe, have a greenish-grey-black ridges surface, with sweet chalky pulp and numerous seeds

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  • Axlewood
    Anogeissus latifolia
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    Species Information of Axlewood


    Scientific Name : Anogeissus latifolia

    Common Name :Axlewood

    Hindi Name :धौरा,धौदा
    Kannada Name :bejjalu, dindala, dindhlu, dindiga
    Tamil Name :வெக்காளி, வெள்ளை நாகை
    Malyalam Name :malakanniram, vellanava, mazhkanjiram

    Axlewood tree, Anogeissus latifolia is a species of small to medium-sized tree native to the India. It is one of the most useful trees in India. Its leaves contain large amounts of gallotannins,and are used in India for tanning. The tree is the source of Indian gum, also known as ghatti gum, which is used for calico printing among other uses. The species name latifolia is in reference to its wider leaves. Trunk is straight and cylindrical or sometimes more poorly shaped, branchless for 8 m, up to 80 cm in diameter. Bark is smooth or with scales, pale to dark gray. Branches are drooping. Leaves are oppositey or nearly- oppositely arranged, simple, entire, with grayish-yellow or whitish hairs below.

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  • Kardhai
    Anogeissus pendula
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    Species Information of Kardhai


    Scientific Name : Anogeissus pendula

    Common Name :Kardhai

    Hindi Name :Kardhai

    A small deciduous tree with silvery bark that gets fissured with age. The leaves are simple. The flowers are greenish-white, very small and occur in clusters at the tips of branches. The fruits are also very small, single seeded (seed is winged) and dry when ripe

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  • Jackfruit
    Artocarpus heterophyllus
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    Species Information of Jackfruit


    Scientific Name : Artocarpus heterophyllus

    Common Name :Jackfruit

    Hindi Name :कटहल, कठल
    Kannada Name :Halasinahannu, Halasu
    Tamil Name :பலா
    Malyalam Name :Plavu പ്ലാവ്

    This is a large tree that has the largest fruit in the world. It is native to the Western Ghats but is now cultivated inmany others parts of the country

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  • Grey Mangrove
    Avicennia marina
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    Species Information of Grey Mangrove

    Grey Mangrove

    Scientific Name : Avicennia marina

    Common Name :Grey Mangrove

    Kannada Name :Ipati
    Tamil Name :வெள்ளைக்கண்டை, Kanna
    Malyalam Name :Orayi

    Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove.Grey mangroves grow as a shrub or tree to a height of three to ten metres, or up to 14 metres in tropical regions.The leaves are thick, five to eight centimetres long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or grey, with very small matted hairs on the surface below. The flowers range from white to a golden yellow color, are less than a cm across, and occur in clusters of 3-5. The fruit contains a large fleshy seed, often germinating on the tree and falling as a seedling.

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  • Neem
    Azadirachta indica
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    Species Information of Neem


    Scientific Name : Azadirachta indica

    Common Name :Neem

    Hindi Name :नीम
    Kannada Name :Bevu
    Tamil Name :வேப்ப மரம்
    Malyalam Name :Vepu

    Neem is a fast-growing tree that can reach a height of 15-20 m, rarely to 35-40 m. It is evergreen, but in severe drought it may shed most or nearly all of its leaves. The branches are wide spread. It blossoms in spring with the small white flowers. It has a straight trunk. Its bark is hard rough and scaly, fissured even in small trees. The color of the bark is brown grayish. The leaves are alternate and consist of several leaflets with serrated edges. Its flowers are small and white in color. The olive like edible fruit is oval, round and thin skinned. The Neem tree is noted for its drought resistance. Normally it thrives in areas with sub-arid to sub-humid conditions. Neem is a life-giving tree. It is one of the very few shade-giving trees that thrive in the drought-prone areas. The trees are not at all delicate about the water quality and thrive on the merest trickle of water, whatever the quality.

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  • Purple Bauhinia
    Bauhinia purpurea
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    Species Information of Purple Bauhinia

    Purple Bauhinia

    Scientific Name : Bauhinia purpurea

    Common Name :Purple Bauhinia

    Hindi Name :कनियार,केयोलर
    Kannada Name :Devakanchan
    Tamil Name :நீலத்திருவத்தி, மந்தாரை
    Malyalam Name :Mandaram

    There are many types of Bauhinias and their leaves and flowers look similar. It is relatively easy to tell the Purple bauhinia apart because the petals in its flower do not overlap. The pods of this tree burst open with a loud sound and the seeds get scattered up to 6 m away. The outer covers of the pods become spiral shaped after the seeds are thrown out.

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  • Jhinjheri
    Bauhinia racemosa
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    Species Information of Jhinjheri


    Scientific Name : Bauhinia racemosa

    Common Name :Jhinjheri

    Hindi Name :झिन्झेरी,आश्ता
    Kannada Name :aapta,aralukadumandara
    Tamil Name :ஆத்தி
    Malyalam Name :arampaali,kutabuli, malayaththi

    Bauhinia racemosa, commonly known as the Bidi leaf tree is a rare medicinal species of flowering shrub with religious significance. It is a small crooked tree with drooping branches that grows 3-5 metres tall and flowers between February and May.The leaves are used for making bidis. Small flowers are borne in loose racemes, 5-10 cm long. Flowers are about 1 cm, greenish white. Petal are 5, narrow lancelike, stamens 10. Pods 13 to 25 cms by 1.8-2.5 cms in size, generally curved, swollen, rigid. Seeds 12 to 20, glabrous, dark reddish brown or black, compressed, 8mm long.

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  • Semla
    Bauhinia retusa
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    Species Information of Semla


    Scientific Name : Bauhinia retusa

    Common Name :Semla

    Hindi Name :सेमला
    Kannada Name :goddu yaade
    Tamil Name :கதுமுனை ஆத்தி

    Bauhinia Retusa is beautiful tree is native to Northern India and Nepal. The blooms measure about 1 feet across and are cream in color with dark purple accents. Flowers appear towards the end of summer and throughout fall. It can grow over 20 feet tall, and have roundish leaves shaped like camel hooves. It is semi-deciduous.

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  • Red Silk Cotton
    Bombax ceiba
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    Species Information of Red Silk Cotton

    Red Silk Cotton

    Scientific Name : Bombax ceiba

    Common Name :Red Silk Cotton

    Hindi Name :सिमल,सेमरा
    Kannada Name :Booruga
    Tamil Name :முள் இலவம், மலை இலவம்
    Malyalam Name :Mulilavu, Poola, മുള്ളിലവ്

    This tree has branches coming out in all directions and has many levels at which these branches come out like the ribs of many umbrellas one on top of the other. The large flowers are pollinated by birds, and after they fall on the forest floor, are eaten with relish by wild animals. The woody fruit bursts open to release hundreds of seeds attached to sliky fibres, that are wafted away in the wind.

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  • Toddy Palm
    Borassus flabellifer
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    Species Information of Toddy Palm

    Toddy Palm

    Scientific Name : Borassus flabellifer

    Common Name :Toddy Palm

    Hindi Name :ताड़
    Kannada Name :Tale Hannu
    Tamil Name :பனை மரம், Taalam
    Malyalam Name :Karimpaana, കരിമ്പാന

    Toddy palm, Borassus flabellifer is a native - India and Malaysia. Its is as valuable as the coconut to many coastal people. All parts of the tree are used. The palm grows to a height of 20 meters. The trunk diameter can be as much as one meter.The leaf crown is 6 to seven meters tall and wide. Leaves are 2.5 to 3 meters in diameter on a 1.5 to 2 meter long stalk. Trunks are used as building material. The leaves are used for making baskets and mats. Also used for making food, beverage, pollen for bee-keepers. Flower are followed by large 6-8 inch diameter fruit are rounded brown. The fruit is delicious. The new growing embryos and seelings too are a delicacy.

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  • Indian frankinscence
    Boswellia serrata
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    Species Information of Indian frankinscence

    Indian frankinscence

    Scientific Name : Boswellia serrata

    Common Name :Indian frankinscence

    Hindi Name :Shallaki, Salai 
    Kannada Name :Madi, Chitta, Dhupada mara
    Tamil Name :Kungiliyam, Kungli, Andaka, Guggulu maram
    Malyalam Name :Palankam

    up to 20 m high, the Indian frankinscence tree is deciduous in the dry season. It's bark is yellowish-white with dark blotches and has papery flakes. The leaves are compound with odd number of leaflets. Flowers are small and white with 5-7 petals. The fruit is a drupe with 3 hard-coated seeds

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  • Chirauli nut
    Buchnania cochinchinensis
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    Species Information of Chirauli nut

    Chirauli nut

    Scientific Name : Buchnania cochinchinensis

    Common Name :Chirauli nut

    Hindi Name :Chaar
    Kannada Name :Kole maavu
    Tamil Name :Charam
    Malyalam Name :Moongapeezh

    A medium sized tree with a dark colored bark and long leaves that are extremely hairy when young and smooth and shiny when mature. Flowers are small and arranges in terminal branch clusters. Fruits are green when unripe and become purple when ripe. The fruit is edible.

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  • Flame of the Forest
    Butea monosperma
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    Species Information of Flame of the Forest

    Flame of the Forest

    Scientific Name : Butea monosperma

    Common Name :Flame of the Forest

    Hindi Name :पलाश, ढाक
    Kannada Name :Muttuga
    Tamil Name :பொரசு
    Malyalam Name :Plasu, Chamatha, പ്ലാസ്‌

    Native to India, Flame of the Forest is a medium sized tree, growing from 20 to 4O feet high, and the trunk is usually crooked and twisted with irregular branches and rough, grey bark. The leaves are pinnate, with an 8-16 cm petiole and three leaflets, each leaflet 10-20 cm long.

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  • Bottle brush
    Callistemon viminalis
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    Species Information of Bottle brush

    Bottle brush

    Scientific Name : Callistemon viminalis

    Common Name :Bottle brush

    Hindi Name :Cheel

    Belongs to the same family as Eucalyptus and Jamun. Phenology may vary depending on geographic location of the tree

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  • Black Dammer
    Canarium strictum
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    Species Information of Black Dammer

    Black Dammer

    Scientific Name : Canarium strictum

    Common Name :Black Dammer

    Hindi Name :धूप
    Kannada Name :Nalla rojanamu
    Tamil Name :கருங்குங்கிலியம்
    Malyalam Name :Pantham, Pantappayan, Thelli, Viraka, Thellippayin

    Canarium strictum - Black dammar is found in moist deciduous to semi-evergreen forests, in Western ghats, up to the altitude of 1400 meters, grows up to 40 meters tall. Leaves are bipinnate, oppositely arranged and sized 5 inches in length and 2-2.5 inch wide, young leaves are reddish brown it became green when old, the is scaly and thick when get wound a brownish secretion produces which is used to fuming to repel mosquitoes.

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  • Fish-tail Palm
    Caryota urens
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    Species Information of Fish-tail Palm

    Fish-tail Palm

    Scientific Name : Caryota urens

    Common Name :Fish-tail Palm

    Hindi Name :मारि
    Kannada Name :Bayne, Bagani
    Tamil Name :கூந்தல்பனை
    Malyalam Name :Anapana

    Caryota urens is a species of flowering plant in the palm family from the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia where they grow in fields and rainforest clearings.Caryota urens species is a solitary-trunked tree that measure up to 12 m in height and up to 30 cm wide. Widely spaced leaf-scar rings cover its gray trunk which culminate in a 6 m wide, 6 m tall leaf crown. The bipinnate leaves are triangular in shape, bright to deep green, 3.5 m long, and held on 60 cm long petioles. The obdeltoid pinnae are 30 cm long with a pointed edge and a jagged edge.The 3 m long inflorescences emerge at each leaf node, from top to bottom, producing pendent clusters of white, unisexual flowers. The fruit matures to a round, 1 cm drupe, red in color with one seed. Like all Caryotas, the fruit contains oxalic acid, a skin and membrane irritant. As these plants are monocarpic, the completion of the flower and fruiting process results in the death of the tree.

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  • Indian Laburnum
    Cassia fistula
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    Species Information of Indian Laburnum

    Indian Laburnum

    Scientific Name : Cassia fistula

    Common Name :Indian Laburnum

    Hindi Name :अमलतास
    Kannada Name :Kakke
    Tamil Name :சரக்கொன்னை
    Malyalam Name :Kanikonna

    This is the State flower of Kerala.There are concerns that this flower which plays an important role in the Vishu celebrations (Malayali New Year), may not be available in April. It is called the Kani Poo in Tamil and Malayalam as it flowers only in April, and exactly during the Vishu festival, when this flower is considered to be a must in the decoration.

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  • White Silk Cotton
    Ceiba pentandra
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    Species Information of White Silk Cotton

    White Silk Cotton

    Scientific Name : Ceiba pentandra

    Common Name :White Silk Cotton

    Hindi Name :सफेद सिमल
    Kannada Name :Dudi
    Tamil Name :eelavam, ulakamaram
    Malyalam Name :Panjimaram, പന്ജുമരമ്

    Ceiba pentandra is a tropical tree.The tree grows to 25 m high.Trunks can often be up to 3 m in diameter above the extensive buttresses.The trees produce several hundred 15 cm pods containing seeds surrounded by a fluffy, yellowish fibre that is a mix of lignin and cellulose.Leaves digitately compound, alternate, gathered towards the apex of branchlets.Flowers bisexual, creamy white, usually in clusters of 3-10, axillary or grouped towards the ends of leafless branchlets.

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  • Floss Silk Tree
    Ceiba speciosa
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    Species Information of Floss Silk Tree

    Floss Silk Tree

    Scientific Name : Ceiba speciosa

    Common Name :Floss Silk Tree

    Hindi Name :Resham Rui

    Silk floss tree is an awkwardly branched 30-60 ft (9.1-18.3 m) tree with pale green leaves palmately divided into 5-7 pointed leaflets. The young trees start out growing fast, straight, and narrow, then slowly develop broadly spreading umbrella canopies as they age. The bulbous green trunk is covered with big blunt warty triangular spines and turns gray as the tree gets older. Silk floss trees typically drop their leaves just before they put on their spectacular autumn display of five-petaled flowers. The petals vary from pale pink to rose to purple or burgundy at the tips and grade into ivory with brownish spots or blotches at the base. The flowers are followed by pear shaped capsules filled with many seeds embedded in silky white floss.Silk floss tree, Chorisia speciosa native to Brazil and Argentina, but it is cultivated in many tropical areas.

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  • East Indian satinwood
    Chloroxylon swietenia
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    Species Information of East Indian satinwood

    East Indian satinwood

    Scientific Name : Chloroxylon swietenia

    Common Name :East Indian satinwood

    An adaptable tree of dry mixed forests that grows on different soil types. Leaves about 20 cm long, with 20-40 pairs of leaflets that turn striking yellow before falling. Flowers in clusters, white, with 5 spoon-shaped petals and 10 stamens lending them a starry appearance. Fruits a capsule that turns woody brown when dehisces. Bark is flanked with corky tissue which s an adpatation to fires.

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  • Pomelo tree
    Citrus maxima
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    Species Information of Pomelo tree

    Pomelo tree

    Scientific Name : Citrus maxima

    Common Name :Pomelo tree

    Hindi Name :Chakotara
    Kannada Name :Chakota Hannu
    Tamil Name :Pampalimasu, பம்ப்லிமாஸ்
    Malyalam Name :Pamparamasam, പമ്പരമാസം

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  • Yellow Silk Cotton
    Cochlospermum religiosum
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    Species Information of Yellow Silk Cotton

    Yellow Silk Cotton

    Scientific Name : Cochlospermum religiosum

    Common Name :Yellow Silk Cotton

    Hindi Name :गलगल
    Kannada Name :Arasina Booruga
    Tamil Name :தணுக்கு Kattuparutti, கட்டுப்றுத்தி
    Malyalam Name :seemapanjimaram, Chembanji

    buttercups. The bark is smooth and pale grey, bark 20-25 mm thick, surface dark grey, fibrous; branchlets thick. It is sparsely clothed with leaves and sheds them at the height of the flowering season. Leaves glabrous above, densely brownish tomentose below, the arrangement is alternate distichous, Leaf Base is Chordate. The leaves appear at the tips of the branches leaves simple, palmately 3-5 lobed, alternate, estipulate; petiole 6-20 cm long.The flowers of the Buttercup tree are the most conspicuous part of the tree. Flowers bisexual, buttercup shaped and bright yellow.The fruits are brown and oval shaped. They come in the form of a capsule made up of five segments. The capsule splits open to release the seeds which are embedded in the silky cotton contained within. Fruits like a capsule.The flowering season is between February and April.

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  • Coconut palm
    Cocos nucifera
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    Species Information of Coconut palm

    Coconut palm

    Scientific Name : Cocos nucifera

    Common Name :Coconut palm

    Hindi Name :Naariyal
    Kannada Name :ತೆಂಗಿನ ಕಾಯಿ
    Tamil Name :தென்னை மரம்

    A large and magestic palm with prominent yellow-orange inflorescence and edible, hard-shelled fruits. The trunk has characteristic transverse ridges (which are old leaf bases)

    35 / 138

  • Mountain Coffee
    Coffea arabica
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    Species Information of Mountain Coffee

    Mountain Coffee

    Scientific Name : Coffea arabica

    Common Name :Mountain Coffee

    Hindi Name :coffee
    Kannada Name :coffee
    Tamil Name :காபி
    Malyalam Name :kappy

    Coffea arabica is a species of Coffea originally indigenous to the forests of the southwestern highlands of Ethiopia. It is also known as the "coffee shrub of Arabia", "mountain coffee", or "arabica coffee". These plants grow between 9 and 12 m tall, and have an open branching system; the leaves are opposite, simple elliptic-ovate to oblong, 6 to 12 cm long and 4-8 cm broad, glossy dark green. The flowers are white, 10-15 mm in diameter and grow in axillary clusters. The seeds are contained in a drupe (commonly called a "cherry") 10-15 mm in diameter, maturing bright red to purple and typically contains two seeds (the coffee beans).

    36 / 138

  • Robusta Coffee
    Coffea robusta
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    Species Information of Robusta Coffee

    Robusta Coffee

    Scientific Name : Coffea robusta

    Common Name :Robusta Coffee

    Hindi Name :coffee
    Kannada Name :coffee
    Tamil Name :காபி
    Malyalam Name :kappy

    Coffea canephora commonly known as robusta coffee, is a species of coffee that has its origins in central and western sub-Saharan Africa. The plant has a shallow root system and grows as a robust tree or shrub to about 10 metres. It flowers irregularly, taking about 10-11 months for cherries to ripen, producing oval-shaped beans.

    37 / 138

  • Pink pearl tree
    Cordia dichotoma
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    Species Information of Pink pearl tree

    Pink pearl tree

    Scientific Name : Cordia dichotoma

    Common Name :Pink pearl tree

    Hindi Name :गुन्दा Gunda, बहूआर Bahuar
    Kannada Name :ಚಳ್ಳೆ ಹಣ್ಣು Challe Hannu
    Tamil Name :விரிசு Viricu, நறுவல்லி Naru-valli
    Malyalam Name :നറുവേലി Naruveeli, വിരശം Virasam, വിരി Viri

    Small deciduous tree with a greyish brown, wrinkled bark. Flowers are borne on short stalks and fruits are yelow or pink whe unripe, turning back when ripe

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  • Large Sebesten, Bairola
    Cordia wallichii
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    Species Information of Large Sebesten, Bairola

    Large Sebesten, Bairola

    Scientific Name : Cordia wallichii

    Common Name :Large Sebesten, Bairola

    Hindi Name :लसोड़ा
    Kannada Name :Chandle
    Tamil Name :Pazahan Thekku பழந்தெக்குNaamaviri
    Malyalam Name :virimaram വിരിമരം, periyaviri

    Deciduous trees, to 15 m high, bark brown to brownish-black, corky; branchlets densely pubescent. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 30-50 mm long. Flowers polygamous, creamy white.fruit a drupe, up to 15 mm, yellowish red, with sticky pulp.

    39 / 138

  • Tanner's Tree
    Coriaria nepalensis
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    Species Information of Tanner's Tree

    Tanner's Tree

    Scientific Name : Coriaria nepalensis

    Common Name :Tanner's Tree

    Hindi Name :मसूरिया, गंगारा

    Coriaria nepalensis,Tanner's Tree is a shrub growing in the foot hills of Himalayas. It blooms in spring and has beautiful yellow flowers and red fruits in summer.It is a shrub, 1.5-2.5 metres tall. Flowers are in groups and they are male or female but in the same plant; their color is yellow. It blooms from February to May. Fruits are red to dark purple when mature. They look like berries but they are small nuts (achenes) protected by enlarged and colored petals. Fruits are produced from May to August but they cannot be eaten because their seeds are poisonous.

    40 / 138

  • Cannonball tree
    Couropita guianensis
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    Species Information of Cannonball tree

    Cannonball tree

    Scientific Name : Couropita guianensis

    Common Name :Cannonball tree

    Hindi Name :Tope-gola
    Kannada Name :Lingada Mara
    Tamil Name :Naagalingam

    The Cannonball tree is a large, stately tree with a dark brown bark and glossy simple leaves. The flowers occur on long branches all over the tree trunk, are very large, with 6 leathery petals and extremely fragrant. The arrangement of petals is reminiscent of a multi-headed serpent guarding a shiva-linga, giving the tree the same common name in different Indian languages. The other common name of cannon-ball is due to the extremely large and woody, spherical fruits which take a long time to mature and are thus seen persistent on tree trunks.

    41 / 138

  • Garlic-pear tree
    Crataeva religiosa
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    Species Information of Garlic-pear tree

    Garlic-pear tree

    Scientific Name : Crataeva religiosa

    Common Name :Garlic-pear tree

    Hindi Name :Varuna, Barun
    Kannada Name :Nirvaala
    Tamil Name :Maralingam
    Malyalam Name :Neermathalam, Neerval, Mavulangam 

    A tree that can grow up to 15 m high, has glossy leaves and a white-spotted bark. Leaves are compound with three leaflets. Large showey flowers have 4 petals (two small and two large) and a profusion of anthers. The fruits are fleshy with a yellow pulp that smells like garlic.

    42 / 138

  • Takoli
    Dalbergia lanceolaria
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    Species Information of Takoli


    Scientific Name : Dalbergia lanceolaria

    Common Name :Takoli

    Hindi Name :टकोली,धमासी
    Kannada Name :Bili Beete
    Tamil Name :வெளங்கு,Erigai ஏரிகை
    Malyalam Name :Vellitti, വെള്ളീട്ടി

    Dalbergia lanceolaria is a species of legume in the Fabaceae family native to India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Burma. It is a medium-sized tree. The bark of the tree is traditionally used as an analgesic and anti-diarrhoeal.

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  • Indian Rosewood
    Dalbergia sissoo
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    Species Information of Indian Rosewood

    Indian Rosewood

    Scientific Name : Dalbergia sissoo

    Common Name :Indian Rosewood

    Hindi Name :शीशम
    Kannada Name :Beete
    Tamil Name :Totakatti
    Malyalam Name :Eitti

    Dalbergia sissoo, known commonly as Indian Rosewood, is a slow-growing, hardy deciduous rosewood tree native to the Indian Subcontinent and Southern Iran. D. Sissoo is a large, crooked tree with long, leathery leaves and whitish or pink flowers. It can grow up to a maximum of 25 m in height and 2 to 3 m (6 ft 7 in to 9 ft 10 in) in diameter, but is usually smaller. Trunks are often crooked when grown in the open. Leaves are leathery, alternate, pinnately compound and about 15 cm (5.9 in) long. Flowers are whitish to pink, fragrant, nearly sessile, up to 1.5 cm (0.59 in) long and in dense clusters 5-10 cm (2.0-3.9 in) in length. Pods are oblong, flat, thin, strap-like 4-8 cm (1.6-3.1 in) long, 1 cm (0.39 in) wide and light brown.

    44 / 138

  • Gulmohur
    Delonix regia
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    Species Information of Gulmohur


    Scientific Name : Delonix regia

    Common Name :Gulmohur

    Hindi Name :गुलमोहर
    Kannada Name :Kempu torai
    Tamil Name :மயில்கொன்றை, Neruppukonnai நெருப்பு கொன்னை
    Malyalam Name :Gulmohur

    This common tree of roadsides and avenues, with its beautiful flowers, is grown all over India, but is a native of the forests of Madagascar.

    45 / 138

  • Elephant Apple
    Dillenia indica
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    Species Information of Elephant Apple

    Elephant Apple

    Scientific Name : Dillenia indica

    Common Name :Elephant Apple

    Hindi Name :चलता, करमबेल
    Kannada Name :Bettadakanigala
    Tamil Name :Kattaral கட்டரால், Ugakkay
    Malyalam Name :Vazhchpunna, വാഴ്ചപുന്ന

    Dillenia indica, commonly known as elephant apple is a species of Dillenia.It is an evergreen large shrub or small to medium-sized tree growing to 15 m tall. The leaves are 15 to 36 cm long, with a conspicuously corrugated surface with impressed veins. Its branches are used to make good firewood. The flowers are large, 15 to 20 cm diameter, with five white petals and numerous yellow stamens. Its characteristic round fruits are large, greenish yellow, have many seeds and are edible. The fruit is a 5 to 12 cm diameter aggregate of 15 carpels, each carpel containing five seeds embedded in an edible but fibrous pulp.

    46 / 138

  • Karkat
    Dillenia pentagyna
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    Species Information of Karkat


    Scientific Name : Dillenia pentagyna

    Common Name :Karkat

    Hindi Name :करमल,सुआरूख़
    Kannada Name :kaadu kanigalu
    Tamil Name :punnai vakai
    Malyalam Name :pattippunna

    Dillenia is a genus of about 100 species of flowering plants in the family Dilleniaceae.The leaves are simple and spirally arranged. The flowers are solitary, or in terminal racemes, with five sepals and five petals, numerous stamens, and a cluster of five to 20 carpels; they are superficially similar in appearance to Magnolia flowers.

    47 / 138

  • Chinese lantern tree
    Dischrostachys cineria
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    Species Information of Chinese lantern tree

    Chinese lantern tree

    Scientific Name : Dischrostachys cineria

    Common Name :Chinese lantern tree

    Hindi Name :Kheri
    Kannada Name :Vadavarda gida
    Tamil Name :Vedathalla
    Malyalam Name :Vidatthal, Vedathala

    This is a small tree found in arid parts of India and has thorny branches. Leaves are bipinnately compound. The drooping inflorecence is bicoloured, flowers with pink stamens appear at the base while flowers with yellow stamens appear towards the tip (the scientific name of this tree is derived from this characteristic). The fruits are edible, coiled pods.

    48 / 138

  • Duabanga
    Duabanga grandiflora
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    Species Information of Duabanga


    Scientific Name : Duabanga grandiflora

    Common Name :Duabanga

    Hindi Name :khokhon

    Duabanga is a tall deciduous fast growing tree Large tree, scarcely buttressed, able to grow up to about 18 to 30 m tall, sometimes reaching 40 m in its natural habitat. Branches tend to spread out horizontally in all directions and drooping from the trunk. Large green oblong leaves, opposite arrangement, measuring about 12 to15 cm long and 5 to 7 cm wide, petiole about 1.2 cm long, young leaves are reddish pink.Flowers are white 6 petaled flowers borne on a drooping corymb inflorescence from the ends of branches, each flower about 5 - 6 cm wide, unpleasant smell, numerous stamens.Fruit is a subglobose capsule about 2 - 4 cm long and 4 cm wide, turns from green to brownish-orange when ripen, contains many small seeds.

    49 / 138

  • Indian Coral
    Erythrina indica
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    Species Information of Indian Coral

    Indian Coral

    Scientific Name : Erythrina indica

    Common Name :Indian Coral

    Hindi Name :पंगार
    Kannada Name :Halvana, Paarivala
    Tamil Name :கல்யாண முருங்கை,முருக்கு murukku
    Malyalam Name :Mullumurikku

    A beautiful ornamental tree that is planted in gardens and parks, the flowers of this tree are bright red and striking. A variety of birds are visitors to the coral tree when it is in flower.The flowers appear when the tree is completely bare of leaves.

    50 / 138

  • Banyan
    Ficus bengalensis
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    Species Information of Banyan


    Scientific Name : Ficus bengalensis

    Common Name :Banyan

    Hindi Name :बरगद, बढ़
    Kannada Name :Aala
    Tamil Name :ஆலமரம்
    Malyalam Name :Aalamaram

    Ficus benghalensis, commonly known as the banyan, banyan fig and Indian banyan is a tree native to the Indian Subcontinent.Banyan trees are one of the largest trees in the world and grow up to 20-25 m with branches spreading up to 100 m. it has a massive trunk that has smooth greyish brown bark and is fluted. They have very powerful roots that can penetrate very hard surfaces like concrete and even stones sometimes. Older banyan trees are characterized by emergence of aerial prop roots that are thin and fibrous when new, but develop into thick branchlike appearance once they are old and firmly rooted onto the soil. These aerial prop roots offer support to the huge canopy of the tree. The banyan tree generally grows around an existing tree for initial support and drives it roots within it. As the banyan tree matures, the mesh of roots exerts tremendous pressure on the support tree, it eventually dies and the remains rot away leaving a hollow central column inside the main tree trunk.

    51 / 138

  • Soft fig
    Ficus mollis
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    Species Information of Soft fig

    Soft fig

    Scientific Name : Ficus mollis

    Common Name :Soft fig

    Hindi Name :Kamarup
    Kannada Name :Kallatthi, Itti
    Tamil Name :Kattarasu
    Malyalam Name :Itchi 

    The soft fig is a deciduous tree that can grow up to 15m in height. It has a grey-white, smooth bark. The leaves are simple and have a grey hairy underside. Like all figs, the flowers of this tree are also not visible, as they are hidden inside fleshy 'syconia' present in pairs at the base of leaves. Ripe syconia are hairy and grey in colour.

    52 / 138

  • Country Fig
    Ficus racemosa
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    Species Information of Country Fig

    Country Fig

    Scientific Name : Ficus racemosa

    Common Name :Country Fig

    Hindi Name :गूलर,दूमर
    Kannada Name :Atti mara
    Tamil Name :வெள்ளை அத்தி
    Malyalam Name :Atti

    This is a large fig tree, whose fruits are eaten by many birds and mammals. The bark is often pock-marked with dark craters. The flowers are inside the fruits, as in all figs, and so cannot be seen from the outside.

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  • Peepal
    Ficus religiosa
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    Species Information of Peepal


    Scientific Name : Ficus religiosa

    Common Name :Peepal

    Hindi Name :पीपल
    Kannada Name :arali,
    Tamil Name :அரசமரம்
    Malyalam Name :Arayal

    This is a well-known tree across India. It is said that Gautama Buddha became enlightened meditating under one of these trees in Bodh Gaya in Bihar. It is a fig tree, and like all figs, you cannot see the flowers because they are inside the fruits.

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  • Garuga, Kharpat
    Garuga pinnata
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    Species Information of Garuga, Kharpat

    Garuga, Kharpat

    Scientific Name : Garuga pinnata

    Common Name :Garuga, Kharpat

    Hindi Name :खरपात,केकड़
    Kannada Name :aranelli, biligadde, kaashthanelli
    Tamil Name :கருவேம்பு, Arunelli ஆர்நெல்லி
    Malyalam Name :Kosramba, annakaara,kaattunelli

    Garuga pinnata is a deciduous tree species from the family Burseraceae.Leaves are pinnate, 6-18 in. long, with 6-10 pairs of leaflets and a lone one at the tip. Leaflets are opposite or nearly so, 3-6 in. long, lance-shaped, with a tapering tip, toothed margin, softly hairy when young, ultimately smooth. Flowers are small, creamy white or yellow, in much branched, velvety pinnacles in leaf axils or at the ends of the branches.

    55 / 138

  • Quickstick
    Gliricidia sepium
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    Species Information of Quickstick


    Scientific Name : Gliricidia sepium

    Common Name :Quickstick

    Kannada Name :Gobbarada Mara
    Tamil Name :விவசாயத் தகரை
    Malyalam Name :Seema konna

    Gliricidia sepium grows to a height of 2-15 m, has a medium crown and may be single or multistemmed. The bark colour is variable but is mainly greyish-brown, and it can be much fissured. The tree has deep roots when mature. Leaves are alternate and pinnate with (min. 7) 13-21 (max. 25) leaflets, papery, oblong with a distinctive pointed tip. Leaflet size increases towards the distal end of the leaf. At maturity, the upper surface ranges from smooth and hairless to bristly and usually has no tanniniferous patches. The lower surface can also be smooth and hairless or bristly but commonly has purplish tanniniferous patches concentrated toward the centre of the lamina. Flowers arranged on conspicuously short, upward-curving to erect inflorescences, which are usually pink, fading to whitish-brown or pale purple with age. Pods explosively dehiscent, strongly laterally compressed and pale green or reddish-pink when unripe, turning pale yellow-brown when fully ripe.

    56 / 138

  • Gamar
    Gmelina arborea
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    Species Information of Gamar


    Scientific Name : Gmelina arborea

    Common Name :Gamar

    Hindi Name :गम्हड़,ख़मेर,गमारी
    Kannada Name :Shivani, Kumbudi
    Tamil Name :Perunkumizhu பெருங்குமிழ்
    Malyalam Name :Kumbil കുമ്പില്‍, Kumizhu കുമിഴ്

    This tree is best known for its wood which is sometimes called white teak.

    57 / 138

  • Indian Elm
    Holoptelea integrifolia
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    Species Information of Indian Elm

    Indian Elm

    Scientific Name : Holoptelea integrifolia

    Common Name :Indian Elm

    Hindi Name :चिलबिल, पपड़ी,चिरहोल
    Kannada Name :Thavasai
    Tamil Name :ஆயா
    Malyalam Name :Aaval

    This is a very large tree, found across India. The wood is soft and light.

    58 / 138

  • Jacaranda
    Jacaranda mimosifolia
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    Species Information of Jacaranda


    Scientific Name : Jacaranda mimosifolia

    Common Name :Jacaranda

    Hindi Name :नीली गुलमोहर
    Tamil Name :ஜக்கரண்டா

    Jacaranda tree is a nice and striking tree that can grow up to 18 metres at the highest. The tree contains large leaves that are separated into tiny sections and as a whole, it has the shape of a nicely cut branch. The tree normally flowers for a very short period starting from the month of March to May. But some exceptional trees do flower even out of the season. From beginning to end, every tree is wrapped in blue.

    59 / 138

  • Walnut
    Juglans regia
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    Species Information of Walnut


    Scientific Name : Juglans regia

    Common Name :Walnut

    Hindi Name :अखरोट

    A Himalayan tree that in forests becomes 25-30 m tall with a clear long trunk and is indigenous at elevations between 1400-3500 m.

    60 / 138

  • Sausage Tree
    Kigelia africana
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    Species Information of Sausage Tree

    Sausage Tree

    Scientific Name : Kigelia africana

    Common Name :Sausage Tree

    Hindi Name :झाड़ फ़ानूस
    Kannada Name :Sasega, Aanethoradu Kaayi
    Tamil Name :Mara sorakkai மறசொருக்கை, Yaanai pudukan யானை புடுகண்
    Malyalam Name :Shiva kundalam ശിവ കൂന്ദളം

    Sausage Tree, Kigelia africana is a genus of flowering plants in the family Bignoniaceae.It''s common name is sausage tree.It is a tree growing up to 20 m (66 feet) tall. The bark is grey and smooth at first, peeling on older trees. It can be as thick as 6 mm on a 15-cm branch .The leaves are opposite or in whorls of three, 12 to 20 inches long, pinnate, with six to ten oval leaflets up to eight inches (20 cm) long and 2.25 inches (6 cm) broad. Flowers are produced in panicles they are bell-shaped orange to maroon or purplish green, and about four inches (10 cm )wide.The fruit is a woody berry from 12 to 39 inches long and up to seven inches broad.

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  • Roxburghs Kydia, Pulia
    Kydia calycina
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    Species Information of Roxburghs Kydia, Pulia

    Roxburghs Kydia, Pulia

    Scientific Name : Kydia calycina

    Common Name :Roxburghs Kydia, Pulia

    Hindi Name :पुलिया, भरंगा,बरन्गा
    Kannada Name :bende,
    Tamil Name :vattakannu, vendai
    Malyalam Name :vellachadachi

    Kydia is a tree, growing up to 20 m tall. Leaves 3-12.5 cm long, 4-16.5 cm broad, commonly 7 nerved, truncate-subcordate at base, entire or 3-5 angled, not or slightly denticulate, acute-obtuse, dark green and less hairy above, greyish below.

    62 / 138

  • Pride of India
    Lagerstroemia speciosa
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    Species Information of Pride of India

    Pride of India

    Scientific Name : Lagerstroemia speciosa

    Common Name :Pride of India

    Hindi Name :जरुल, जारुल
    Kannada Name :Hole dasavala
    Tamil Name :Kadali
    Malyalam Name :Manimaruthu

    This is a very beautiful flowering tree with pink rose-like wrinkled flowers in large clusters. Maharashtra has honoured this tree by making its flower the state flower.

    63 / 138

  • Indian ash tree
    Lannea coromandelica
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    Species Information of Indian ash tree

    Indian ash tree

    Scientific Name : Lannea coromandelica

    Common Name :Indian ash tree

    Hindi Name :Jhingan
    Kannada Name :Godda mara, Udi mara, Ajjashringi 
    Tamil Name :Uthian, Wodier, Anaikkarai, Kalasan
    Malyalam Name :Anakkaram, Karasu, Karayam, Karilavu, Konapadanara, Odiyamar

    up to 25m high, the Indian ash tree is deciduous in the dry season. It has a rough grey-brown bark, leaves are compound with odd number of leaflets. It exudes a red coloured resin when damaged. Flowers are unisexual, male and female flowers look similar except for the repreoductive parts. The fruit is fleshy and eaten by frugivorous birds

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  • Lantana
    Lantana camara
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    Species Information of Lantana


    Scientific Name : Lantana camara

    Common Name :Lantana

    Hindi Name :राईमुनिया
    Kannada Name :Kakke, Natahu
    Tamil Name :உண்ணி செடி
    Malyalam Name :Aripoochedi അരിപൂച്ചെടി

    The flower has a tutti frutti smell with a pepper undertone.

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  • Henna
    Lawsonia inermis
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    Species Information of Henna


    Scientific Name : Lawsonia inermis

    Common Name :Henna

    Hindi Name :Mehendi
    Kannada Name :Madarangi
    Tamil Name :Marudaani
    Malyalam Name :Mailanji

    Small tree or large shrub, with spine-tipped branches and smooth leaves. Flowers are white and fragrant with have red or white-tipped stamens held in pairs at the rim of the calyx tube

    66 / 138

  • Chandada
    Macaranga peltata
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    Species Information of Chandada


    Scientific Name : Macaranga peltata

    Common Name :Chandada

    Hindi Name :चाँद कल
    Kannada Name :Vattathamarai, Chanda kala
    Tamil Name :வட்டக்கன்னி
    Malyalam Name :Vatta / Uppila

    An easy way to identify the Chandada is to notice that the leaf stalks are attached on the underside of the leaf and not to the base of the leaf as in most other trees.

    67 / 138

  • Mahua
    Madhuca longifolia (var. latifolia)
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    Species Information of Mahua


    Scientific Name : Madhuca longifolia (var. latifolia)

    Common Name :Mahua

    Hindi Name :महुआ
    Kannada Name :Ippe
    Tamil Name :Kaatu காட்டு இலுப்பை
    Malyalam Name :Ilippa

    In many parts of India this is considered to be a very valuable tree because it gives nutritious food for millions of poor people. The flowers are eaten raw and in a season a large tree can give 300 kg of flowers. The seeds give mahua butter that is used in cooking.

    68 / 138

  • Lal champa
    Magnolia campbellii
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    Species Information of Lal champa

    Lal champa

    Scientific Name : Magnolia campbellii

    Common Name :Lal champa

    Hindi Name :लाल चम्पा

    A large Himalayan tree with spectacular flowers that is found eastwards of Nepal and grows in elevations between 2000-3000 m.

    69 / 138

  • Mango (all varieties)
    Mangifera indica
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    Species Information of Mango (all varieties)

    Mango (all varieties)

    Scientific Name : Mangifera indica

    Common Name :Mango (all varieties)

    Hindi Name :आम
    Kannada Name :mavinhannu
    Tamil Name :மாமரம்
    Malyalam Name :Maavu മാവ

    Mangifera indica, commonly known as mango. Mango is the National fruit of India.Mango tree can grow upto almost 120-130 ft in height, with a radius of 33 ft at the top. The root of the mango tree goes down to around 20 ft, in deep soil. The evergreen leaves of the mango tree contain a specific aroma and are almost 15-35 cm in length and 6-16 cm in width.Flowering takes place generally in between January to March. The flowers have 4 or 5 petals and are 5-10 mm in length. The mango flowers are yellow-greenish in colour. The petals have orange stripes on them. The stems of the tree are fat, green in colour and wavy. They can bear numerous retreating side stems. Each of these stems has a lot of little and stalked flowers. The Mango fruit takes 2 to 3 months to get matured and they vary from one tree to another. The normal fruiting period of the Mango tree is from the month of May to July, but one can obtain fruit from them almost every month of the year.

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  • Chiku Sapodilla
    Manilkara zapota 
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    Species Information of Chiku Sapodilla

    Chiku Sapodilla

    Scientific Name : Manilkara zapota 

    Common Name :Chiku Sapodilla

    Hindi Name :chiku
    Kannada Name :ಸಪೋಟ
    Tamil Name :Chappota

    A small, evergreen tree with milky latex in younger branches and in fruit stalks. Flowers are pale yellow, clustered at the apices of branches. Fruits are brown and fleshy with a chalky texture when ripe and are edible

    71 / 138

  • Chinaberry
    Melia azedarach
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    Species Information of Chinaberry


    Scientific Name : Melia azedarach

    Common Name :Chinaberry

    Hindi Name :बकैन
    Kannada Name :Bevu
    Tamil Name :Malaiveppu
    Malyalam Name :Malaveppu മലവെപ്പ്

    Melia azedarach, commonly known by many names, including chinaberry tree. The adult tree has a rounded crown, and commonly measures 7 to 12 metres tall. The leaves are up to 50 centimetres (20 in) long, alternate, long-petioled, two or three times compound (odd-pinnate) the leaflets are dark green above and lighter green below, with serrate margins. The flowers are small and fragrant, with five pale purple or lilac petals, growing in clusters. The fruit is a drupe, marble-sized, light yellow at maturity, hanging on the tree all winter, and gradually becoming wrinkled and almost white.

    72 / 138

  • Nag Champa
    Mesua ferrea
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    Species Information of Nag Champa

    Nag Champa

    Scientific Name : Mesua ferrea

    Common Name :Nag Champa

    Hindi Name :नाग चम्पा
    Kannada Name :Naagasampige
    Tamil Name :Naagapuspam நாகப்புச்பம்
    Malyalam Name :Veluthapala വേളൂത്ത്‌പാല

    Mesua ferrea also known as Nagkesar is a beautiful evergreen tree and has been used in Ayurveda for thousands of years. This is cultivated as an ornamental plant. The tree grows up to 30m in height and the pendulous leaves are 8 to 15 cm long. They are simple, narrow, opposite, black grey to dark green in colour. The branches are glabrous and slender. The flowers are bisexual, white petals with orange stamens. The capsule contains 1 to 2 seeds. It flowers from March to July. The fruits are seen during October to November.

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  • Champa
    Michelia champaca
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    Species Information of Champa


    Scientific Name : Michelia champaca

    Common Name :Champa

    Hindi Name :चम्पा, सोन चम्पा
    Kannada Name :Sampige
    Tamil Name :செண்பகம்
    Malyalam Name :Champakam

    Magnolia champaca, known in English as champak. It known for its fragrant flowers, and its timber used in woodworking.In its native range Magnolia champaca grows to 50 metres or taller. Its trunk can be up to 1.9 metres in diameter. The tree has a narrow umbelliform crown. It has strongly fragrant flowers in varying shades of cream to yellow-orange, during June to September.

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  • Indian Cork Tree
    Millingtonia hortensis
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    Species Information of Indian Cork Tree

    Indian Cork Tree

    Scientific Name : Millingtonia hortensis

    Common Name :Indian Cork Tree

    Hindi Name :नीम चमेली
    Kannada Name :Beratu/Birate mara
    Tamil Name :மரமல்லிகை, பன்னீர்மரம்
    Malyalam Name :Katesam

    Millingtonia hortensis Linn. is cultivated in most parts of India, both in gardens and avenues. Tall and straight, with comparatively few branches, its popularity lies in its ornamental value. It is a fine tree, fast growing, but with brittle wood, liable to be damaged by storms. The ashy bark is cracked and furrowed and the numerous fissures make removal of the cork an easy matter. It is used as an inferior substitute for true cork. From April until the rains and again in November and December, a profusion of silvery-white, delightfully fragrant flowers crown the foliage. Upright open clusters with arching blooms terminate every branchlet. Each flower is a tiny bell-shaped calyx, a long slender tube of palest green dividing into four waxy, white petals and several conspicuous yellow anthered stamens. Many flowers are delicately tinted with rose. Between January and March the leaves are shed and renewed during April and May.

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  • Maulsari
    Mimusops elengi
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    Species Information of Maulsari


    Scientific Name : Mimusops elengi

    Common Name :Maulsari

    Hindi Name :मौलसरी
    Kannada Name :Pokkalathu,Bakul
    Tamil Name :மகிழம்
    Malyalam Name :Elengi

    The scientific name of this tree comes from its Malayalam name. The wood is extremely hard, the fruits are edible and oil is extracted from the seeds

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  • Kaim
    Mitragyna parviflora
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    Species Information of Kaim


    Scientific Name : Mitragyna parviflora

    Common Name :Kaim

    Hindi Name :कैम
    Kannada Name :Nayekadambe, Nirakadamba
    Tamil Name :நீர்க்கடம்பை
    Malyalam Name :Nir kadambu, Vimbu

    Mitragyna parvifolia is a tree species is native to India and SriLanka. Mitragyna species are used medicinally as well as for their fine timber throughout the areas they grow. It reaches heights of 50 feet with a branch spread of over 15 feet. The stem is erect and branching. Flowers are yellow and grow in ball-shaped clusters. Leaves are a dark green in color, smooth, rounded in shape, and opposite in growth pattern

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  • Drumstick tree
    Moringa oleifera
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    Species Information of Drumstick tree

    Drumstick tree

    Scientific Name : Moringa oleifera

    Common Name :Drumstick tree

    Hindi Name :Sonjna
    Kannada Name :Nugge Kaayi
    Tamil Name :Murungai
    Malyalam Name :Murungai

    Phenology may vary depending on geographic location of the tree

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  • Silkworm Mulberry
    Morus alba
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    Species Information of Silkworm Mulberry

    Silkworm Mulberry

    Scientific Name : Morus alba

    Common Name :Silkworm Mulberry

    Hindi Name :शहतूत
    Kannada Name :reshmaygida
    Tamil Name :கம்பளிச் செடி, மல்பரி
    Malyalam Name :Patunoolpuzhuchedi പട്ട്നൂല്പുഴുചെടി

    Morus alba, known as white mulberry, is a fast-growing, small to medium-sized mulberry tree which grows to 10 to 20 m tall. the leaves may be up to 30 cm long, and deeply and intricately lobed, with the lobes rounded.The trees are generally deciduous in temperate regions, but trees grown in tropical regions can be evergreen. The flowers are single-sex catkins; male catkins are 2 to 3.5 cm long, and female catkins 1-2 cm long. Male and female flowers are usually on separate trees although they may occur on the same tree. The fruit is 1-2.5 cm long; in the species in the wild it is deep purple, but in many cultivated plants it varies from white to pink; it is sweet but bland, unlike the more intense flavor of the red mulberry and black mulberry. The seeds are widely dispersed in the droppings of birds that eat the fruit.

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  • Singapore Cherry
    Muntingia calabura
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    Species Information of Singapore Cherry

    Singapore Cherry

    Scientific Name : Muntingia calabura

    Common Name :Singapore Cherry

    Kannada Name :Gasagase hannina mara
    Tamil Name :தேன்பழம்

    Calabura is a rapidly growing, small, evergreen shrub or a tree with a short, broad, spreading crown; it can grow from 3 to 12 metres tall.The leaves are alternate, distichous, oblong or lanceolate, 4 to 15 cm long and 1 to 6 cm wide, with toothed margin and covered in short hairs.The flowers are small (up to 3cm wide), solitary or in inflorescences of 2 to 3 flowers; with 5 lanceolate sepals, hairy; 5 obovate white petals; many stamens with yellow anthers and a smooth ovoid ovary. Fruit, an edible berry, red at maturity, about 1.5 cm wide.

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  • Curry leaf plant
    Murraya koenigii
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    Species Information of Curry leaf plant

    Curry leaf plant

    Scientific Name : Murraya koenigii

    Common Name :Curry leaf plant

    Hindi Name :Kari patta
    Kannada Name :ಕರಿಬೇವು
    Tamil Name :Kariveppilai
    Malyalam Name :Karaepila

    Small tree with fragrant leaves that are used in south Indian cuisine, flowers are small,white and fragrant, fruits are oval and dark purple or black in colour

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  • Box Myrtle
    Myrica esculent
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    Species Information of Box Myrtle

    Box Myrtle

    Scientific Name : Myrica esculent

    Common Name :Box Myrtle

    Hindi Name :काफल

    Kaphal is an evergreen tree found throughout the mid-Himalayas, starting from about 1,300 metres and going up to about 2,100 metres.

    82 / 138

  • Kadamb
    Neolamarckia cadamba
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    Species Information of Kadamb


    Scientific Name : Neolamarckia cadamba

    Common Name :Kadamb

    Hindi Name :Kadamb
    Kannada Name :Kaduavalatige
    Tamil Name :Vellaikadambu வெள்ளை கடம்பு
    Malyalam Name :Katampu,കതമ്പ്

    The flowers of this tree are delicately scented, and are used in decoration and prayer. The fruits are eaten by birds, monkeys and bats.

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  • Oleander
    Nerium oleander
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    Species Information of Oleander


    Scientific Name : Nerium oleander

    Common Name :Oleander

    Hindi Name :Kaner
    Kannada Name :Chandaatha
    Tamil Name :Arali அரலி
    Malyalam Name :Arali അറളി

    sap is toxic to herbivores, this tree is probably not native to India

    84 / 138

  • Night Flowering Jasmine
    Nyctanthes arbor-tristis
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    Species Information of Night Flowering Jasmine

    Night Flowering Jasmine

    Scientific Name : Nyctanthes arbor-tristis

    Common Name :Night Flowering Jasmine

    Hindi Name :हार सिंगार, पारिजात
    Kannada Name :Parijata
    Tamil Name :பவிழ மல்லி
    Malyalam Name :Parijatakam

    Nyctanthes arbor-tristis is a shrub or a small tree growing to 10 m (33 ft) tall, with flaky grey bark. The leaves are opposite, simple, 6-12 cm long and 2 to 6.5 cm broad, with an entire margin. The flowers are fragrant, with a five- to eight-lobed white corolla with an orange-red centre; they are produced in clusters of two to seven together, with individual flowers opening at dusk and finishing at dawn. The fruit is a flat brown heart-shaped to round capsule 2 cm diameter, with two sections each containing a single seed.

    85 / 138

  • Badminton-ball Tree
    Parkia biglandulosa
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    Species Information of Badminton-ball Tree

    Badminton-ball Tree

    Scientific Name : Parkia biglandulosa

    Common Name :Badminton-ball Tree

    Hindi Name :चेन्डुल का झाड़
    Kannada Name :shivalinga mara
    Tamil Name :maavagan, mavukai

    African locust tree is a tall handsome tree, native of W. Africa.Leaves are bipinnate, leaflets 60-100 pairs, small. two glands present at the base of the petiole.Flowers are big globose or obovoid, green heads, peduncles long. Fruit are Pods large and strap-shaped. Flowering and Fruiting time : January to March

    86 / 138

  • Copper-pod
    Peltophorum pterocarpum
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    Species Information of Copper-pod


    Scientific Name : Peltophorum pterocarpum

    Common Name :Copper-pod

    Hindi Name :peeli gulmohur
    Tamil Name :perungkondrai

    Peltophorum pterocarpum is commonly known as copperpod, yellow-flamboyant, yellow flametree, yellow poinciana or yellow-flame.It is a deciduous tree growing to 15 to 25 m (rarely up to 50 m) tall, with a trunk diameter of up to 1 m belonging to Family Leguminosae and sub-family Caesalpiniaceaea. The leaves are bipinnate, 30 to 60 cm long, with 16 to 20 pinnae, each pinna with 20 to 40 oval leaflets 8 to 25 mm long and 4 to 10 mm broad. The flowers are yellow, 2.5 to 4 cm diameter, produced in large compound racemes up to 20 cm long. The fruit is a pod 5 to 10 cm long and 2.5 cm broad, red at first, ripening black, and containing one to four seeds. Trees begin to flower after about four years.

    87 / 138

  • Khajur
    Phoenix sylvestris
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    Species Information of Khajur


    Scientific Name : Phoenix sylvestris

    Common Name :Khajur

    Hindi Name :खजूर
    Kannada Name :Kharjura
    Tamil Name :Inithapaanai இனித்தபானை
    Malyalam Name :Eenthapana ഈന്തപ്പന

    Phoenix sylvestris (sylvestris - Latin, of the forest) also known as silver date palm, Indian date, sugar date palm or wild date palm.Phoenix sylvestris ranges from 4 to 15 m in height and 40 cm in diameter; not as large as the Canary Island Date Palm, but nearly so, and resembling it. The leaves are 3 m long, gently recurved, on 1 m petioles with acanthophylls near the base. The leaf crown grows to 10 m wide and 7.5 to 10 m tall containing up to 100 leaves. The inflorescence grows to 1 metre with white, unisexual flowers forming to a large, pendent infructescence. The single-seeded fruit ripens to a purple-red colour.

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  • Amla
    Phyllanthus emblica
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    Species Information of Amla


    Scientific Name : Phyllanthus emblica

    Common Name :Amla

    Hindi Name :आमला
    Kannada Name :Nelli / Amalaka
    Tamil Name :நெல்லி
    Malyalam Name :Nelli

    This tree grows wild in forests. The fruit has large quantities of vitamin C, and is famously sour in taste.

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  • Jungle Jalebi
    Pithecellobium dulce
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    Species Information of Jungle Jalebi

    Jungle Jalebi

    Scientific Name : Pithecellobium dulce

    Common Name :Jungle Jalebi

    Hindi Name :जंगल जलेबी
    Kannada Name :Seeme hunase
    Tamil Name :கொடுக்காப்புளி
    Malyalam Name :Manila puli മനില പുളി

    Pithecellobium dulce is a tree that reaches a height of about 10 to 15 m (33 to 49 ft). Its trunk is spiny and its leaves are bipinnate. Each pinna has a single pair of ovate-oblong leaflets that are about 2 to 4 cm (0.79 to 1.57 in) long. The flowers are greenish-white, fragrant, sessile and reach about 12 cm (4.7 in) in length, though appear shorter due to coiling. The flowers produce a pod, which turns pink when ripe and opens to expose an edible pulp. The pulp contains black shiny seeds that are circular and flat. The seed is dispersed via birds that feed on the sweet pulp. The tree is drought resistant and can survive in dry lands from sea level to an elevation of 1,500 m (4,900 ft), making it suitable for cultivation as a street tree.

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  • Frangipani, temple tree
    Plumeria rubra
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    Species Information of Frangipani, temple tree

    Frangipani, temple tree

    Scientific Name : Plumeria rubra

    Common Name :Frangipani, temple tree

    Hindi Name :Champa
    Kannada Name :Devva Kanagale
    Tamil Name :Sampangi
    Malyalam Name :Eezhachempakam ഈഴചെമ്പകം

    sap is toxic to herbivores, this tree is not native to India

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  • Mast Tree
    Polyalthia longifolia
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    Species Information of Mast Tree

    Mast Tree

    Scientific Name : Polyalthia longifolia

    Common Name :Mast Tree

    Hindi Name :अशोक
    Kannada Name :Ashoka
    Tamil Name :Nettilingam நெட்டிலிங்கம்
    Malyalam Name :Aranamaram അരണമരം , Chorunna

    This evergreen tree is rated by some as one of India's most beautiful trees, with the orange-red flowers in bunches among the dense, dark leaves. It is said that Buddha was born under an Ashoka tree, so this tree is sacred to the Buddhists. Hindus also have many sacred associations with this tree.

    92 / 138

  • Pongam Tree
    Pongamia pinnata
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    Species Information of Pongam Tree

    Pongam Tree

    Scientific Name : Pongamia pinnata

    Common Name :Pongam Tree

    Hindi Name :करंज,कन्जी
    Kannada Name :Honge
    Tamil Name :புங்கம்
    Malyalam Name :Ungu

    The seeds, root, bark, leaves and flowers all have various uses in traditional medicine so this is a valuable tree. A reddish oil extracted from the seeds called karanj oil is used to light lamps or as a lubricant for engines.

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  • Himalayan poplar
    Populus ciliata
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    Species Information of Himalayan poplar

    Himalayan poplar

    Scientific Name : Populus ciliata

    Common Name :Himalayan poplar

    A fast-growing deciduous tree with a tall straight bole and large, spreading crown.Bark is dark brown and fissured in old trees. Leaves heart-shaped with toothed margins, and downy, at least along veins. Male and female flowers are produced on separate trees, in drooping catkins, just before or along with leaves. Male flowers are bell-shaped and female flowers are bluntly toothed. Fruit is a capsule, enclosing 100-150 seeds covered in silky hair.

    94 / 138

  • Khejri
    Prosopis cineraria
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    Species Information of Khejri


    Scientific Name : Prosopis cineraria

    Common Name :Khejri

    Hindi Name :Khejri

    This is a small tree of the arid regions with thorny branches. The leaves are compound, with 8-12 pairs of leaflets. The flowers are small and yellow, held in 6-10 cm long clusters at the end of branches (resembling a bottle-brush). The fruit is a smooth, edible pod

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  • Vilaiti Keekar
    Prosopis juliflora
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    Species Information of Vilaiti Keekar

    Vilaiti Keekar

    Scientific Name : Prosopis juliflora

    Common Name :Vilaiti Keekar

    Hindi Name :विलायती कीकर
    Kannada Name :bellari jali
    Tamil Name :வேலிக்கருவை
    Malyalam Name :Vanni

    Prosopis juliflora is a shrub or small tree.The mesquite tree grows to a height of up to 12 metres (39 ft) and has a trunk with a diameter of up to 1.2 metres (3.9 ft). Its leaves are deciduous, bi-pinnate, light green, compounded with 12 to 20 leaflets. Flowers appear shortly after leaf development. The flowers are in 5 to 10 cm long green-yellow cylindrical spikes, which occur in clusters of 2 to 5 at the ends of branches. Pods are 20 to 30 cm long and contain between 10 and 30 seeds per pod. A mature plant can produce hundreds of thousands of seeds. Seeds remain viable for up to 10 years. The tree reproduces by way of seeds, not vegetatively. Seeds are spread by cattle and other animals that consume the seed pods and spread the seeds in their droppings.

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  • Apricot tree
    Prunus armeniaca
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    Species Information of Apricot tree

    Apricot tree

    Scientific Name : Prunus armeniaca

    Common Name :Apricot tree

    Hindi Name :खुबानी
    Kannada Name :Jardalu
    Tamil Name :பூவரசு
    Malyalam Name :Mutta Pazham / Sheema Pazham

    An apricot is a fruit, or the tree that bears the fruit, of several species in the genus Prunus (stone fruits).

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  • Himalayan Cherry
    Prunus cerasoides
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    Species Information of Himalayan Cherry

    Himalayan Cherry

    Scientific Name : Prunus cerasoides

    Common Name :Himalayan Cherry

    Hindi Name :पदम

    A Himalayan tree found at elevations between 750-2400 m. Beautiful to look at when in full bloom and the fruit is good to eat when ripe.

    98 / 138

  • Plum tree
    Prunus domestica
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    Species Information of Plum tree

    Plum tree

    Scientific Name : Prunus domestica

    Common Name :Plum tree

    Hindi Name :आलू बुखारा

    Medium-sized tree growing upto 12 m tall.Flowers are white, and borne in clusters around April.Fruit is spherical or oval, varies among cultivars, but it is generally soft and juicy with a flavour ranging from very sweet to sour. It contains a single stony seed

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  • Sohiong
    Prunus nepalensis
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    Species Information of Sohiong


    Scientific Name : Prunus nepalensis

    Common Name :Sohiong

    Hindi Name :Sohiong

    Medium sized tree with greyish or dark brown bark and elongated, leaves with very minute serrations on the margins. Flowers are small and have non descript white petals. The fruits are purple-black and fleshy when ripe and are used in a number of culinary preparations in and around the Khasi Hills of Meghalaya.

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  • Peach tree
    Prunus persica
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    Species Information of Peach tree

    Peach tree

    Scientific Name : Prunus persica

    Common Name :Peach tree

    Hindi Name :आढू

    Small tree upto 10 m tall.Flowers are pink, solitary or paired, and have five petals. They are borne in early spring before fresh leaves emerge.Fruits are drupes, have yellowish flesh, and a velvety skin. Each contains a single large red-brown seed that is surrounded by a woody husk.

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  • Guava tree
    Psidium guajava
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    Species Information of Guava tree

    Guava tree

    Scientific Name : Psidium guajava

    Common Name :Guava tree

    Hindi Name :अमरूद
    Kannada Name :Seebe Hannu
    Tamil Name :Koiya pazham
    Malyalam Name :Peraka

    Small evergreen tree.Flowers are white, borne singly or in small clusters in leaf axils, and have 4-5 petals. They also have a prominent tuft of white stames supporting pale anthers.Bark is smooth, thin, copper-colored and flakes off, showing the greenish layer beneath.Fruit is round, ovoid, or pear-shaped, has light green skin, and studded with several tiny seeds in the flesh

    102 / 138

  • Indian kino
    Pterocarpus marsupium
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    Species Information of Indian kino

    Indian kino

    Scientific Name : Pterocarpus marsupium

    Common Name :Indian kino

    A tree of hilly country, it is found in deciduous forests. One of the largest trees with splayed branches, make it easier to spot even in silhouette. Leaves have 5 to 7 smooth leaflets with wavy margins. Flowers appear after rains, 5-petalled, pea-shaped and have a crinky texture. Fruit disk-shaped, papery with a single seed at the centre.

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  • Kanak Champa
    Pterospermum acerifolium
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    Species Information of Kanak Champa

    Kanak Champa

    Scientific Name : Pterospermum acerifolium

    Common Name :Kanak Champa

    Hindi Name :कनक चम्पा, मचकुंद
    Kannada Name :Kanakachampaka
    Tamil Name :வெண்ணங்கு
    Malyalam Name :Cherukonna ചെറുകൊന്ന

    Pterospermum acerifolium is commonly referred to as Kanak Champa, Muchakunda or Karnikar Tree within its native range.It is a relatively a large tree, growing up to thirty meters tall. The large flowers are unique in shape and have an exotic fragrance. the grounded flower petals cure chronic headache. The outer sepal is of jack color and the inner cepal is of yellow color. The flower is funnel shaped and white. The whole flower gives the look of a designer garment. Huge leaves used as plates in India, where it is grown for shade and for valuable timber similar to oak and teak.

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  • Pomegranate
    Punica granatum
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    Species Information of Pomegranate


    Scientific Name : Punica granatum

    Common Name :Pomegranate

    Hindi Name :अनार
    Kannada Name :Dalimbre
    Tamil Name :மாதுளை
    Malyalam Name :Mathalampazham മാതളപഴം'

    The pomegranate, botanical name Punica granatum, is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree.A shrub or small tree growing 6 to 10 m high. P. granatum leaves are opposite or subopposite, glossy, narrow oblong, entire, 3 to 7 cm long and 2 cm broad. The flowers are bright red and 3 cm in diameter, with three to seven petals. Some fruitless varieties are grown for the flowers alone.The edible fruit is a berry, intermediate in size between a lemon and a grapefruit, 5 to 12 cm in diameter with a rounded shape and thick, reddish skin.

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  • Pear tree
    Pyrus pyrifolia
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    Species Information of Pear tree

    Pear tree

    Scientific Name : Pyrus pyrifolia

    Common Name :Pear tree

    Hindi Name :नाशपाती
    Kannada Name :Marasebu
    Tamil Name :Berikkai பெரிக்கா
    Malyalam Name :Sabarjil

    Small to medium-sized tree; upto 12 m tall with a round crown. Flowers are white, with five petals, and borne in clusters during early spring.

    106 / 138

  • Grey Oak
    Quercus leucotrichophora
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    Species Information of Grey Oak

    Grey Oak

    Scientific Name : Quercus leucotrichophora

    Common Name :Grey Oak

    Hindi Name :बांझ

    It is a tree having young shoots tomentose beneath, nerves straight, cuspidate serrate, scales of acorn imbricate. It is found at an altitude of 1200-2400m.

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  • Himalayan Rhododendron
    Rhododendron arboreum
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    Species Information of Himalayan Rhododendron

    Himalayan Rhododendron

    Scientific Name : Rhododendron arboreum

    Common Name :Himalayan Rhododendron

    Hindi Name :बुरांश,लाल बुरांश

    This small evergreen tree is widely distributed across the Himalayas, and is one of the most famous species of rhododendron.

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  • Nilgiri Rhododendron
    Rhododendron nilagiricum
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    Species Information of Nilgiri Rhododendron

    Nilgiri Rhododendron

    Scientific Name : Rhododendron nilagiricum

    Common Name :Nilgiri Rhododendron

    Tamil Name :மலைப்பூவரசு, ஆழிஞ்சி
    Malyalam Name : Alanchi

    Rhododendron arboreum, the tree rhododendron also known as burans or gurans, is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a showy display of bright red flowers.Its name means "tending to be woody or growing in a tree-like form". It has been recorded as reaching heights of up to 20 m. In early- and mid-spring, trusses of 15-20 bell-shaped flowers, 5 cm (2 in) wide and 3-5 cm (1.25 to 2 in) long are produced in red, pink or white. They have black nectar pouches and black spots inside.

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  • Wild rose or Webbs rose
    Rosa webbiana
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    Species Information of Wild rose or Webbs rose

    Wild rose or Webbs rose

    Scientific Name : Rosa webbiana

    Common Name :Wild rose or Webbs rose

    A common shrub rose, 1-2 m high, with straight yellow prickles just below leaves, and seen growing between 1500 to 4000 m asl. Leaflets 5-9, obovate. Flowers solitary, usually pink, with 5 petals and sepals. Fruit red and bottle-shaped.

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  • White willow
    Salix alba
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    Species Information of White willow

    White willow

    Scientific Name : Salix alba

    Common Name :White willow

    Medium sized tree, deciduous tree, often with a leaning crown. Bark heavily fissured, especially in older trees. Leaves narrow and covered in silky white hair, more so on the underside. Flowers are borne in early spring on catkins, and are insect-pollinated. Fruits contain minute seeds embedded in down and get dispersed by wind.

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  • Rain tree
    Samanea saman
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    Species Information of Rain tree

    Rain tree

    Scientific Name : Samanea saman

    Common Name :Rain tree

    Hindi Name :गुलाबी सिरिस, विलायती सिरिस,
    Tamil Name :Seemaivaagai
    Malyalam Name :Mazhamaram

    The Rain Tree is a native of Central America and the West Indies, but it is widely cultivated throughout the tropics. It was introduced into India from Jamaica.

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  • Sandalwood
    Santalum album
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    Species Information of Sandalwood


    Scientific Name : Santalum album

    Common Name :Sandalwood

    Hindi Name :चंदन
    Kannada Name :Gandhada mara
    Tamil Name :சந்தனம்
    Malyalam Name :Chandanam

    Santalum album or Indian sandalwood is a small tropical tree, and is the most commonly known source of sandalwood.The height of the evergreen tree is between 4 and 9 metres. It normally grows in sandy or stony red soils, but a wide range of soil types are inhabited. This habitat has a temperature range from 0 to 38 degree Celsius and annual rainfall between 500 and 3000 mm. S. album can grow up to 30 feet vertically. It should be planted in good sunlight and does not require a lot of water. The tree starts to flower after 7 years. When the tree is still young the flowers are white and with age they turn red or orange. The trunk of the tree starts to develop its fragrance after about 10 years of growth. The tree is parasitic so it gathers nutrients from its surrounding environment.

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  • True Ashoka
    Saraca asoca
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    Species Information of True Ashoka

    True Ashoka

    Scientific Name : Saraca asoca

    Common Name :True Ashoka

    Hindi Name :सीता अशोक
    Kannada Name :Ashoka
    Tamil Name :Asogam அசோகம்
    Malyalam Name :Ashokam

    This evergreen tree is rated by some as one of India's most beautiful trees, with the orange-red flowers in bunches among the dense, dark leaves. It is said that Buddha was born under an Ashoka tree, so this tree is sacred to the Buddhists. Hindus also have many sacred associations with this tree.

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  • Oriental cashew
    Semecarpus anacardium
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    Species Information of Oriental cashew

    Oriental cashew

    Scientific Name : Semecarpus anacardium

    Common Name :Oriental cashew

    Hindi Name :Bhilma
    Kannada Name :Bhallataka, Geru
    Tamil Name :Senkottai, Compalam
    Malyalam Name :Thenkotta, Alakkucher

    A medium to large sized tree, with a pale brown bark and very large leaves. Flowers are pale yellow and held in terminal panicles. Fruits are green when unripe and become black when ripe and rests on top of a fleshy yellow receptacle.

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  • Sal
    Shorea robusta
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    Species Information of Sal


    Scientific Name : Shorea robusta

    Common Name :Sal

    Hindi Name :साल
    Kannada Name :ashvakarna, asina, asu, bile-bhogimara
    Tamil Name :attam, venkungiliyam, kungiliyam
    Malyalam Name :Maramaram

    This tree is native to the Indian subcontinent.The sal tree is a hardwood timber tree, up to 30-35 m tall. The crown is spreading and spherical. Leaves are 20 cm long, simple, shiny and glabrous, delicate green, broadly oval at the base. Fruits are 1-1.5 cm large and ovoid.Sal seeds have various uses. They may be ground into a flour to make bread.

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  • African Tulip
    Spathodea campanulata
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    Species Information of African Tulip

    African Tulip

    Scientific Name : Spathodea campanulata

    Common Name :African Tulip

    Hindi Name :रगतूरा
    Kannada Name :lujjekaye, neerukayi mara
    Tamil Name :Patadi

    Spathodeais commonly known as the African tuliptree is a flowering plant .The tree grows between 7-25 m tall.This tree is planted extensively as an ornamental tree throughout the tropics and is much appreciated for its very showy reddish-orange or crimson (rarely yellow), campanulate flowers.The flower bud is ampule-shaped and contains water. These buds are often used by children who play with its ability to squirt the water. The sap sometimes stains yellow on fingers and clothes. The open flowers are cup-shaped and hold rain and dew, making them attractive to many species of birds.

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  • Wild Almond
    Sterculia foetida
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    Species Information of Wild Almond

    Wild Almond

    Scientific Name : Sterculia foetida

    Common Name :Wild Almond

    Hindi Name :Jungli Badam
    Kannada Name :Bhatala penari
    Tamil Name :பீநாரி
    Malyalam Name :Potakavalam

    Wild Almond Tree is a soft wooded tree that can grow up to 115 feet tall. The origin of the name of the bad-smelling Sterculia genus comes from the Roman god, Sterquilinus, who was the god of fertilizer or manure. The grey bark of the tree is brown-spotted and slightly wavy and also very smooth. Sometimes in the year, the pieces of bark get loosen and also fall.The leaves are placed at the end of branchlets; they have 12.5–23-cm-long petioles; the blades are palmately compound, containing 7-9 leaflets.The flowers are arranged in panicles, 10–15 cm long. The Wild Almond is a tall, straight and noble tree which takes a magnificent look when in the month of March and April; the leafage is at its fullest. Because of an extraordinary height of about 36m, this tree is calculated as one of the giant trees in India.

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  • Ghost Tree
    Sterculia urens
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    Species Information of Ghost Tree

    Ghost Tree

    Scientific Name : Sterculia urens

    Common Name :Ghost Tree

    Hindi Name :कुलु
    Kannada Name :Kempudale
    Tamil Name :செந்தணுக்கு
    Malyalam Name :Annanvazhukki അന്നാന്‍വഴുക്കി

    Sterculia urens is a species of plant in the family Malvaceae. It is native to India and has been introduced into Burma.Most of the trees in genus Sterculia have an erect, handsome trunk and the leaf shape and size vary from species to species. The flowers too differ in size, color and smell. From dull khaki green to bright yellow-orange and red-magenta blossoms when in bloom, look like tiny orchids.

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  • Jamun
    Syzygium cumini
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    Species Information of Jamun


    Scientific Name : Syzygium cumini

    Common Name :Jamun

    Hindi Name :जामुन
    Kannada Name :Nerle, Jam Nerle
    Tamil Name :நாவல்
    Malyalam Name :Njaval

    The delicious fruits of this tree stain your mouth black. The leaves, bark and seeds are used in traditional medicine; and the wood is used extensively in construction.

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  • Caribbean Trumpet Tree
    Tabebuia aurea
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    Species Information of Caribbean Trumpet Tree

    Caribbean Trumpet Tree

    Scientific Name : Tabebuia aurea

    Common Name :Caribbean Trumpet Tree

    It is a popular ornamental tree in subtropical and tropical regions, grown for its spectacular flower display on leafless shoots at the end of the dry season.

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  • Pink Poui, Rosy Trumpet Tree
    Tabebuia rosea
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    Species Information of Pink Poui, Rosy Trumpet Tree

     Pink Poui, Rosy Trumpet Tree

    Scientific Name : Tabebuia rosea

    Common Name : Pink Poui, Rosy Trumpet Tree

    A common exotic avenue tree in Indian cities, it is planted for its lovely rosy blooms during spring. The tree reaches 25-30 m in height. Leaves are palmate, with 5 unequal leaflets. Flowers are rosy, trumpet-shaped, and with a yellow center. Fruits are long and slender capsules that breaks open to release winged seeds.

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  • Crepe Jasmine
    Tabernaemontana divaricata
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    Species Information of Crepe Jasmine

    Crepe Jasmine

    Scientific Name : Tabernaemontana divaricata

    Common Name :Crepe Jasmine

    Hindi Name :Chandni चाँदनी
    Kannada Name :Nandi Battalu 
    Tamil Name :Nandiar vattai நந்தியார் வட்டை
    Malyalam Name :Nandiar vattai നന്ദിയാര്‍വട്ട

    Phenology may vary depending on geographic location of the tree

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  • Tamarind
    Tamarindus indica
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    Species Information of Tamarind


    Scientific Name : Tamarindus indica

    Common Name :Tamarind

    Hindi Name :इमली
    Kannada Name :Hunse
    Tamil Name :புளி
    Malyalam Name :Puli

    This large tree with very small but dense leaves is believed to have come to India from East Africa many centuries ago. Today it is cultivated all over the warm parts of our country and appears like a local Indian tree.

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  • Roheda
    Tecomella undulata
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    Species Information of Roheda


    Scientific Name : Tecomella undulata

    Common Name :Roheda

    Hindi Name :Roheda

    A decidusous tree, Roheda has slender leaves with wavy margins. The flowers are large, trumpet-shaped, yellow, orange or red coloured, and showey. The fruits are long capsules that have winged seeds when ripe.

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  • Teak
    Tectona grandis
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    Species Information of Teak


    Scientific Name : Tectona grandis

    Common Name :Teak

    Hindi Name :सगुन,सागोन
    Kannada Name :Saaguvani
    Tamil Name :தேக்கு
    Malyalam Name :Thekku

    The large tree is world famous for its beautiful, strong, durable wood.

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  • Arjun
    Terminalia arjuna
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    Species Information of Arjun


    Scientific Name : Terminalia arjuna

    Common Name :Arjun

    Hindi Name :अर्जुन,कहूआ
    Kannada Name :Holematti
    Tamil Name :வெள்ளமருது, குலமருது
    Malyalam Name :Nirmarutu

    Terminalia arjuna is a commonly known as arjun tree in English.The arjuna is about 20–25 metres tall; usually has a buttressed trunk, and forms a wide canopy at the crown, from which branches drop downwards. It has oblong, conical leaves which are green on the top and brown below; smooth, grey bark; it has pale yellow flowers which appear between March and June; its glabrous, 2.5 to 5 cm fibrous woody fruit, divided into five wings, appears between September and November.

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  • Beheda
    Terminalia bellirica
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    Species Information of Beheda


    Scientific Name : Terminalia bellirica

    Common Name :Beheda

    Hindi Name :बहेड़ा
    Kannada Name :Santi, Thani, Thare
    Tamil Name :தானி
    Malyalam Name :Thani

    Terminalia bellirica, known as "Bahera" or Beleric or bastard myrobalan, is a large deciduous tree common on plains and lower hills in Southeast Asia, where it is also grown as an avenue tree. The leaves are about 15 cm long and crowded toward the ends of the branches. It is considered a good fodder for cattle.Flowers arise in spikes in leaf axils, 5-15 cm long. Flowers are greenish yellow, 5-6 mm across, stalklesse, upper flowers of the spike are male, lower flowers are bisexual. Stamens are 3-4 mm long. Fruit is obovoid 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter, covered with minute pale pubescence, stone very thick, indistinctly 5 angled

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  • Indian Almond
    Terminalia catappa
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    Species Information of Indian Almond

    Indian Almond

    Scientific Name : Terminalia catappa

    Common Name :Indian Almond

    Hindi Name :Desi Badam
    Kannada Name :Badami,Taree
    Tamil Name :நாட்டுவாதாம்
    Malyalam Name :Adamarrum

    Terminalia catappa is a large tropical tree in the leadwood tree family, Combretaceae, that grows mainly in the tropical regions of Asia, Africa, and Australia.It is known by the English common names country-almond, Indian-almond, Malabar-almond, sea-almond, tropical-almond and false kamani.The tree grows to 35 m (115 ft) tall, with an upright, symmetrical crown and horizontal branches. Terminalia catappa has corky, light fruit that are dispersed by water. The seed within the fruit is edible when fully ripe, tasting almost like almond. As the tree gets older, its crown becomes more flattened to form a spreading, vase shape. Its branches are distinctively arranged in tiers. The leaves are large, 15–25 cm long and 10–14 cm broad, ovoid, glossy dark green, and leathery. They are dry-season deciduous; before falling, they turn pinkish-reddish or yellow-brown, due to pigments such as violaxanthin, lutein, and zeaxanthin.

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  • Black myrobalan
    Terminalia chebula
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    Species Information of Black myrobalan

    Black myrobalan

    Scientific Name : Terminalia chebula

    Common Name :Black myrobalan

    Hindi Name :Harra
    Kannada Name :Arale
    Tamil Name :Kadukkai
    Malyalam Name :Kadukka

    A medium sized tree with a spreading canopy and dark brown, vertically furrowed bark. Leaves are simple, flowers are small and pale yellow, held in terminal spikes. Fruits are are green when unripe and turn red to black when ripe.

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  • Indian Laurel
    Terminalia tomentosa
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    Species Information of Indian Laurel

    Indian Laurel

    Scientific Name : Terminalia tomentosa

    Common Name :Indian Laurel

    Hindi Name :आसन, साज़
    Kannada Name :Karimatti
    Tamil Name :கருமருது
    Malyalam Name :Matthi മത്തി

    Terminalia elliptica is a species of Terminalia native to southern and southeast Asia in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam.t is a tree growing to 30 m tall, with a trunk diameter of 1 m. The fruit is ovoid, 3 cm long, with five wings not extending beyond the fruit apex.The bark is fire-resistant. The wood is coarse, fairly straight grained, dull to somewhat lustrous and without any smell or taste.

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  • Indian tulip tree
    Thespesia populnea
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    Species Information of Indian tulip tree

    Indian tulip tree

    Scientific Name : Thespesia populnea

    Common Name :Indian tulip tree

    Hindi Name :भेंडी
    Kannada Name :Arasi, Huvarasi
    Tamil Name :Puvarasu பூவரசு
    Malyalam Name :Pooparutthi പൂപരുത്തി

    Medium sized tree with umbrella-shaped crown. maximum up to 10-12 meters.Flowers are about 8 cm long, bell shaped, singly or in pairs, 5 lemon-yellow, crinkly, overlapping petals with a deep maroon centre, fading to pink.Bark is dark brown, rough and deeply cracked and fissured. Fruits are a singly flattened sphere with a pointy apex, about 4 cm wide; greet at first, turning black.Leaves almost triangular with a broad base, upto 15 cm long.Flowers in the cold season, also throughout the year.Shed many leaves in February in less moist areas although evergreen in most areas.

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  • Mexican oleander, Yellow oleander
    Thevetia peruviana
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    Species Information of Mexican oleander, Yellow oleander

    Mexican oleander, Yellow oleander

    Scientific Name : Thevetia peruviana

    Common Name :Mexican oleander, Yellow oleander

    Hindi Name :Peeli kaner
    Tamil Name :Thiruvachipoo திருவச்சிப்பூ
    Malyalam Name :Manja Areli മഞ്ഞ അറളി

    Phenology may vary depending on geographic location of the tree,sap is toxic to herbivores, this tree is not native to India

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  • Indian Mahogany
    Toona ciliata
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    Species Information of Indian Mahogany

    Indian Mahogany

    Scientific Name : Toona ciliata

    Common Name :Indian Mahogany

    Hindi Name :तून
    Kannada Name :Kempu gandagiri
    Tamil Name :சந்தனவேம்பு
    Malyalam Name :Mathagiri മാത്ഗിരി

    Toona ciliata is a forest tree in the mahogany family which grows throughout southern Asia from Afghanistan to Papua New Guinea and Australia.The species can grow to around 60 m in height and its trunk can reach 3 m in girth.The flowers yield a reddish or yellowish dye, which has been used in tropical Asia to colour silk. The bark may be used for tanning leather, and has been traditionally used to make twine and string bags.

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  • False white teak
    Trewia nudiflora
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    Species Information of False white teak

    False white teak

    Scientific Name : Trewia nudiflora

    Common Name :False white teak

    Hindi Name :पिण्डालु,नकली काशेर
    Kannada Name :kaadugumbala
    Tamil Name : Atharasu அதரசு
    Malyalam Name : Thavalamaram തവള മരം, Kanji കണ്‍ജി

    Deciduous dioecious trees to 20 m, bark greyish-brown, smooth; blaze creamy yellow; young parts tomentose. Leaves simple, opposite, decussate; stipules inter petiolar, 2-3 x 1 mm, linear lanceolate; petiole 3-12 cm long.

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  • Five-leaved vitex
    Vitex negundo
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    Species Information of Five-leaved vitex

    Five-leaved vitex

    Scientific Name : Vitex negundo

    Common Name :Five-leaved vitex

    Hindi Name :Nirgundi
    Kannada Name :ಲಕ್ಕಿ ಗಿಡ
    Tamil Name :Nirkundi
    Malyalam Name :Vennocchi, nocchi

    A large aromatic shrub which has hairy leaves with serrated margins, that are arranged in groups of five (like a peacock's foot). Flowers are small, lilac in colour and are arranged in tall, conical panicles. The fruit is purple-black and fleshy when ripe

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  • Dyers oleander
    Wrightia tinctoria
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    Species Information of Dyers oleander

    Dyers oleander

    Scientific Name : Wrightia tinctoria

    Common Name :Dyers oleander

    Hindi Name :oodhi
    Kannada Name :Ajamara
    Tamil Name :irumpaalai, paalai
    Malyalam Name :Nilapaala

    Medium to small deciduous shrub that sheds leaved during the cold dry season and exudes milky latex when bark or leaf is damaged. Has prominant, fragrant, 5-petalled white flowers with a corona of lacy threads and stamens form a cone. Fruits are twin follicles that split lengthwise to release tufted seeds

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  • Ber
    Ziziphus mauritiana
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    Species Information of Ber


    Scientific Name : Ziziphus mauritiana

    Common Name :Ber

    Hindi Name :बेर
    Kannada Name :Yelchi
    Tamil Name :இலந்தை
    Malyalam Name :Elentha

    Ziziphus mauritiana, also known as Chinese date,ber, Chinee/Chinkee apple, jujube, Indian plum, is a tropical fruit tree species belonging to the family Rhamnaceae.Ziziphus mauritiana is a spiny, evergreen shrub or small tree up to 15 m high, with trunk 40 cm or more in diameter; spreading crown; stipular spines and many drooping branches. The fruit is of variable shape and size. It can be oval, obovate, oblong or round, and can be 2.5-6.25 cm long, depending on the variety. The flesh is white and crisp. When slightly underipe, this fruit is a bit juicy and has a pleasant aroma. The fruit's skin is smooth, glossy, thin but tight.

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