Species details of trees we track

Himalayan Fir
Scientific Name Abies pindrow
Family Pinaceae

Slender, pyramidal conifer with horizontal upper branches. Bark has deep longitudinal grooves. Leaves are 4-7 cm long, shiny dark green above and with 2 faint silver lines beneath. Tips of leaves have 2 sharp tapering points. Cones are dark purple, erect, cylindrical, 10-20 cm long and 4-7.5 cm in diameter.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Morinda
Himalayan silver fir
Scientific Name Abies spectabilis
Family Pinaceae

Pyramidal tree growing upto 50 m or taller. Bark is dark grey, deeply grooved. Leaves linear, up to 4 cm long, flat with incurved margin. Grooves of the young branchlets are hairy. Cones erect, cylindrical, 10-20 cm long, dark purple.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Talispatra
White Babool
Scientific Name Acacia leucophloea
Family Fabaceae

This tree is 5 to 20 m high with a dense spheric crown, stems and branches usually dark to black coloured, fissured bark, grey-pinkish slash, exuding a reddish low quality gum.

Species name in regional language
Hindi रौंझ्, सफेद बबूल
Kannada Nayibela
Malayalam വെൽവേലം
Telgu tella tumm
Tamil வெள்வேலம் Velvel
Marathi himvar
Scientific Name Acacia nilotica
Family Fabaceae

Thin, straight, light grey spines present in axillary pairs, usually 3-12 pairs, 5-7.5 cm long in young trees, and mature trees commonly without thorns.

Species name in regional language
Hindi बबूल, कीकर
Kannada Babli
Malayalam Karuvelum
Telgu Nallatumma
Tamil கருவேலம் Karuvelam
Marathi Babul
Evergreen Maple
Scientific Name Acer oblongum
Family Aceraceae

Small to medium-sized evergreen tree with lance-like, long pointed leaves. Young leaves are finely hairy, turning smooth and blue-green on the underside when older. Flowers are small, greenish white, borne in hairy clusters at the branch ends. Winged seeds in pairs is a typical character to identify a Himalayan Maple. Another important feature is retention of green leaves throughout winter.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Paranga
Himalayan Maple
Scientific Name Acer sterculiaceum
Family Sapindaceae

Acer sterculiaceum is a species of maple tree in the sandalwood family.It is a tree up to 20 meters tall with dark gray or grayish-brown bark. Leaves are palmately lobed, usually with 3 or 5 lobes but occasionally 7. Leaves are up to 20 cm long, thick and a bit leathery, dark green and hairless on the top, lighter green and woolly on the underside.

Species name in regional language
Wood Apple
Scientific Name Aegle marmelos
Family Rutaceae

This is a very useful tree for various reasons. The tree is sacred to Hindus and the leaves are used in Shiva temples. Various parts of the tree are used for their tonic and antibiotic properties to cure a large range of ailments. The sweet pulp of the fruit is drunk as a refreshing sherbet. The leaves are used as fodder and the wood was used to create agricultural implements.

Species name in regional language
Hindi बेल
Kannada ಬಿಲ್ಪತ್ರೆ ಮರ,Bilvapatre
Malayalam വിളാങ്കായ്
Telgu Murendu
Tamil வில்வம் Vilvam
Marathi Bael
Indian Horsechestnut
Scientific Name Aesculus indica
Family Sapindaceae

Native to the Himalayas, Indian Horse Chestnut is a tall, deciduous, spreading, shady tree, with a straight trunk, and branches in whorls. Its average height is 22 m; the girth of its trunk is about 1 m; its bark peels off upwards in narrow strips. The young shoots are minutely velvety, becoming hairless at maturity. The glossy leaves typically have seven leaflets arising from the same point on rather reddish stalks. The leaves are highly ornamental, and look like tiny umbrellas. The tree sheds its leaves during winter and the new growth starts in the last week of March. In April, the tree produces upright spikes of buds, and in May-June, the tree is decorated with upright panicles of white blooms. The panicles are about 40 cm long, containing over 300 flowers. These blooms are followed by the production of a spiny, green fruit which holds several brown seeds. Flowering: May-June.

Species name in regional language
Hindi बनखोर, कनोर
Kannada Kanor, Kanur
Tree of Heaven
Scientific Name Ailanthus excelsa
Family Simarubaceaea

Indian Tree of Heaven is a large deciduous tree, 18-25 m tall; trunk straight, 60-80 cm in diameter; bark light grey and smooth, becoming grey-brown and rough on large trees, aromatic, slightly bitter. Leaves alternate, pinnately compound, large, 30-60 cm or more in length; leaflets 8-14 or more pairs, long stalked, ovate or broadly lance shaped from very unequal base, 6-10 cm long, 3-5 cm wide, often curved, long pointed, hairy gland; edges coarsely toothed and often lobed. Flower clusters droop at leaf bases, shorter than leaves, much branched; flowers many, mostly male and female on different trees, short stalked, greenish-yellow. Five sepals, 5 narrow petals spreading 6 mm across. Fruit a 1-seeded samara, lance shaped, flat, pointed at ends, 5 cm long, 1 cm wide, copper red, strongly veined, twisted at the base The genus name Ailanthus comes from ailanthos (tree of heaven), the Indonesian name for Ailanthus moluccana. Flowering: January-March

Species name in regional language
Hindi महानिंब, महारुख़
Kannada -
Malayalam Mattipongilyam
Telgu Peddamanu
Tamil பெருமரம் Perumaram; பீமரம் Peemaram
Marathi Maharukh
Krishna Siris
Scientific Name Albizia amara
Family Fabaceae

Krishna Siris, Albizia amara is a mid-sized, deciduous tree. The bark of the tree is grey in color and is grainy and scaly.The leaves consist of up to 15 pairs of side stalks and the leaflets are tiny and can consist of about 15-35 pairs. The flowers are whitish-yellow powder puffs with long stamens and golden pollen.The pods are flat and are about 20 cm long. The leaves thin out during February-March and are renewed in April. The flowers are present throughout May and the fruits ripen during October and November.

Species name in regional language
Hindi कृष्ण सिरिस,ललाई
Kannada Chigare
Malayalam Varacchi
Telgu Narlinga
Tamil அரப்பு Arappu ; உசிலை Usilai; ஊஞ்ச மரம் Oonjamaram
Marathi Lallei
Scientific Name Albizia lebbeck
Family Fabaceae

Albizia lebbeck is a deciduous, perennial legume tree, upto 25 meter in height, with grey fissured corky bark, somewhat flaky, inner bark reddish. It is multi-stemmed when grown in the open but capable of producing a single straight stem when grown in plantations. The gray, cork-like bark is fissured and somewhat flaky. Leaves are Alternate, twice compound, with 2-6 pairs of pinnae, each pinna with 4-12 pairs of leaflets, leaflets elliptic-oblong, 2-4 cm long. Usually asymmetrical at base, dull green above, paler green below. Flowering and seeding occurs in the wet season, and unless the trees have been frequently coppiced, they will produce large amounts of seed every year. Flowers mimosa-like, in showy, rounded clusters near stem tips, 5-6 cm across, cream or yellowish-white, the numerous stamens are about 2 cm long.

Species name in regional language
Hindi ललाई,चिचोला
Kannada Baage
Malayalam Vaka, Nenmenivaka, വാക
Telgu Dirasena
Tamil வாகை Vaagai
Marathi Siris
Black Siris
Scientific Name Albizia odoratissima
Family Fabaceae

a tall deciduous tree, has a greyish-brown, thick bark that is irregularly cracked. The leaves are compound, with even number of leaflets and appear feathery. Flowers are small and white, held in clusters resembling fluffy balls at the ends of branches. fruit is a flat pod which is brown when ripe.

Species name in regional language
Hindi kali siris
Kannada Kadu bage
Malayalam Karinthakara, Kunnivaka, Mellivaka, Nellivaga, Pulivaka
Telgu Chinduga, Ganara
Tamil கருவாகை Karuvaagai
Marathi Kalasiras
White Siris
Scientific Name Albizia procera
Family Fabaceae

White Siris, Albizia procera. Other known common names are Forest Siris, Brown Albizia. And Silver Bark Rain Tree. Albizia procera or White Siris is widely harvested from the wild for its timber and is used in fuel wood plantations or as an ornamental tree. It is fast-growing, has an open canopy, and grows up to 30 m tall. Its bole may be straight or crooked, and can reach up to 60 cm in diameter. Leaves are cooked and eaten as vegetables. White Siris is known for its use in traditional medicine. Further, all of its parts are believed to have an anti-cancer function.

Species name in regional language
Hindi सफ़ेद सिरिस,गुरार, चिचवी
Kannada Bili Baage/Belari
Malayalam konda vagei, velvagai
Telgu Tella chinduga
Tamil வெள்வாகை Velvaagai ; கொண்டைவாகை Kondavaagai
Marathi Kinhai
Devil's Tree
Scientific Name Alstonia scholaris
Family Apocynaceae

The name scholaris has come because in olden times the slates that chidren used were made from the soft wood of this tree. And the name Devil's tree in English and shaitan ka jhad in Hindi have probably come because this tree is shunned by animals because of its poisonous nature.

Species name in regional language
Hindi सप्तपर्णी
Kannada Doddapala
Malayalam Paala,Ezhilampala, എഴിലമ്പാല
Telgu Saptavarnamu
Tamil எழிலைப்பாலை Aezhilaippalai
Marathi Satvin
Custard apple
Scientific Name Annona squamosa
Family Annonaceae

Medium to small deciduous shrub, leaves are thin and alternate on branches. Flowers are inconspicuous, greenish-yellow in colour. Fruits are edible when ripe, have a greenish-grey-black ridges surface, with sweet chalky pulp and numerous seeds

Species name in regional language
Hindi shareefa
Kannada ಸಿತಾಪಾಲ
Malayalam sitapazham
Telgu sitaphalam
Tamil சீதா பழம் Seetha Palam
Marathi sitaphal
Scientific Name Anogeissus latifolia
Family Combretaceae

Axlewood tree, Anogeissus latifolia is a species of small to medium-sized tree native to the India. It is one of the most useful trees in India. Its leaves contain large amounts of gallotannins,and are used in India for tanning. The tree is the source of Indian gum, also known as ghatti gum, which is used for calico printing among other uses. The species name latifolia is in reference to its wider leaves. Trunk is straight and cylindrical or sometimes more poorly shaped, branchless for 8 m, up to 80 cm in diameter. Bark is smooth or with scales, pale to dark gray. Branches are drooping. Leaves are oppositey or nearly- oppositely arranged, simple, entire, with grayish-yellow or whitish hairs below.

Species name in regional language
Hindi धौरा,धौदा
Kannada bejjalu, dindala, dindhlu, dindiga
Malayalam malakanniram, vellanava, mazhkanjiram
Telgu shirimanu, sirimanu, vellama, yelama
Tamil வெக்காளி Vekkali ; வெள்ளை நாகை Vellanaagai
Marathi dhaora, dhamora, dhawda
Scientific Name Anogeissus pendula
Family Combretaceae

A small deciduous tree with silvery bark that gets fissured with age. The leaves are simple. The flowers are greenish-white, very small and occur in clusters at the tips of branches. The fruits are also very small, single seeded (seed is winged) and dry when ripe

Species name in regional language
Hindi Kardhai
Scientific Name Artocarpus heterophyllus
Family Moraceae

This is a large tree that has the largest fruit in the world. It is native to the Western Ghats but is now cultivated inmany others parts of the country

Species name in regional language
Hindi कटहल, कठल
Kannada Halasinahannu, Halasu
Malayalam Plavu പ്ലാവ്
Telgu Panas
Tamil பலா Pala
Marathi Phanas
Grey Mangrove
Scientific Name Avicennia marina
Family Acanthaceae

Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove.Grey mangroves grow as a shrub or tree to a height of three to ten metres, or up to 14 metres in tropical regions.The leaves are thick, five to eight centimetres long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or grey, with very small matted hairs on the surface below. The flowers range from white to a golden yellow color, are less than a cm across, and occur in clusters of 3-5. The fruit contains a large fleshy seed, often germinating on the tree and falling as a seedling.

Species name in regional language
Kannada Ipati
Malayalam Orayi
Telgu Tella mada
Tamil கண்டல் Kandal; வென்கண்டல் Venkandal
Marathi Tavir / Tivar
Scientific Name Azadirachta indica
Family Meliaceae

Neem is a fast-growing tree that can reach a height of 15-20 m, rarely to 35-40 m. It is evergreen, but in severe drought it may shed most or nearly all of its leaves. The branches are wide spread. It blossoms in spring with the small white flowers. It has a straight trunk. Its bark is hard rough and scaly, fissured even in small trees. The color of the bark is brown grayish. The leaves are alternate and consist of several leaflets with serrated edges. Its flowers are small and white in color. The olive like edible fruit is oval, round and thin skinned. The Neem tree is noted for its drought resistance. Normally it thrives in areas with sub-arid to sub-humid conditions. Neem is a life-giving tree. It is one of the very few shade-giving trees that thrive in the drought-prone areas. The trees are not at all delicate about the water quality and thrive on the merest trickle of water, whatever the quality.

Species name in regional language
Hindi नीम
Kannada Bevu
Malayalam Vepu
Telgu Vepa
Tamil வேப்ப மரம், Vaepamaram
Marathi Neem
Powderpuff mangrove
Scientific Name Barringtonia racemosa
Family Lecythidaceae

Powderpuff mangrove, as the name suggests is a small- or medium-sized tree found in mangrove and littoral forests. The tree is evergreen with a brownish or pinkish bark, and branches are often marked with leaf scars. Leaves are obovate in shape, large and glossy and are clustered at branch tips. The flower is large and pinkish in colour, with many stamens arranged in a cluster that gives the flower the appearance of a powder puff. The fruit looks guava-like, but has four fleshy sections. This species is found along the west coast of India and in the Andaman islands

Species name in regional language
Hindi Ijjul
Kannada Kanaginatora
Malayalam Katampu
Telgu Kadapa
Tamil அரட்டம் Arattam
Marathi Nivar
Purple Bauhinia
Scientific Name Bauhinia purpurea
Family Fabaceae

There are many types of Bauhinias and their leaves and flowers look similar. It is relatively easy to tell the Purple bauhinia apart because the petals in its flower do not overlap. The pods of this tree burst open with a loud sound and the seeds get scattered up to 6 m away. The outer covers of the pods become spiral shaped after the seeds are thrown out.

Species name in regional language
Hindi कनियार,केयोलर
Kannada Devakanchan
Malayalam Mandaram
Tamil மந்தாரை Mantharai நீலத்திருவத்தி Neelathiruvathi
Marathi Rakta chandan
Scientific Name Bauhinia racemosa
Family Fabaceae

Bauhinia racemosa, commonly known as the Bidi leaf tree is a rare medicinal species of flowering shrub with religious significance. It is a small crooked tree with drooping branches that grows 3-5 metres tall and flowers between February and May.The leaves are used for making bidis. Small flowers are borne in loose racemes, 5-10 cm long. Flowers are about 1 cm, greenish white. Petal are 5, narrow lancelike, stamens 10. Pods 13 to 25 cms by 1.8-2.5 cms in size, generally curved, swollen, rigid. Seeds 12 to 20, glabrous, dark reddish brown or black, compressed, 8mm long.

Species name in regional language
Hindi झिन्झेरी,आश्ता
Kannada aapta,aralukadumandara
Malayalam arampaali,kutabuli, malayaththi
Telgu tella arecettu
Tamil ஆத்தி Aathi
Marathi apta, sona
Scientific Name Bauhinia retusa
Family Fabaceae

Bauhinia Retusa is beautiful tree is native to Northern India and Nepal. The blooms measure about 1 feet across and are cream in color with dark purple accents. Flowers appear towards the end of summer and throughout fall. It can grow over 20 feet tall, and have roundish leaves shaped like camel hooves. It is semi-deciduous.

Species name in regional language
Hindi सेमला
Kannada goddu yaade
Telgu Goddari
Tamil கதுமுனை ஆத்தி
Marathi Semla kanchan
Red Silk Cotton
Scientific Name Bombax ceiba
Family Bombacaceae

This tree has branches coming out in all directions and has many levels at which these branches come out like the ribs of many umbrellas one on top of the other. The large flowers are pollinated by birds, and after they fall on the forest floor, are eaten with relish by wild animals. The woody fruit bursts open to release hundreds of seeds attached to sliky fibres, that are wafted away in the wind.

Species name in regional language
Hindi सिमल,सेमरा
Kannada Booruga
Malayalam Mulilavu, Poola, മുള്ളിലവ്
Telgu Booruga, Kempuburuga
Tamil முள்ளிலவம் Mullilavam, மலை இலவம் Malai Ilavam
Marathi Shalmali
Toddy Palm
Scientific Name Borassus flabellifer
Family Arecaceae

Toddy palm, Borassus flabellifer is a native - India and Malaysia. Its is as valuable as the coconut to many coastal people. All parts of the tree are used. The palm grows to a height of 20 meters. The trunk diameter can be as much as one meter.The leaf crown is 6 to seven meters tall and wide. Leaves are 2.5 to 3 meters in diameter on a 1.5 to 2 meter long stalk. Trunks are used as building material. The leaves are used for making baskets and mats. Also used for making food, beverage, pollen for bee-keepers. Flower are followed by large 6-8 inch diameter fruit are rounded brown. The fruit is delicious. The new growing embryos and seelings too are a delicacy.

Species name in regional language
Hindi ताड़
Kannada Tale Hannu
Malayalam Karimpaana, കരിമ്പാന
Telgu Thaaticettu
Tamil பனை மரம் Panai maram
Marathi Taad
Indian Frankincense
Scientific Name Boswellia serrata
Family Burseraceae

up to 20 m high, the Indian frankinscence tree is deciduous in the dry season. It's bark is yellowish-white with dark blotches and has papery flakes. The leaves are compound with odd number of leaflets. Flowers are small and white with 5-7 petals. The fruit is a drupe with 3 hard-coated seeds

Species name in regional language
Hindi Shallaki, Salai 
Kannada Madi, Chitta, Dhupada mara
Malayalam Palankam
Telgu సల్లకి Sallaki,
Tamil வெள்ளை குங்கிலியம் Vellai Kungiliyam, பறங்கிச்சாம்பிராணி Par
Chirauli nut
Scientific Name Buchanania cochinchinensis
Family Anacardiaceae

A medium sized tree with a dark colored bark and long leaves that are extremely hairy when young and smooth and shiny when mature. Flowers are small and arranges in terminal branch clusters. Fruits are green when unripe and become purple when ripe. The fruit is edible.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Chaar
Kannada Kole maavu
Malayalam Moongapeezh
Telgu charumamidi
Tamil சாரம் Charam
Marathi Chaar
Flame of the Forest
Scientific Name Butea monosperma
Family Fabaceae

Native to India, Flame of the Forest is a medium sized tree, growing from 20 to 4O feet high, and the trunk is usually crooked and twisted with irregular branches and rough, grey bark. The leaves are pinnate, with an 8-16 cm petiole and three leaflets, each leaflet 10-20 cm long.

Species name in regional language
Hindi पलाश, ढाक
Kannada Muttuga
Malayalam Plasu, Chamatha, പ്ലാസ്‌
Tamil புரசு Purasu
Marathi Palash
Black Dammer
Scientific Name Canarium strictum
Family Burseraceae

Canarium strictum - Black dammar is found in moist deciduous to semi-evergreen forests, in Western ghats, up to the altitude of 1400 meters, grows up to 40 meters tall. Leaves are bipinnate, oppositely arranged and sized 5 inches in length and 2-2.5 inch wide, young leaves are reddish brown it became green when old, the is scaly and thick when get wound a brownish secretion produces which is used to fuming to repel mosquitoes.

Species name in regional language
Hindi धूप
Kannada Nalla rojanamu
Malayalam Pantham, Pantappayan, Thelli, Viraka, Thellippayin
Tamil கருங்குங்கிலியம் Karunkungiliyam
Fish-tail Palm
Scientific Name Caryota urens
Family Arecaceae

Caryota urens is a species of flowering plant in the palm family from the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia where they grow in fields and rainforest clearings.Caryota urens species is a solitary-trunked tree that measure up to 12 m in height and up to 30 cm wide. Widely spaced leaf-scar rings cover its gray trunk which culminate in a 6 m wide, 6 m tall leaf crown. The bipinnate leaves are triangular in shape, bright to deep green, 3.5 m long, and held on 60 cm long petioles. The obdeltoid pinnae are 30 cm long with a pointed edge and a jagged edge.The 3 m long inflorescences emerge at each leaf node, from top to bottom, producing pendent clusters of white, unisexual flowers. The fruit matures to a round, 1 cm drupe, red in color with one seed. Like all Caryotas, the fruit contains oxalic acid, a skin and membrane irritant. As these plants are monocarpic, the completion of the flower and fruiting process results in the death of the tree.

Species name in regional language
Hindi मारि
Kannada Bayne, Bagani
Malayalam Anapana
Telgu Jilugujattu
Tamil கூந்தல்பனை Koonthalpanai; கொண்டல் பனை Kontalpanai; தாளிப்பனை
Marathi Bherli, Berlimad
Mexican oleander, Yellow oleander
Scientific Name Cascabela thevetia
Family Apocynaceae

Phenology may vary depending on geographic location of the tree,sap is toxic to herbivores, this tree is not native to India

Species name in regional language
Hindi Peeli kaner
Malayalam Manja Areli മഞ്ഞ അറളി
Tamil பொன்னரளி Ponnarali, திருவாச்சிப்பூ Thiruvachipoo
Marathi Bitti
Indian Laburnum
Scientific Name Cassia fistula
Family Fabaceae

This is the State flower of Kerala.There are concerns that this flower which plays an important role in the Vishu celebrations (Malayali New Year), may not be available in April. It is called the Kani Poo in Tamil and Malayalam as it flowers only in April, and exactly during the Vishu festival, when this flower is considered to be a must in the decoration.

Species name in regional language
Hindi अमलतास
Kannada Kakke
Malayalam Kanikonna
Telgu Raela
Tamil சரக்கொன்னை Sarakkonnai
Marathi Bahava
Scientific Name Cedrus deodara
Family Pinaceae

Large evergreen conifer, 40-50 m tall with distinct horizontal branches and drooping subbranches. Leaves are needle-like, 2.5-5 cm long, born in clusters of 20-30 on short shoots. Male cones are 4-6 cm long, female cones are barrel-shaped 7-13 cm long and 5-8 cm broad. Winged seeds are released when the female cones mature.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Deodar
White Silk Cotton
Scientific Name Ceiba pentandra
Family Bombacaceae

Ceiba pentandra is a tropical tree.The tree grows to 25 m high.Trunks can often be up to 3 m in diameter above the extensive buttresses.The trees produce several hundred 15 cm pods containing seeds surrounded by a fluffy, yellowish fibre that is a mix of lignin and cellulose.Leaves digitately compound, alternate, gathered towards the apex of branchlets.Flowers bisexual, creamy white, usually in clusters of 3-10, axillary or grouped towards the ends of leafless branchlets.

Species name in regional language
Hindi सफेद सिमल
Kannada Dudi
Malayalam Panjimaram, പന്ജുമരമ്
Telgu Tellaburaga
Tamil இலவம் Ilavam
Marathi Safed Samali
Floss Silk Tree
Scientific Name Ceiba speciosa
Family Bombacaceae

Silk floss tree is an awkwardly branched 30-60 ft (9.1-18.3 m) tree with pale green leaves palmately divided into 5-7 pointed leaflets. The young trees start out growing fast, straight, and narrow, then slowly develop broadly spreading umbrella canopies as they age. The bulbous green trunk is covered with big blunt warty triangular spines and turns gray as the tree gets older. Silk floss trees typically drop their leaves just before they put on their spectacular autumn display of five-petaled flowers. The petals vary from pale pink to rose to purple or burgundy at the tips and grade into ivory with brownish spots or blotches at the base. The flowers are followed by pear shaped capsules filled with many seeds embedded in silky white floss.Silk floss tree, Chorisia speciosa native to Brazil and Argentina, but it is cultivated in many tropical areas.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Resham Rui
Khadi aam
Scientific Name Cerbera odollum
Family Apocynaceae

A species native to India and parts of southern Asia. Grows in coastal salt swamps and marshy areas. It is also grown as a hedge tree. Leaves are terminally crowded, have entire margins, and tapering bases. Flowers are white and oleander-like. Fruits are green, fibrous, look like small mangoes, and toxic.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Khadi aam
Tamil ஒத்தளங்காய் Othallangai ; காட்டு அரளி Kaatu Arali
Scientific Name Champereia manillana
Family Opiliaceae

An evergreen shrub or small tree with glossy leaves, small non-descript green-yellow flowers that are found on inflorescences that rise directly on the tree trunk, and orange-red fruits. This species is native to SE Asia and is found in the Andaman islands.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Meethabhaji
East Indian satinwood
Scientific Name Chloroxylon swietenia
Family Rutaceae

An adaptable tree of dry mixed forests that grows on different soil types. Leaves about 20 cm long, with 20-40 pairs of leaflets that turn striking yellow before falling. Flowers in clusters, white, with 5 spoon-shaped petals and 10 stamens lending them a starry appearance. Fruits a capsule that turns woody brown when dehisces. Bark is flanked with corky tissue which s an adpatation to fires.

Species name in regional language
Tamil பொரசு Porasu
Pomelo tree
Scientific Name Citrus maxima
Family Rutaceae

Species name in regional language
Hindi Chakotara
Kannada Chakota Hannu
Malayalam Pamparamasam, പമ്പരമാസം
Telgu pamparapanasa
Tamil பம்ப்லிமாஸ் Papalimasu
Marathi pappanas
Yellow Silk Cotton
Scientific Name Cochlospermum religiosum
Family Bixaceae

buttercups. The bark is smooth and pale grey, bark 20-25 mm thick, surface dark grey, fibrous; branchlets thick. It is sparsely clothed with leaves and sheds them at the height of the flowering season. Leaves glabrous above, densely brownish tomentose below, the arrangement is alternate distichous, Leaf Base is Chordate. The leaves appear at the tips of the branches leaves simple, palmately 3-5 lobed, alternate, estipulate; petiole 6-20 cm long.The flowers of the Buttercup tree are the most conspicuous part of the tree. Flowers bisexual, buttercup shaped and bright yellow.The fruits are brown and oval shaped. They come in the form of a capsule made up of five segments. The capsule splits open to release the seeds which are embedded in the silky cotton contained within. Fruits like a capsule.The flowering season is between February and April.

Species name in regional language
Hindi गलगल
Kannada Arasina Booruga
Malayalam seemapanjimaram, Chembanji
Telgu Kongu, Kondagoga
Tamil தணுக்கு Thanukku ; காட்டுபருத்தி Kaattuparutti,
Marathi Ganeri, Ganglai
Coconut palm
Scientific Name Cocos nucifera
Family Arecaceae

A large and magestic palm with prominent yellow-orange inflorescence and edible, hard-shelled fruits. The trunk has characteristic transverse ridges (which are old leaf bases)

Species name in regional language
Hindi Naariyal
Kannada ತೆಂಗಿನ ಕಾಯಿ
Telgu Kobbari
Tamil தென்னை Thennai
Marathi naaral
Mountain Coffee
Scientific Name Coffea arabica
Family Rubiaceae

Coffea arabica is a species of Coffea originally indigenous to the forests of the southwestern highlands of Ethiopia. It is also known as the "coffee shrub of Arabia", "mountain coffee", or "arabica coffee". These plants grow between 9 and 12 m tall, and have an open branching system; the leaves are opposite, simple elliptic-ovate to oblong, 6 to 12 cm long and 4-8 cm broad, glossy dark green. The flowers are white, 10-15 mm in diameter and grow in axillary clusters. The seeds are contained in a drupe (commonly called a "cherry") 10-15 mm in diameter, maturing bright red to purple and typically contains two seeds (the coffee beans).

Species name in regional language
Hindi coffee
Kannada coffee
Malayalam kappy
Telgu coffee
Tamil காபி Kapi
Marathi coffee
Robusta Coffee
Scientific Name Coffea robusta
Family Rubiaceae

Coffea canephora commonly known as robusta coffee, is a species of coffee that has its origins in central and western sub-Saharan Africa. The plant has a shallow root system and grows as a robust tree or shrub to about 10 metres. It flowers irregularly, taking about 10-11 months for cherries to ripen, producing oval-shaped beans.

Species name in regional language
Hindi coffee
Kannada coffee
Malayalam kappy
Telgu coffee
Tamil காபி Kapi
Marathi coffee
Pink pearl tree
Scientific Name Cordia dichotoma
Family Boraginaceae

Small deciduous tree with a greyish brown, wrinkled bark. Flowers are borne on short stalks and fruits are yelow or pink whe unripe, turning back when ripe

Species name in regional language
Hindi गुन्दा Gunda, बहूआर Bahuar
Kannada ಚಳ್ಳೆ ಹಣ್ಣು Challe Hannu
Malayalam നറുവേലി Naruveeli, വിരശം Virasam, വിരി Viri
Telgu శ్లేష్మాతకము Slesmatakamu, నెక్కర Nekkara, విరిగి Virigi
Tamil விரிசு Viricu, நறுவல்லி Naru-valli
Marathi गोंधण Gondhan, भोकर Bhokar, गोंदणी Gondani
Large Sebesten, Bairola
Scientific Name Cordia wallichii
Family Boraginaceae

Deciduous trees, to 15 m high, bark brown to brownish-black, corky; branchlets densely pubescent. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 30-50 mm long. Flowers polygamous, creamy white.fruit a drupe, up to 15 mm, yellowish red, with sticky pulp.

Species name in regional language
Hindi लसोड़ा
Kannada Chandle
Malayalam virimaram വിരിമരം, periyaviri
Telgu chinna-nakeru,kichavigiri, nekkara
Tamil பழந்தெக்கு Pazhan Thaekku;
Marathi burgunda
Tanner's Tree
Scientific Name Coriaria nepalensis
Family Coriariaceae

Coriaria nepalensis,Tanner's Tree is a shrub growing in the foot hills of Himalayas. It blooms in spring and has beautiful yellow flowers and red fruits in summer.It is a shrub, 1.5-2.5 metres tall. Flowers are in groups and they are male or female but in the same plant; their color is yellow. It blooms from February to May. Fruits are red to dark purple when mature. They look like berries but they are small nuts (achenes) protected by enlarged and colored petals. Fruits are produced from May to August but they cannot be eaten because their seeds are poisonous.

Species name in regional language
Hindi मसूरिया, गंगारा
Cannonball tree
Scientific Name Couroupita guianensis
Family Lecythidaceae

The Cannonball tree is a large, stately tree with a dark brown bark and glossy simple leaves. The flowers occur on long branches all over the tree trunk, are very large, with 6 leathery petals and extremely fragrant. The arrangement of petals is reminiscent of a multi-headed serpent guarding a shiva-linga, giving the tree the same common name in different Indian languages. The other common name of cannon-ball is due to the extremely large and woody, spherical fruits which take a long time to mature and are thus seen persistent on tree trunks.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Tope-gola
Kannada Lingada Mara
Telgu Naagalingam
Tamil நாகலிங்கம் Naagalingam
Marathi कैलासपती Kailasapati
Garlic-pear tree
Scientific Name Crataeva religiosa
Family Capparaceae

A tree that can grow up to 15 m high, has glossy leaves and a white-spotted bark. Leaves are compound with three leaflets. Large showey flowers have 4 petals (two small and two large) and a profusion of anthers. The fruits are fleshy with a yellow pulp that smells like garlic.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Varuna, Barun
Kannada Nirvaala
Malayalam Neermathalam, Neerval, Mavulangam 
Tamil மாவிலங்கம் Mavilingam
Guh-de, Three-leaf caper tree
Scientific Name Crateva adansonii
Family Capparaceae

Species description: A moderate sized tree that grows near water. Bark is grey and smooth. Leaves trifoliate, and clustered on branch tips. Flowers are whitish or pale-yellow, appear in clusters, and contain several, long stamens that project beyond the petals. Fruit is ovoid or round with a hard rind and contains several kidney-shaped seeds embedded in a yellow pulp.

Species name in regional language
Hindi -
Scientific Name Cupressus torulosa
Family Cupressaceae

Upto 45 m tall, the terminal branchlets of the tree are drooping or irregularly spreading and slender. Leaves are closely arranged, scale-like, 1-1.8 mm long, flat with slightly blunt tips. Seed cones are dark grayish brown, ovoid or nearly spherical. Seeds are ovate-oblong, flattened, 3-5 mm in size.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Raj sallo, dhupee
Scientific Name Dalbergia lanceolaria
Family Fabaceae

Dalbergia lanceolaria is a species of legume in the Fabaceae family native to India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Burma. It is a medium-sized tree. The bark of the tree is traditionally used as an analgesic and anti-diarrhoeal.

Species name in regional language
Hindi टकोली,धमासी
Kannada Bili Beete
Malayalam Vellitti, വെള്ളീട്ടി
Telgu Kondapachari
Tamil வெளங்கு Velangu ; ஏரிகை Erigai
Marathi Dondus
Indian Rosewood
Scientific Name Dalbergia sissoo
Family Fabaceae

Dalbergia sissoo, known commonly as Indian Rosewood, is a slow-growing, hardy deciduous rosewood tree native to the Indian Subcontinent and Southern Iran. D. Sissoo is a large, crooked tree with long, leathery leaves and whitish or pink flowers. It can grow up to a maximum of 25 m in height and 2 to 3 m (6 ft 7 in to 9 ft 10 in) in diameter, but is usually smaller. Trunks are often crooked when grown in the open. Leaves are leathery, alternate, pinnately compound and about 15 cm (5.9 in) long. Flowers are whitish to pink, fragrant, nearly sessile, up to 1.5 cm (0.59 in) long and in dense clusters 5-10 cm (2.0-3.9 in) in length. Pods are oblong, flat, thin, strap-like 4-8 cm (1.6-3.1 in) long, 1 cm (0.39 in) wide and light brown.

Species name in regional language
Hindi शीशम
Kannada Beete
Malayalam Eitti
Telgu Iruguducettu,
Tamil நூக்கம் Nookkam
Marathi Shisav
Scientific Name Delonix regia
Family Fabaceae

This common tree of roadsides and avenues, with its beautiful flowers, is grown all over India, but is a native of the forests of Madagascar.

Species name in regional language
Hindi गुलमोहर
Kannada Kempu torai
Malayalam Gulmohur
Telgu Bhima Sankesula
Tamil மயில்கொன்றை Mayil konrai, நெருப்பு கொன்னை Neruppukonnai
Marathi Gul Mohur
Chinese lantern tree
Scientific Name Dichrostachys cinerea
Family Fabaceae

This is a small tree found in arid parts of India and has thorny branches. Leaves are bipinnately compound. The drooping inflorecence is bicoloured, flowers with pink stamens appear at the base while flowers with yellow stamens appear towards the tip (the scientific name of this tree is derived from this characteristic). The fruits are edible, coiled pods.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Kheri
Kannada Vadavarda gida
Malayalam Vidatthal, Vedathala
Telgu Veltura chettu
Tamil விடத்தலை Vidathalai, விடத்தேர் Vidathaer Maram
Marathi Sigam kati 
Elephant Apple
Scientific Name Dillenia indica
Family Dilleniaceae

Dillenia indica, commonly known as elephant apple is a species of Dillenia.It is an evergreen large shrub or small to medium-sized tree growing to 15 m tall. The leaves are 15 to 36 cm long, with a conspicuously corrugated surface with impressed veins. Its branches are used to make good firewood. The flowers are large, 15 to 20 cm diameter, with five white petals and numerous yellow stamens. Its characteristic round fruits are large, greenish yellow, have many seeds and are edible. The fruit is a 5 to 12 cm diameter aggregate of 15 carpels, each carpel containing five seeds embedded in an edible but fibrous pulp.

Species name in regional language
Hindi चलता, करमबेल
Kannada Bettadakanigala
Malayalam Vazhchpunna, വാഴ്ചപുന്ന
Telgu Peddakalinga,
Tamil உவா மரம் Uva maram
Marathi Karambel
Karkat, Dog Teak
Scientific Name Dillenia pentagyna
Family Dilleniaceae

Dillenia is a genus of about 100 species of flowering plants in the family Dilleniaceae.The leaves are simple and spirally arranged. The flowers are solitary, or in terminal racemes, with five sepals and five petals, numerous stamens, and a cluster of five to 20 carpels; they are superficially similar in appearance to Magnolia flowers.

Species name in regional language
Hindi करमल,सुआरूख़
Kannada kaadu kanigalu
Malayalam pattippunna
Telgu chinna kalinga
Tamil நாய்த்தேக்கு Naythaekku
Marathi piwala karmal
Scientific Name Dipterocarpus retusus
Family Dipterocarpaceae

A lofty, evergreen tree 30-50 m tall, growing on hillsides and along rivers in the eastern Himalayan forests. Bark gray or brown, shallowly flaky. Bole straight, base of the trunk buttressed. Leaves simple, alternate, elliptic to obovate-elliptic. Flowers large, bisexual, sweetly scented. Fruit winged and nut-like at the base.

Species name in regional language
Hindi गरजन
Scientific Name Duabanga grandiflora
Family Lythraceae

Duabanga is a tall deciduous fast growing tree Large tree, scarcely buttressed, able to grow up to about 18 to 30 m tall, sometimes reaching 40 m in its natural habitat. Branches tend to spread out horizontally in all directions and drooping from the trunk. Large green oblong leaves, opposite arrangement, measuring about 12 to15 cm long and 5 to 7 cm wide, petiole about 1.2 cm long, young leaves are reddish pink.Flowers are white 6 petaled flowers borne on a drooping corymb inflorescence from the ends of branches, each flower about 5 - 6 cm wide, unpleasant smell, numerous stamens.Fruit is a subglobose capsule about 2 - 4 cm long and 4 cm wide, turns from green to brownish-orange when ripen, contains many small seeds.

Species name in regional language
Hindi khokhon
Indian Coral
Scientific Name Erythrina indica
Family Fabaceae

A beautiful ornamental tree that is planted in gardens and parks, the flowers of this tree are bright red and striking. A variety of birds are visitors to the coral tree when it is in flower.The flowers appear when the tree is completely bare of leaves.

Species name in regional language
Hindi पंगार
Kannada Halvana, Paarivala
Malayalam Mullumurikku
Telgu Badisa, Badita
Tamil முள்ளு முருங்கை Mullu Murungai
Marathi Pangara
Tiger's Milk Spruce
Scientific Name Falconeria insignis
Family Euphorbiaceae

Small tree 5-10 m tall, deciduous, with horizontal branches exuding poisonous milky latex. Leaves are long, and glossy, with a toothed margin, arranged in clusters at branch ends. Flowers appear when the tree is completely leafless. Unisexual flowers appear in upright spikes at branch tips. Fruits appear in vertical clusters, black when ripe.

Species name in regional language
Hindi खिन्ना Khinna
Kannada ಕುರುಡು ಮರ Kurudu mara
Malayalam കല്‍മരം Kalmaram
Telgu దేవసురూపి Devasuroopi
Tamil சக்கரைகள்ளி Sakkaraikalli
Marathi चिकाडा Chikada
Scientific Name Ficus benghalensis
Family Moraceae

Ficus benghalensis, commonly known as the banyan, banyan fig and Indian banyan is a tree native to the Indian Subcontinent.Banyan trees are one of the largest trees in the world and grow up to 20-25 m with branches spreading up to 100 m. it has a massive trunk that has smooth greyish brown bark and is fluted. They have very powerful roots that can penetrate very hard surfaces like concrete and even stones sometimes. Older banyan trees are characterized by emergence of aerial prop roots that are thin and fibrous when new, but develop into thick branchlike appearance once they are old and firmly rooted onto the soil. These aerial prop roots offer support to the huge canopy of the tree. The banyan tree generally grows around an existing tree for initial support and drives it roots within it. As the banyan tree matures, the mesh of roots exerts tremendous pressure on the support tree, it eventually dies and the remains rot away leaving a hollow central column inside the main tree trunk.

Species name in regional language
Hindi बरगद, बढ़
Kannada Aala
Malayalam Aalamaram
Telgu Marri
Tamil ஆலமரம் Aalamaram
Marathi Vad
Soft fig
Scientific Name Ficus mollis
Family Moraceae

The soft fig is a deciduous tree that can grow up to 15m in height. It has a grey-white, smooth bark. The leaves are simple and have a grey hairy underside. Like all figs, the flowers of this tree are also not visible, as they are hidden inside fleshy 'syconia' present in pairs at the base of leaves. Ripe syconia are hairy and grey in colour.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Kamarup
Kannada Kallatthi, Itti
Malayalam Itchi 
Telgu Juvi
Tamil காட்டரசு Kattarasu
Bedu, Punjab Fig
Scientific Name Ficus palmata
Family Moraceae

Punjab Fig is a deciduous, medium-sized tree with large heart-shaped leaves. Young branches are velvety, becoming hairless as they grow older. Bark is smooth, ash gray. Leaves are alternately arranged with toothed margin, rough upper surface and lighter green, hairy lower surface. It bears one of the tastiest figs in the wild.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Bedu
Country Fig
Scientific Name Ficus racemosa
Family Moraceae

This is a large fig tree, whose fruits are eaten by many birds and mammals. The bark is often pock-marked with dark craters. The flowers are inside the fruits, as in all figs, and so cannot be seen from the outside.

Species name in regional language
Hindi गूलर,दूमर
Kannada Atti mara
Malayalam Atti
Telgu Bodda, Atti
Tamil அத்தி Atthi, வெள்ளை அத்தி Vellaiatthi
Marathi Umber
Scientific Name Ficus religiosa
Family Moraceae

This is a well-known tree across India. It is said that Gautama Buddha became enlightened meditating under one of these trees in Bodh Gaya in Bihar. It is a fig tree, and like all figs, you cannot see the flowers because they are inside the fruits.

Species name in regional language
Hindi पीपल
Kannada arali,
Malayalam Arayal
Telgu bodhi-drumamu
Tamil அரசமரம் Arasamaram
Marathi Pimpal
Garuga, Kharpat
Scientific Name Garuga pinnata
Family Burseraceae

Garuga pinnata is a deciduous tree species from the family Burseraceae.Leaves are pinnate, 6-18 in. long, with 6-10 pairs of leaflets and a lone one at the tip. Leaflets are opposite or nearly so, 3-6 in. long, lance-shaped, with a tapering tip, toothed margin, softly hairy when young, ultimately smooth. Flowers are small, creamy white or yellow, in much branched, velvety pinnacles in leaf axils or at the ends of the branches.

Species name in regional language
Hindi खरपात,केकड़
Kannada aranelli, biligadde, kaashthanelli
Malayalam Kosramba, annakaara,kaattunelli
Telgu garuga, konda vepa
Tamil கருவேம்பு Karuvembu, ஆறுநெல்லி Arunelli
Marathi Kakad
Scientific Name Gliricidia sepium
Family Fabaceae

Gliricidia sepium grows to a height of 2-15 m, has a medium crown and may be single or multistemmed. The bark colour is variable but is mainly greyish-brown, and it can be much fissured. The tree has deep roots when mature. Leaves are alternate and pinnate with (min. 7) 13-21 (max. 25) leaflets, papery, oblong with a distinctive pointed tip. Leaflet size increases towards the distal end of the leaf. At maturity, the upper surface ranges from smooth and hairless to bristly and usually has no tanniniferous patches. The lower surface can also be smooth and hairless or bristly but commonly has purplish tanniniferous patches concentrated toward the centre of the lamina. Flowers arranged on conspicuously short, upward-curving to erect inflorescences, which are usually pink, fading to whitish-brown or pale purple with age. Pods explosively dehiscent, strongly laterally compressed and pale green or reddish-pink when unripe, turning pale yellow-brown when fully ripe.

Species name in regional language
Kannada Gobbarada Mara
Malayalam Seema konna
Telgu Madri
Tamil விவசாயத் தகரை Vivasaya thagarai, சீமை அகத்தி Seemai agathi
Scientific Name Gmelina arborea
Family Verbenaceae

This tree is best known for its wood which is sometimes called white teak.

Species name in regional language
Hindi गम्हड़,ख़मेर,गमारी
Kannada Shivani, Kumbudi
Malayalam Kumbil കുമ്പില്‍, Kumizhu കുമിഴ്
Telgu Gummadi/Peddagumudutekku
Tamil பெருங்குமிழ் Perunkumizhu
Marathi Shewan
Bhasa Balli
Scientific Name Goniothalamus macranthus
Family Annonaceae

A small tree commonly found in evergreen forests of Andaman and Nicoar islands and West Bengal. It has a greyish brown bark and leaves are leathery and oblong. The flowers are fleshy and green in colour and droop from branches. The fruit is long and cylindrical with grooves between seeds.

Species name in regional language
Hindi BhasaBalli
Scientific Name Grewia optiva
Family Tiliaceae

Deciduous tree growing 9-12 m tall with a spreading crown. Branches are silvery-brown, peeling with small woody scales. Leaves oppositely arranged, oval, margin toothed, tip long and pointed, rough and hairy above, velvety on the underside. Leaf base is rounded, slightly asymmetrical. Flowers pale yellow or red inside, petals shorter than sepals. Fruit is dry, 4 lobed, olive green, turning black when ripe.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Bihul
Indian Elm
Scientific Name Holoptelea integrifolia
Family Ulmaceae

This is a very large tree, found across India. The wood is soft and light.

Species name in regional language
Hindi चिलबिल, पपड़ी,चिरहोल
Kannada Thavasai
Malayalam Aaval
Telgu Thapasi, nali
Tamil ஆயா மரம் Aaya Maram, தம்பச்சி Tambachi
Marathi vavala
Scientific Name Jacaranda mimosifolia
Family Bignoniaceae

Jacaranda tree is a nice and striking tree that can grow up to 18 metres at the highest. The tree contains large leaves that are separated into tiny sections and as a whole, it has the shape of a nicely cut branch. The tree normally flowers for a very short period starting from the month of March to May. But some exceptional trees do flower even out of the season. From beginning to end, every tree is wrapped in blue.

Species name in regional language
Hindi नीली गुलमोहर
Tamil ஜக்கரண்டா Jacaranda
Scientific Name Juglans regia
Family Juglandaceae

A Himalayan tree that in forests becomes 25-30 m tall with a clear long trunk and is indigenous at elevations between 1400-3500 m.

Species name in regional language
Hindi अखरोट
Sausage Tree
Scientific Name Kigelia africana
Family Bignoniaceae

Sausage Tree, Kigelia africana is a genus of flowering plants in the family Bignoniaceae.It''s common name is sausage tree.It is a tree growing up to 20 m (66 feet) tall. The bark is grey and smooth at first, peeling on older trees. It can be as thick as 6 mm on a 15-cm branch .The leaves are opposite or in whorls of three, 12 to 20 inches long, pinnate, with six to ten oval leaflets up to eight inches (20 cm) long and 2.25 inches (6 cm) broad. Flowers are produced in panicles they are bell-shaped orange to maroon or purplish green, and about four inches (10 cm )wide.The fruit is a woody berry from 12 to 39 inches long and up to seven inches broad.

Species name in regional language
Hindi झाड़ फ़ानूस
Kannada Sasega, Aanethoradu Kaayi
Malayalam Shiva kundalam ശിവ കൂന്ദളം
Telgu Kijili, Naagamalle
Tamil Mara sorakkai மரச் சுரைக்காய், Yaanai pudukan யானை புடுகண்
Roxburghs Kydia, Pulia
Scientific Name Kydia calycina
Family Malvaceae

Kydia is a tree, growing up to 20 m tall. Leaves 3-12.5 cm long, 4-16.5 cm broad, commonly 7 nerved, truncate-subcordate at base, entire or 3-5 angled, not or slightly denticulate, acute-obtuse, dark green and less hairy above, greyish below.

Species name in regional language
Hindi पुलिया, भरंगा,बरन्गा
Kannada bende,
Malayalam vellachadachi
Telgu bolka, pacha botuku, Potari
Tamil வெண்டைமரம் Vendai maram, பூலா Pula
Marathi ranbhendi
Pyinma tree, Andaman Crape Myrtle
Scientific Name Lagerstroemia hypoleuca
Family Lythraceae

Species description: A large tree with thin whitish bark. Leaves are simple, thinly leathery, pale underneath. Flowers are purple and showy, and borne in long cylindrical panicles on branch tips. Fruit is woody, ovoid, dark brown when ripe, and splits to release small, flat seeds.

Species name in regional language
Hindi -
Pride of India
Scientific Name Lagerstroemia speciosa
Family Lythraceae

This is a very beautiful flowering tree with pink rose-like wrinkled flowers in large clusters. Maharashtra has honoured this tree by making its flower the state flower.

Species name in regional language
Hindi जरुल, जारुल
Kannada Hole dasavala
Malayalam Manimaruthu
Tamil கதலி Kadali, பூமருது Poo Maruthu
Marathi Taman
Indian ash tree
Scientific Name Lannea coromandelica
Family Anacardiaceae

up to 25m high, the Indian ash tree is deciduous in the dry season. It has a rough grey-brown bark, leaves are compound with odd number of leaflets. It exudes a red coloured resin when damaged. Flowers are unisexual, male and female flowers look similar except for the reproductive parts. The fruit is fleshy and eaten by frugivorous birds

Species name in regional language
Hindi Jhingan
Kannada Godda mara, Udi mara, Ajjashringi 
Malayalam Anakkaram, Karasu, Karayam, Karilavu, Konapadanara, Odiyamar
Telgu Appriyada, Gumpena
Tamil ஒதி Oti, உதிய மரம் Uthiyamaram
Scientific Name Lantana camara
Family Verbenaceae

The flower has a tutti frutti smell with a pepper undertone.

Species name in regional language
Hindi राईमुनिया
Kannada Kakke, Natahu
Malayalam Aripoochedi അരിപൂച്ചെടി
Telgu Pulikampa
Tamil உண்ணி செடி Unnichedi
Marathi Tantani
Scientific Name Lawsonia inermis
Family Lythraceae

Small tree or large shrub, with spine-tipped branches and smooth leaves. Flowers are white and fragrant with have red or white-tipped stamens held in pairs at the rim of the calyx tube

Species name in regional language
Hindi Mehendi
Kannada Madarangi
Malayalam Mailanji
Telgu Goeranta
Tamil மருதாணி Marudaani
Marathi Mehndi
Lepisanthes rubiginosa
Scientific Name Lepisanthes rubiginosa
Family Sapindaceae

A small tree or shrub, found in the Andaman Islands and Indo-China region. The leaf is compound, having 3-6 pairs of leaflets which have brown hairs on the upper and underside. Small yellow-white, fragrant flowers are borne on long branched inflorescences. Fruits are fleshy and turn dark purple or black when ripe.

Species name in regional language
Hindi NA
Scientific Name Litchi chinensis
Family Sapindaceae

Large, evergreen tree growing up to 10-30 m tall. Leaves are compound, with 4-8 alternately arranged, lance-shaped, pointed leaflets. Leaflets are smooth, leathery, glossy, dark green above and grayish-green on the underside. Flowers are small, white or yellowish, borne in clusters. Fruits are born in clusters at the end of branches. Lychee fruit is round, pinkish red, with leathery, warty skin and juicy pulp.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Lichi लीची
Marathi Lichi लीची
Scientific Name Macaranga peltata
Family Euphorbiaceae

An easy way to identify the Chandada is to notice that the leaf stalks are attached on the underside of the leaf and not to the base of the leaf as in most other trees.

Species name in regional language
Hindi चाँद कल
Kannada Vattathamarai, Chanda kala
Malayalam Vatta / Uppila
Telgu Boddi
Tamil வட்டக்கன்னி Vattakanni
Marathi Chanda
Scientific Name Madhuca longifolia (var. latifolia)
Family Sapotaceae

In many parts of India this is considered to be a very valuable tree because it gives nutritious food for millions of poor people. The flowers are eaten raw and in a season a large tree can give 300 kg of flowers. The seeds give mahua butter that is used in cooking.

Species name in regional language
Hindi महुआ
Kannada Ippe
Malayalam Ilippa
Telgu Ippa puvvu
Tamil இலுப்பை Iluppai
Marathi Mahua
Lal champa
Scientific Name Magnolia campbellii
Family Magnoliaceae

A large Himalayan tree with spectacular flowers that is found eastwards of Nepal and grows in elevations between 2000-3000 m.

Species name in regional language
Hindi लाल चम्पा
False white teak
Scientific Name Mallotus nudiflorus
Family Euphorbiaceae

Deciduous dioecious trees to 20 m, bark greyish-brown, smooth; blaze creamy yellow; young parts tomentose. Leaves simple, opposite, decussate; stipules inter petiolar, 2-3 x 1 mm, linear lanceolate; petiole 3-12 cm long.

Species name in regional language
Hindi पिण्डालु,नकली काशेर
Kannada kaadugumbala
Malayalam Thavalamaram തവള മരം, Kanji കണ്‍ജി
Telgu eruponuku
Tamil அத்தரசு Atharasu
Marathi petari
Scientific Name Malus domestica
Family Rosaceae

Small tree with a spreading canopy. Leaves are dark green, elliptical with serrate margin and velvety hair on the underside. Flowers are 5-petaled, white above and pink below, appearing in groups of 4-6. Fruit is green when unripe, ripening to a pink-red coloration.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Seb
Mango (all varieties)
Scientific Name Mangifera indica
Family Anacardiaceae

Mangifera indica, commonly known as mango. Mango is the National fruit of India.Mango tree can grow upto almost 120-130 ft in height, with a radius of 33 ft at the top. The root of the mango tree goes down to around 20 ft, in deep soil. The evergreen leaves of the mango tree contain a specific aroma and are almost 15-35 cm in length and 6-16 cm in width.Flowering takes place generally in between January to March. The flowers have 4 or 5 petals and are 5-10 mm in length. The mango flowers are yellow-greenish in colour. The petals have orange stripes on them. The stems of the tree are fat, green in colour and wavy. They can bear numerous retreating side stems. Each of these stems has a lot of little and stalked flowers. The Mango fruit takes 2 to 3 months to get matured and they vary from one tree to another. The normal fruiting period of the Mango tree is from the month of May to July, but one can obtain fruit from them almost every month of the year.

Species name in regional language
Hindi आम
Kannada mavinhannu
Malayalam Maavu മാവ
Telgu Mamidi
Tamil மாமரம் Maamaram
Marathi Amba
Chiku Sapodilla
Scientific Name Manilkara zapota 
Family Sapotaceae

A small, evergreen tree with milky latex in younger branches and in fruit stalks. Flowers are pale yellow, clustered at the apices of branches. Fruits are brown and fleshy with a chalky texture when ripe and are edible

Species name in regional language
Hindi chiku
Kannada ಸಪೋಟ
Telgu Sima Ippacettu
Tamil சப்போட்டா Sappota
Marathi Chiku
Bottle brush
Scientific Name Melaleuca viminalis
Family Myrtaceae

Belongs to the same family as Eucalyptus and Jamun. Phenology may vary depending on geographic location of the tree

Species name in regional language
Hindi Cheel
Scientific Name Melia azedarach
Family Meliaceae

Melia azedarach, commonly known by many names, including chinaberry tree. The adult tree has a rounded crown, and commonly measures 7 to 12 metres tall. The leaves are up to 50 centimetres (20 in) long, alternate, long-petioled, two or three times compound (odd-pinnate) the leaflets are dark green above and lighter green below, with serrate margins. The flowers are small and fragrant, with five pale purple or lilac petals, growing in clusters. The fruit is a drupe, marble-sized, light yellow at maturity, hanging on the tree all winter, and gradually becoming wrinkled and almost white.

Species name in regional language
Hindi बकैन
Kannada Bevu
Malayalam Malaveppu മലവെപ്പ്
Telgu Turka vepa
Tamil மலை வேப்ப மரம் Malaiveppu
Marathi Bakan-nimb
Nag Champa
Scientific Name Mesua ferrea
Family Clusiaceae

Mesua ferrea also known as Nagkesar is a beautiful evergreen tree and has been used in Ayurveda for thousands of years. This is cultivated as an ornamental plant. The tree grows up to 30m in height and the pendulous leaves are 8 to 15 cm long. They are simple, narrow, opposite, black grey to dark green in colour. The branches are glabrous and slender. The flowers are bisexual, white petals with orange stamens. The capsule contains 1 to 2 seeds. It flowers from March to July. The fruits are seen during October to November.

Species name in regional language
Hindi नाग चम्पा
Kannada Naagasampige
Malayalam Veluthapala വേളൂത്ത്‌പാല
Tamil நாகப்பூ Naagapoo
Marathi Thorlachampa
Scientific Name Michelia champaca
Family Magnoliaceae

Magnolia champaca, known in English as champak. It known for its fragrant flowers, and its timber used in woodworking.In its native range Magnolia champaca grows to 50 metres or taller. Its trunk can be up to 1.9 metres in diameter. The tree has a narrow umbelliform crown. It has strongly fragrant flowers in varying shades of cream to yellow-orange, during June to September.

Species name in regional language
Hindi चम्पा, सोन चम्पा
Kannada Sampige
Malayalam Champakam
Telgu Champakamu
Tamil செண்பகம் Chenbagam
Marathi Soan champa
Indian Cork Tree
Scientific Name Millingtonia hortensis
Family Bignoniaceae

Millingtonia hortensis Linn. is cultivated in most parts of India, both in gardens and avenues. Tall and straight, with comparatively few branches, its popularity lies in its ornamental value. It is a fine tree, fast growing, but with brittle wood, liable to be damaged by storms. The ashy bark is cracked and furrowed and the numerous fissures make removal of the cork an easy matter. It is used as an inferior substitute for true cork. From April until the rains and again in November and December, a profusion of silvery-white, delightfully fragrant flowers crown the foliage. Upright open clusters with arching blooms terminate every branchlet. Each flower is a tiny bell-shaped calyx, a long slender tube of palest green dividing into four waxy, white petals and several conspicuous yellow anthered stamens. Many flowers are delicately tinted with rose. Between January and March the leaves are shed and renewed during April and May.

Species name in regional language
Hindi नीम चमेली
Kannada Beratu/Birate mara
Malayalam Katesam
Telgu Kavuki
Tamil மரமல்லிகை Maramalligai, பன்னீர்மரம் Panneer maram
Marathi Kaval nimb,
Scientific Name Mimusops elengi
Family Sapotaceae

The scientific name of this tree comes from its Malayalam name. The wood is extremely hard, the fruits are edible and oil is extracted from the seeds

Species name in regional language
Hindi मौलसरी
Kannada Pokkalathu,Bakul
Malayalam Elengi
Telgu Pogada
Tamil மகிழம் Magizham
Marathi Bakuli
Scientific Name Mitragyna parviflora
Family Rubiaceae

Mitragyna parvifolia is a tree species is native to India and SriLanka. Mitragyna species are used medicinally as well as for their fine timber throughout the areas they grow. It reaches heights of 50 feet with a branch spread of over 15 feet. The stem is erect and branching. Flowers are yellow and grow in ball-shaped clusters. Leaves are a dark green in color, smooth, rounded in shape, and opposite in growth pattern

Species name in regional language
Hindi कैम
Kannada Nayekadambe, Nirakadamba
Malayalam Nir kadambu, Vimbu
Telgu Nir Kadambu
Tamil நீர்க்கடம்பை Neer Kadambai
Marathi Kalamb
Mast Tree
Scientific Name Monoon longifolium
Family Annonaceae

The mast tree is easily recognisable from its conical canopy and is often planted widely along avenues, gardens and residential areas. The leaves are long, with a pointed tip and a wavy margin. The flowers are greenish-white, small and distinctly star-shaped. The fruits are green when unripe and turn black or purple when ripe.

Species name in regional language
Hindi अशोक
Kannada Ashoka
Malayalam Aranamaram അരണമരം , Chorunna
Telgu Asokamu
Tamil நெட்டிலிங்கம் Nettilingam
Marathi Asok, Jasundi
Scientific Name Morinda citrifolia
Family Rubiaceae

This is a small tree with smooth, glossy obovate leaves, with characteristic stipules between leaf petioles. Flowers are white, fragrant and sessile. The fruits are very characteristic, fleshy and green when unripe and yellow when ripe.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Noni
Tamil வெண் நுணா Venn Nuna
Indian Mulberry
Scientific Name Morinda pubescens
Family Rubiaceae

Evergreen small tree growing 5-10 m tall. Stem is crooked with rough, pale brown bark. Leaves opposite, oblong, lancelike, hairy. White flowers occur in round clusters. Each flower has 5 slender, pointy petals. Fruit round, green, looks like soccer ball.

Species name in regional language
Hindi आल Aal
Kannada ಮಡ್ಡಿ ಮರ Maddi Mara
Malayalam മഞ്ഞപ്പാവട്ട Manjappaavatta
Telgu మడ్డి Maddi
Tamil நுணா Nuna
Marathi बारतोंडी Bartondi
Drumstick tree
Scientific Name Moringa oleifera
Family Moringaceae

Phenology may vary depending on geographic location of the tree

Species name in regional language
Hindi Sonjna
Kannada Nugge Kaayi
Malayalam Murungai
Telgu Munaga
Tamil முருங்கை Murungai
Marathi Shevda
Silkworm Mulberry
Scientific Name Morus alba
Family Moraceae

Morus alba, known as white mulberry, is a fast-growing, small to medium-sized mulberry tree which grows to 10 to 20 m tall. the leaves may be up to 30 cm long, and deeply and intricately lobed, with the lobes rounded.The trees are generally deciduous in temperate regions, but trees grown in tropical regions can be evergreen. The flowers are single-sex catkins; male catkins are 2 to 3.5 cm long, and female catkins 1-2 cm long. Male and female flowers are usually on separate trees although they may occur on the same tree. The fruit is 1-2.5 cm long; in the species in the wild it is deep purple, but in many cultivated plants it varies from white to pink; it is sweet but bland, unlike the more intense flavor of the red mulberry and black mulberry. The seeds are widely dispersed in the droppings of birds that eat the fruit.

Species name in regional language
Hindi शहतूत
Kannada reshmaygida
Malayalam Patunoolpuzhuchedi പട്ട്നൂല്പുഴുചെടി
Tamil கம்பளிச் செடி Kambalicheddi, மல்பரி Mulberry
Singapore Cherry
Scientific Name Muntingia calabura
Family Muntingiaceae

Calabura is a rapidly growing, small, evergreen shrub or a tree with a short, broad, spreading crown; it can grow from 3 to 12 metres tall.The leaves are alternate, distichous, oblong or lanceolate, 4 to 15 cm long and 1 to 6 cm wide, with toothed margin and covered in short hairs.The flowers are small (up to 3cm wide), solitary or in inflorescences of 2 to 3 flowers; with 5 lanceolate sepals, hairy; 5 obovate white petals; many stamens with yellow anthers and a smooth ovoid ovary. Fruit, an edible berry, red at maturity, about 1.5 cm wide.

Species name in regional language
Kannada Gasagase hannina mara
Telgu Nakkaraegu
Tamil தேன்பழம் Thaenpalam
Marathi Paanchara
Curry leaf plant
Scientific Name Murraya koenigii
Family Rutaceae

Small tree with fragrant leaves that are used in south Indian cuisine, flowers are small,white and fragrant, fruits are oval and dark purple or black in colour

Species name in regional language
Hindi Kari patta
Kannada ಕರಿಬೇವು
Malayalam Karaepila
Telgu Karepaku, Kari-vepa-chettu
Tamil கறிவேப்பிலை Kariveppilai
Marathi kudianim
Box Myrtle
Scientific Name Myrica esculenta
Family Myricaceae

Kaphal is an evergreen tree found throughout the mid-Himalayas, starting from about 1,300 metres and going up to about 2,100 metres.

Species name in regional language
Hindi काफल
Scientific Name Neolamarckia cadamba
Family Rubiaceae

Large tree with spirally arranged branches that begin at the top. Leaves are large, smooth, glossy, and lens-shaped. Flowers are arranged in round inflorescences that turn yellow-orange when open. Fruits are arranged in pulpy, yellow-orange balls.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Kadamb
Kannada Kaduavalatige
Malayalam Katampu,കതമ്പ്
Telgu Rudrakskamba
Tamil கடம்பு Kadambu
Marathi Kadamb
Scientific Name Nerium oleander
Family Apocynaceae

sap is toxic to herbivores, this tree is probably not native to India

Species name in regional language
Hindi Kaner
Kannada Chandaatha
Malayalam Arali അറളി
Telgu Ganneru
Tamil அரலி Arali
Marathi kaneri
Night Flowering Jasmine
Scientific Name Nyctanthes arbor-tristis
Family Oleaceae

Nyctanthes arbor-tristis is a shrub or a small tree growing to 10 m (33 ft) tall, with flaky grey bark. The leaves are opposite, simple, 6-12 cm long and 2 to 6.5 cm broad, with an entire margin. The flowers are fragrant, with a five- to eight-lobed white corolla with an orange-red centre; they are produced in clusters of two to seven together, with individual flowers opening at dusk and finishing at dawn. The fruit is a flat brown heart-shaped to round capsule 2 cm diameter, with two sections each containing a single seed.

Species name in regional language
Hindi हार सिंगार, पारिजात
Kannada Parijata
Malayalam Parijatakam
Telgu Parijatamu
Tamil பவழ மல்லி Pavazhamalli
Marathi Parijat
Broken Bones Tree
Scientific Name Oroxylum indicum
Family Bignoniaceae

Deciduous medium-sized tree (8-12 m tall). The bark is greyish brown. Compound leaves are 0.5 to 1.5 m long. Flowers are red-purple outside and pinkish-yellow within. Fruits are flat pods 0.33-1 m long, sword-shaped with flat, winged seeds stacked inside.

Species name in regional language
Hindi शल्लक Shallaka
Kannada ಅಲಂಗಿ Alangi
Malayalam വെള്ളപ്പാതിരി Vellappathiri
Telgu మండూకపర్ణము Manduka-parnamu
Tamil சொரிகொன்றை Cori-Konnai
Marathi टेटु Tetu
Badminton-ball Tree
Scientific Name Parkia biglandulosa
Family Mimosaceae

African locust tree is a tall handsome tree, native of W. Africa.Leaves are bipinnate, leaflets 60-100 pairs, small. two glands present at the base of the petiole.Flowers are big globose or obovoid, green heads, peduncles long. Fruit are Pods large and strap-shaped. Flowering and Fruiting time : January to March

Species name in regional language
Hindi चेन्डुल का झाड़
Kannada shivalinga mara
Tamil மாவுகாய் Mavukai
Marathi Chendu phul
Scientific Name Peltophorum pterocarpum
Family Caesalpiniaceae

Peltophorum pterocarpum is commonly known as copperpod, yellow-flamboyant, yellow flametree, yellow poinciana or yellow-flame.It is a deciduous tree growing to 15 to 25 m (rarely up to 50 m) tall, with a trunk diameter of up to 1 m belonging to Family Leguminosae and sub-family Caesalpiniaceaea. The leaves are bipinnate, 30 to 60 cm long, with 16 to 20 pinnae, each pinna with 20 to 40 oval leaflets 8 to 25 mm long and 4 to 10 mm broad. The flowers are yellow, 2.5 to 4 cm diameter, produced in large compound racemes up to 20 cm long. The fruit is a pod 5 to 10 cm long and 2.5 cm broad, red at first, ripening black, and containing one to four seeds. Trees begin to flower after about four years.

Species name in regional language
Hindi peeli gulmohur
Telgu Kondachinta
Tamil பெருங்கொன்றை Perunkonnrai, இயல்வாகை Iyalvaagai
Scientific Name Phoenix sylvestris
Family Arecaceae

Phoenix sylvestris (sylvestris - Latin, of the forest) also known as silver date palm, Indian date, sugar date palm or wild date palm.Phoenix sylvestris ranges from 4 to 15 m in height and 40 cm in diameter; not as large as the Canary Island Date Palm, but nearly so, and resembling it. The leaves are 3 m long, gently recurved, on 1 m petioles with acanthophylls near the base. The leaf crown grows to 10 m wide and 7.5 to 10 m tall containing up to 100 leaves. The inflorescence grows to 1 metre with white, unisexual flowers forming to a large, pendent infructescence. The single-seeded fruit ripens to a purple-red colour.

Species name in regional language
Hindi खजूर
Kannada Kharjura
Malayalam Eenthapana ഈന്തപ്പന
Telgu Pedda Ita
Tamil ஈச்ச மரம் Eechamaram, இனித்தபனை Inithapanai
Marathi Shindi
Scientific Name Phyllanthus emblica
Family Phyllanthaceae

This tree grows wild in forests. The fruit has large quantities of vitamin C, and is famously sour in taste.

Species name in regional language
Hindi आमला
Kannada Nelli / Amalaka
Malayalam Nelli
Telgu Nelliga
Tamil நெல்லி Nelli
Marathi Avla
Himalayan Spruce
Scientific Name Picea smithiana
Family Pinaceae

Large evergreen tree growing 40-55 m tall with a conical crown and pendulous branches. Leaves are needle-like, 3-5 cm long. Cones are 9-16 cm long and 3 cm broad. Mature cones are buff-brown, with stiff, smooth-rounded scales.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Roi
Chir pine
Scientific Name Pinus roxburghii
Family Pinaceae

Chir pines grow straight with round canopy and branched trunk. Leaves are needles in bunches of 3, slender, 25-30 cm long and yellow-green in colour. Male and female cones are separate but can be found on the same tree. Cones are ovoid, 12-24 cm long and 5-8 cm broad. The cones are green when unripe, turning glossy chestnut-brown when ripe.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Chir
Blue pine
Scientific Name Pinus wallichiana
Family Pinaceae

Blue pine gets the name from its blue-green needle leaves. The tree can grow up to 50 m tall, is symmetric and pyramidal in shape. Bark is slaty grey, becoming rough with shallow fissures in older trees. Leaves are 15-20 cm long. Cones are 15-25 cm long in clusters of 2-3.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Kail
Jungle Jalebi
Scientific Name Pithecellobium dulce
Family Mimosaceae

Pithecellobium dulce is a tree that reaches a height of about 10 to 15 m (33 to 49 ft). Its trunk is spiny and its leaves are bipinnate. Each pinna has a single pair of ovate-oblong leaflets that are about 2 to 4 cm (0.79 to 1.57 in) long. The flowers are greenish-white, fragrant, sessile and reach about 12 cm (4.7 in) in length, though appear shorter due to coiling. The flowers produce a pod, which turns pink when ripe and opens to expose an edible pulp. The pulp contains black shiny seeds that are circular and flat. The seed is dispersed via birds that feed on the sweet pulp. The tree is drought resistant and can survive in dry lands from sea level to an elevation of 1,500 m (4,900 ft), making it suitable for cultivation as a street tree.

Species name in regional language
Hindi जंगल जलेबी
Kannada Seeme hunase
Malayalam Manila puli മനില പുളി
Telgu Seema chintakaya
Tamil கொடுக்காப்புளி Kodukkapuli
Marathi Vilayatichinch
Scientific Name Platanus orientalis
Family Patanaceae

Large, spreading, deciduous tree. Leaves alternate, Maple-like with 3, 5 or 7 deep lobes. Bark flakey, occasionally thick and rugged. Flowers and fruits spherical.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Chinar चिनार
Frangipani, temple tree
Scientific Name Plumeria rubra
Family Apocynaceae

sap is toxic to herbivores, this tree is not native to India

Species name in regional language
Hindi Champa
Kannada Devva Kanagale
Malayalam Eezhachempakam ഈഴചെമ്പകം
Telgu Deva Ganneru
Tamil சம்பங்கி Sampangi
Marathi Chafa
Pongam Tree
Scientific Name Pongamia pinnata
Family Fabaceae

The seeds, root, bark, leaves and flowers all have various uses in traditional medicine so this is a valuable tree. A reddish oil extracted from the seeds called karanj oil is used to light lamps or as a lubricant for engines.

Species name in regional language
Hindi करंज,कन्जी
Kannada Honge
Malayalam Ungu
Telgu Pungu
Tamil புங்கம் Pungam
Marathi Karanj
Himalayan poplar
Scientific Name Populus ciliata
Family Salicaceae

A fast-growing deciduous tree with a tall straight bole and large, spreading crown.Bark is dark brown and fissured in old trees. Leaves heart-shaped with toothed margins, and downy, at least along veins. Male and female flowers are produced on separate trees, in drooping catkins, just before or along with leaves. Male flowers are bell-shaped and female flowers are bluntly toothed. Fruit is a capsule, enclosing 100-150 seeds covered in silky hair.

Species name in regional language
Scientific Name Prosopis cineraria
Family Fabaceae

This is a small tree of the arid regions with thorny branches. The leaves are compound, with 8-12 pairs of leaflets. The flowers are small and yellow, held in 6-10 cm long clusters at the end of branches (resembling a bottle-brush). The fruit is a smooth, edible pod

Species name in regional language
Hindi Khejri
Telgu Jammi chettu
Vilaiti Keekar
Scientific Name Prosopis juliflora
Family Fabaceae

Prosopis juliflora is a shrub or small tree.The mesquite tree grows to a height of up to 12 metres (39 ft) and has a trunk with a diameter of up to 1.2 metres (3.9 ft). Its leaves are deciduous, bi-pinnate, light green, compounded with 12 to 20 leaflets. Flowers appear shortly after leaf development. The flowers are in 5 to 10 cm long green-yellow cylindrical spikes, which occur in clusters of 2 to 5 at the ends of branches. Pods are 20 to 30 cm long and contain between 10 and 30 seeds per pod. A mature plant can produce hundreds of thousands of seeds. Seeds remain viable for up to 10 years. The tree reproduces by way of seeds, not vegetatively. Seeds are spread by cattle and other animals that consume the seed pods and spread the seeds in their droppings.

Species name in regional language
Hindi विलायती कीकर
Kannada bellari jali
Malayalam Vanni
Telgu mulla thumma
Tamil வேலிக்கருவை Velikaruvai
Marathi vilayati shami
Apricot tree
Scientific Name Prunus armeniaca
Family Rosaceae

An apricot is a fruit, or the tree that bears the fruit, of several species in the genus Prunus (stone fruits).

Species name in regional language
Hindi खुबानी
Kannada Jardalu
Malayalam Mutta Pazham / Sheema Pazham
Telgu Jardaloo
Tamil பூவரசு
Marathi Jardaloo
Himalayan Cherry
Scientific Name Prunus cerasoides
Family Rosaceae

A Himalayan tree found at elevations between 750-2400 m. Beautiful to look at when in full bloom and the fruit is good to eat when ripe.

Species name in regional language
Hindi पदम
Plum tree
Scientific Name Prunus domestica
Family Rosaceae

Medium-sized tree growing upto 12 m tall.Flowers are white, and borne in clusters around April.Fruit is spherical or oval, varies among cultivars, but it is generally soft and juicy with a flavour ranging from very sweet to sour. It contains a single stony seed

Species name in regional language
Hindi आलू बुखारा
Scientific Name Prunus nepalensis
Family Rosaceae

Medium sized tree with greyish or dark brown bark and elongated, leaves with very minute serrations on the margins. Flowers are small and have non descript white petals. The fruits are purple-black and fleshy when ripe and are used in a number of culinary preparations in and around the Khasi Hills of Meghalaya.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Sohiong
Peach tree
Scientific Name Prunus persica
Family Rosaceae

Small tree upto 10 m tall.Flowers are pink, solitary or paired, and have five petals. They are borne in early spring before fresh leaves emerge.Fruits are drupes, have yellowish flesh, and a velvety skin. Each contains a single large red-brown seed that is surrounded by a woody husk.

Species name in regional language
Hindi आढू
Guava tree
Scientific Name Psidium guajava
Family Myrtaceae

Small evergreen tree.Flowers are white, borne singly or in small clusters in leaf axils, and have 4-5 petals. They also have a prominent tuft of white stames supporting pale anthers.Bark is smooth, thin, copper-colored and flakes off, showing the greenish layer beneath.Fruit is round, ovoid, or pear-shaped, has light green skin, and studded with several tiny seeds in the flesh

Species name in regional language
Hindi अमरूद
Kannada Seebe Hannu
Malayalam Peraka
Tamil கொய்யா Koiya
Indian kino
Scientific Name Pterocarpus marsupium
Family Fabaceae

A tree of hilly country, it is found in deciduous forests. One of the largest trees with splayed branches, make it easier to spot even in silhouette. Leaves have 5 to 7 smooth leaflets with wavy margins. Flowers appear after rains, 5-petalled, pea-shaped and have a crinky texture. Fruit disk-shaped, papery with a single seed at the centre.

Species name in regional language
Tamil வேங்கை Vengai
Kanak Champa
Scientific Name Pterospermum acerifolium
Family Malvaceae

Pterospermum acerifolium is commonly referred to as Kanak Champa, Muchakunda or Karnikar Tree within its native range.It is a relatively a large tree, growing up to thirty meters tall. The large flowers are unique in shape and have an exotic fragrance. the grounded flower petals cure chronic headache. The outer sepal is of jack color and the inner cepal is of yellow color. The flower is funnel shaped and white. The whole flower gives the look of a designer garment. Huge leaves used as plates in India, where it is grown for shade and for valuable timber similar to oak and teak.

Species name in regional language
Hindi कनक चम्पा, मचकुंद
Kannada Kanakachampaka
Malayalam Cherukonna ചെറുകൊന്ന
Telgu Matsakanda
Tamil வெண்ணங்கு Vennangu
Marathi Karnikar
Scientific Name Punica granatum
Family Lythraceae

The pomegranate, botanical name Punica granatum, is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree.A shrub or small tree growing 6 to 10 m high. P. granatum leaves are opposite or subopposite, glossy, narrow oblong, entire, 3 to 7 cm long and 2 cm broad. The flowers are bright red and 3 cm in diameter, with three to seven petals. Some fruitless varieties are grown for the flowers alone.The edible fruit is a berry, intermediate in size between a lemon and a grapefruit, 5 to 12 cm in diameter with a rounded shape and thick, reddish skin.

Species name in regional language
Hindi अनार
Kannada Dalimbre
Malayalam Mathalampazham മാതളപഴം'
Telgu Dalimba
Tamil மாதுளை Madulai
Marathi Dalimb
Himalayan Pear
Scientific Name Pyrus pashia
Family Rosaceae

Himalayan Pear is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree. Leaves are broadly oval, shiny, with a toothed margin and long pointy tip. Young leaves are white wooly. Flowers have 5 white petals with darker veins. Fruit is round, turning dark brown when ripe with raised pores.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Kainth
Pear tree
Scientific Name Pyrus pyrifolia
Family Rosaceae

Small to medium-sized tree; upto 12 m tall with a round crown. Flowers are white, with five petals, and borne in clusters during early spring.

Species name in regional language
Hindi नाशपाती
Kannada Marasebu
Malayalam Sabarjil
Telgu Berikaya
Tamil பெரிக்கா Berikkai
Mohru Oak
Scientific Name Quercus floribunda
Family Fagaceae

Evergreen tree growing up to 20 m tall. Leaves are broad, oval, leathery, with an entire or spiny toothed margin, with 9-12 pairs of veins which are forked at the leaf edge. Male flowers are borne in loose, cat’s tail-like inflorescence, up to 5 cm long. Female flowers are small, reddish, borne at leaf bases. Fruit is an acorn, ovoid, brownish, with a protruding tip.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Moru
Grey Oak
Scientific Name Quercus leucotrichophora
Family Fagaceae

It is a tree having young shoots tomentose beneath, nerves straight, cuspidate serrate, scales of acorn imbricate. It is found at an altitude of 1200-2400m.

Species name in regional language
Hindi बांझ
Kharsu Oak
Scientific Name Quercus semecarpifolia
Family Fagaceae

Brown Oak or Kharsu Oak can grow up to 20 m tall, sometimes shrubby. Young parts of the plant are wooly. Leaves are long ovals, leathery, hairless above and rusty wooly on the underside. Male inflorescence is 4-8 cm long, wooly, flowers arranged densely. Female flowers are cup-shaped, velvety. Nut is spherical, dark brown when mature.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Kharsu
Kannada -
Malayalam -
Telgu -
Tamil -
Marathi -
Himalayan Rhododendron
Scientific Name Rhododendron arboreum
Family Ericaceae

This small evergreen tree is widely distributed across the Himalayas, and is one of the most famous species of rhododendron.

Species name in regional language
Hindi बुरांश,लाल बुरांश
Nilgiri Rhododendron
Scientific Name Rhododendron nilagiricum
Family Ericaceae

Rhododendron arboreum, the tree rhododendron also known as burans or gurans, is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a showy display of bright red flowers.Its name means "tending to be woody or growing in a tree-like form". It has been recorded as reaching heights of up to 20 m. In early- and mid-spring, trusses of 15-20 bell-shaped flowers, 5 cm (2 in) wide and 3-5 cm (1.25 to 2 in) long are produced in red, pink or white. They have black nectar pouches and black spots inside.

Species name in regional language
Malayalam Alanchi
Tamil மலைப்பூவரசு Malai Poovarasu
Marathi Dipmal
Wild rose or Webbs rose
Scientific Name Rosa webbiana
Family Rosaceae

A common shrub rose, 1-2 m high, with straight yellow prickles just below leaves, and seen growing between 1500 to 4000 m asl. Leaflets 5-9, obovate. Flowers solitary, usually pink, with 5 petals and sepals. Fruit red and bottle-shaped.

Species name in regional language
White willow
Scientific Name Salix alba
Family Salicaceae

Medium sized tree, deciduous tree, often with a leaning crown. Bark heavily fissured, especially in older trees. Leaves narrow and covered in silky white hair, more so on the underside. Flowers are borne in early spring on catkins, and are insect-pollinated. Fruits contain minute seeds embedded in down and get dispersed by wind.

Species name in regional language
Rain tree
Scientific Name Samanea saman
Family Fabaceae

The Rain Tree is a native of Central America and the West Indies, but it is widely cultivated throughout the tropics. It was introduced into India from Jamaica.

Species name in regional language
Hindi गुलाबी सिरिस, विलायती सिरिस,
Malayalam Mazhamaram
Telgu Dorisena
Tamil சீமைவாகை Seemaivaagai, தூங்குமூஞ்சி மரம்Thoongumoonji maram 
Marathi Vilaiti Siris
Scientific Name Santalum album
Family Santalaceae

Santalum album or Indian sandalwood is a small tropical tree, and is the most commonly known source of sandalwood.The height of the evergreen tree is between 4 and 9 metres. It normally grows in sandy or stony red soils, but a wide range of soil types are inhabited. This habitat has a temperature range from 0 to 38 degree Celsius and annual rainfall between 500 and 3000 mm. S. album can grow up to 30 feet vertically. It should be planted in good sunlight and does not require a lot of water. The tree starts to flower after 7 years. When the tree is still young the flowers are white and with age they turn red or orange. The trunk of the tree starts to develop its fragrance after about 10 years of growth. The tree is parasitic so it gathers nutrients from its surrounding environment.

Species name in regional language
Hindi चंदन
Kannada Gandhada mara
Malayalam Chandanam
Telgu Bhadrasri
Tamil சந்தனம் Sandanam
Marathi Chandan
True Ashoka
Scientific Name Saraca asoca
Family Fabaceae

This evergreen tree is rated by some as one of India's most beautiful trees, with the orange-red flowers in bunches among the dense, dark leaves. It is said that Buddha was born under an Ashoka tree, so this tree is sacred to the Buddhists. Hindus also have many sacred associations with this tree.

Species name in regional language
Hindi सीता अशोक
Kannada Ashoka
Malayalam Ashokam
Telgu Ashokamu
Tamil அசோகம் Asogam
Marathi Ashoka
Oriental cashew
Scientific Name Semecarpus anacardium
Family Anacardiaceae

A medium to large sized tree, with a pale brown bark and very large leaves. Flowers are pale yellow and held in terminal panicles. Fruits are green when unripe and become black when ripe and rests on top of a fleshy yellow receptacle.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Bhilma
Kannada Bhallataka, Geru
Malayalam Thenkotta, Alakkucher
Telgu Bhallatamu
Tamil சேராங்கொட்டைCherankottai ; சேங்கொட்டை Senkottai
Marathi Bibba
Scientific Name Shorea robusta
Family Dipterocarpaceae

This tree is native to the Indian subcontinent.The sal tree is a hardwood timber tree, up to 30-35 m tall. The crown is spreading and spherical. Leaves are 20 cm long, simple, shiny and glabrous, delicate green, broadly oval at the base. Fruits are 1-1.5 cm large and ovoid.Sal seeds have various uses. They may be ground into a flour to make bread.

Species name in regional language
Hindi साल
Kannada ashvakarna, asina, asu, bile-bhogimara
Malayalam Maramaram
Telgu Gugal
Tamil attam, venkungiliyam, kungiliyam
Marathi Ral
African Tulip
Scientific Name Spathodea campanulata
Family Bignoniaceae

Spathodeais commonly known as the African tuliptree is a flowering plant .The tree grows between 7-25 m tall.This tree is planted extensively as an ornamental tree throughout the tropics and is much appreciated for its very showy reddish-orange or crimson (rarely yellow), campanulate flowers.The flower bud is ampule-shaped and contains water. These buds are often used by children who play with its ability to squirt the water. The sap sometimes stains yellow on fingers and clothes. The open flowers are cup-shaped and hold rain and dew, making them attractive to many species of birds.

Species name in regional language
Hindi रगतूरा
Kannada lujjekaye, neerukayi mara
Telgu Patade
Tamil Patadi
Marathi Pichkari,akash sevga
Wild Almond
Scientific Name Sterculia foetida
Family Malvaceae

Wild Almond Tree is a soft wooded tree that can grow up to 115 feet tall. The origin of the name of the bad-smelling Sterculia genus comes from the Roman god, Sterquilinus, who was the god of fertilizer or manure. The grey bark of the tree is brown-spotted and slightly wavy and also very smooth. Sometimes in the year, the pieces of bark get loosen and also fall.The leaves are placed at the end of branchlets; they have 12.5–23-cm-long petioles; the blades are palmately compound, containing 7-9 leaflets.The flowers are arranged in panicles, 10–15 cm long. The Wild Almond is a tall, straight and noble tree which takes a magnificent look when in the month of March and April; the leafage is at its fullest. Because of an extraordinary height of about 36m, this tree is calculated as one of the giant trees in India.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Jungli Badam
Kannada Bhatala penari
Malayalam Potakavalam
Telgu Manjiponaku
Tamil பீநாரி Peenari
Marathi Jangli Badam
Ghost Tree
Scientific Name Sterculia urens
Family Malvaceae

Sterculia urens is a species of plant in the family Malvaceae. It is native to India and has been introduced into Burma.Most of the trees in genus Sterculia have an erect, handsome trunk and the leaf shape and size vary from species to species. The flowers too differ in size, color and smell. From dull khaki green to bright yellow-orange and red-magenta blossoms when in bloom, look like tiny orchids.

Species name in regional language
Hindi कुलु
Kannada Kempudale
Malayalam Annanvazhukki അന്നാന്‍വഴുക്കി
Telgu Tapasi chettu
Tamil செந்தணுக்கு Senthanuku
Marathi Gudalo
Scientific Name Syzygium cumini
Family Myrtaceae

The delicious fruits of this tree stain your mouth black. The leaves, bark and seeds are used in traditional medicine; and the wood is used extensively in construction.

Species name in regional language
Hindi जामुन
Kannada Nerle, Jam Nerle
Malayalam Njaval
Telgu Neereedu
Tamil நாவல் Naval
Marathi Jamun
Caribbean Trumpet Tree
Scientific Name Tabebuia aurea
Family Bignoniaceae

It is a popular ornamental tree in subtropical and tropical regions, grown for its spectacular flower display on leafless shoots at the end of the dry season.

Species name in regional language
Pink Poui, Rosy Trumpet Tree
Scientific Name Tabebuia rosea
Family Bignoniaceae

A common exotic avenue tree in Indian cities, it is planted for its lovely rosy blooms during spring. The tree reaches 25-30 m in height. Leaves are palmate, with 5 unequal leaflets. Flowers are rosy, trumpet-shaped, and with a yellow center. Fruits are long and slender capsules that breaks open to release winged seeds.

Species name in regional language
Tamil Pathri
Scientific Name Tabernaemontana crispa
Family Apocynaceae

This is a species very similar looking to the crepe jasmine plant and is endemic to India. Leaves are glossy with prominent venation. Flowers are white and appear in clusters at branch-tips. The flowers are pinwheel-like, but petals are narrower than those of crepe jasmine flower. The plant exudes white sap when injured. Fruits are two-chambered capsules.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Croaya
Crepe Jasmine
Scientific Name Tabernaemontana divaricata
Family Apocynaceae

Small tree. The bark is rough and pale bark. Leaves are lens-shaped and shiny. The flowers are white with 5 petals. Fruits, if formed, are in pairs, shaped like a mustache. Unripe fruits are green, turning yellowish on ripening. They dehisce from one slit revealing yellow inside and bright red seeds. Phenology may vary depending on the geographic location of the tree.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Chandni चाँदनी
Kannada Nandi Battalu 
Malayalam Nandiar vattai നന്ദിയാര്‍വട്ട
Tamil நந்தியார் வட்டை Nandiar vattai
Marathi Tagar
Scientific Name Tamarindus indica
Family Fabaceae

This large tree with very small but dense leaves is believed to have come to India from East Africa many centuries ago. Today it is cultivated all over the warm parts of our country and appears like a local Indian tree.

Species name in regional language
Hindi इमली
Kannada Hunse
Malayalam Puli
Telgu Chintachettu
Tamil புளி Puli
Marathi Chincha
English Yew
Scientific Name Taxus baccata
Family Taxaceae

Evergreen, dioecious cone-bearing tree. It can grow 30-60 feet (10-20 m) tall. The tree canopy is often pyramid shaped. Bark is brown, thin and scaly. Leaves are flat, appearing to be arranged in 2 ranks, 0.4-1.6 inches long and 2-3 mm broad, dark green in colour. Male cones or pollen cones are globose, 3-6 mm in diameter. Female cones or seed cones are bright red, 8-15 mm in diameter. Seeds are dispersed by birds.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Thuner
Scientific Name Tecomella undulata
Family Bignoniaceae

A decidusous tree, Roheda has slender leaves with wavy margins. The flowers are large, trumpet-shaped, yellow, orange or red coloured, and showey. The fruits are long capsules that have winged seeds when ripe.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Roheda
Marathi Raktarohida
Scientific Name Tectona grandis
Family Verbenaceae

The large tree is world famous for its beautiful, strong, durable wood.

Species name in regional language
Hindi सगुन,सागोन
Kannada Saaguvani
Malayalam Thekku
Telgu Advaiteeku, Teeku
Tamil தேக்கு Thaeku
Marathi Sagvan
Scientific Name Terminalia arjuna
Family Combretaceae

Terminalia arjuna is a commonly known as arjun tree in English.The arjuna is about 20–25 metres tall; usually has a buttressed trunk, and forms a wide canopy at the crown, from which branches drop downwards. It has oblong, conical leaves which are green on the top and brown below; smooth, grey bark; it has pale yellow flowers which appear between March and June; its glabrous, 2.5 to 5 cm fibrous woody fruit, divided into five wings, appears between September and November.

Species name in regional language
Hindi अर्जुन,कहूआ
Kannada Holematti
Malayalam Nirmarutu
Telgu Thella maddi
Tamil நீர்மருது Neermaruthu, வெள்ளமருது Vellamaruthu
Marathi Arjun
Scientific Name Terminalia bellirica
Family Combretaceae

Terminalia bellirica, known as "Bahera" or Beleric or bastard myrobalan, is a large deciduous tree common on plains and lower hills in Southeast Asia, where it is also grown as an avenue tree. The leaves are about 15 cm long and crowded toward the ends of the branches. It is considered a good fodder for cattle.Flowers arise in spikes in leaf axils, 5-15 cm long. Flowers are greenish yellow, 5-6 mm across, stalklesse, upper flowers of the spike are male, lower flowers are bisexual. Stamens are 3-4 mm long. Fruit is obovoid 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter, covered with minute pale pubescence, stone very thick, indistinctly 5 angled

Species name in regional language
Hindi बहेड़ा
Kannada Santi, Thani, Thare
Malayalam Thani
Telgu Tadi
Tamil தானி Thaanii, தான்றி Thaandri
Marathi Beheda
Indian Almond
Scientific Name Terminalia catappa
Family Combretaceae

Terminalia catappa is a large tropical tree in the leadwood tree family, Combretaceae, that grows mainly in the tropical regions of Asia, Africa, and Australia.It is known by the English common names country-almond, Indian-almond, Malabar-almond, sea-almond, tropical-almond and false kamani.The tree grows to 35 m (115 ft) tall, with an upright, symmetrical crown and horizontal branches. Terminalia catappa has corky, light fruit that are dispersed by water. The seed within the fruit is edible when fully ripe, tasting almost like almond. As the tree gets older, its crown becomes more flattened to form a spreading, vase shape. Its branches are distinctively arranged in tiers. The leaves are large, 15–25 cm long and 10–14 cm broad, ovoid, glossy dark green, and leathery. They are dry-season deciduous; before falling, they turn pinkish-reddish or yellow-brown, due to pigments such as violaxanthin, lutein, and zeaxanthin.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Desi Badam
Kannada Badami,Taree
Malayalam Adamarrum
Telgu Badamachettu
Tamil நாட்டுவாதாம் Naattu vaadham
Marathi Desi Badam
Black myrobalan
Scientific Name Terminalia chebula
Family Combretaceae

A medium sized tree with a spreading canopy and dark brown, vertically furrowed bark. Leaves are simple, flowers are small and pale yellow, held in terminal spikes. Fruits are are green when unripe and turn red to black when ripe.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Harra
Kannada Arale
Malayalam Kadukka
Telgu karaka
Tamil கடுக்காய் Kadukkai
Marathi Hirda
Flowering murdah
Scientific Name Terminalia paniculata
Family Combretaceae

A large deciduous tree from drier parts of peninsular India, the flowering murdah is easily recognisable from its fissured, rough, dark-brown bark, and reddish-brown, dry, winged fruits that are clustered in panicles on branch-ends. The flowers, like many other species of this genus, are small and fragrant, also appearing in panicles on branch-tips.

Species name in regional language
Hindi Kindal
Tamil பிள்ளமருது Pillamarudu, பூமருது Pumarudu
Indian Laurel
Scientific Name Terminalia tomentosa
Family Combretaceae

Terminalia elliptica is a species of Terminalia native to southern and southeast Asia in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam.t is a tree growing to 30 m tall, with a trunk diameter of 1 m. The fruit is ovoid, 3 cm long, with five wings not extending beyond the fruit apex.The bark is fire-resistant. The wood is coarse, fairly straight grained, dull to somewhat lustrous and without any smell or taste.

Species name in regional language
Hindi आसन, साज़
Kannada Karimatti
Malayalam Matthi മത്തി
Telgu Nalla Maddi
Tamil கருமருது Karumarudu
Marathi Ain, asann
Indian tulip tree
Scientific Name Thespesia populnea
Family Malvaceae

Medium sized tree with umbrella-shaped crown. maximum up to 10-12 meters.Flowers are about 8 cm long, bell shaped, singly or in pairs, 5 lemon-yellow, crinkly, overlapping petals with a deep maroon centre, fading to pink.Bark is dark brown, rough and deeply cracked and fissured. Fruits are a singly flattened sphere with a pointy apex, about 4 cm wide; greet at first, turning black.Leaves almost triangular with a broad base, upto 15 cm long.Flowers in the cold season, also throughout the year.Shed many leaves in February in less moist areas although evergreen in most areas.

Species name in regional language
Hindi भेंडी
Kannada Arasi, Huvarasi
Malayalam Pooparutthi പൂപരുത്തി
Telgu Gangaravi
Tamil பூவரசு Puvarasu
Marathi Aas
Indian Mahogany
Scientific Name Toona ciliata
Family Meliaceae

Toona ciliata is a forest tree in the mahogany family which grows throughout southern Asia from Afghanistan to Papua New Guinea and Australia.The species can grow to around 60 m in height and its trunk can reach 3 m in girth.The flowers yield a reddish or yellowish dye, which has been used in tropical Asia to colour silk. The bark may be used for tanning leather, and has been traditionally used to make twine and string bags.

Species name in regional language
Hindi तून
Kannada Kempu gandagiri
Malayalam Mathagiri മാത്ഗിരി
Telgu Nandivrikshamu
Tamil சந்தனவேம்பு Santhana vembu
Marathi Tunna
Indian Charcoal Tree
Scientific Name Trema orientale
Family Cannabaceae

This is a medium sized deciduous tree found distributed across dry and moist forests, and sometimes even in rural and urban areas. It is easily recognizable through its alternately arranges, toothed-margin, hairy leaves. Male and female flowers occur separately in this species and are small, borne on leaf axils in clusters. Fruits are green when unripe and black when ripe

Species name in regional language
Hindi Jivanti
Kannada Gurklu
Malayalam അമരാത്തി Amaraaththi, ആമത്താളി Aamaththaali
Telgu బొగ్గు చెట్టు Boggu Chettu, చారపప్పుచెట్టు Charapappuchettu
Tamil Amparuthi, Amathalai
Marathi घोळ Gol, कापशी Kapshi
Five-leaved vitex
Scientific Name Vitex negundo
Family Lamiaceae

A large aromatic shrub which has hairy leaves with serrated margins, that are arranged in groups of five (like a peacock's foot). Flowers are small, lilac in colour and are arranged in tall, conical panicles. The fruit is purple-black and fleshy when ripe

Species name in regional language
Hindi Nirgundi
Kannada ಲಕ್ಕಿ ಗಿಡ
Malayalam Vennocchi, nocchi
Telgu Sinduvaaramu, Vaavili
Tamil நொச்சி Nocchi
Dyers oleander
Scientific Name Wrightia tinctoria
Family Apocynaceae

Medium to small deciduous shrub that sheds leaved during the cold dry season and exudes milky latex when bark or leaf is damaged. Has prominant, fragrant, 5-petalled white flowers with a corona of lacy threads and stamens form a cone. Fruits are twin follicles that split lengthwise to release tufted seeds

Species name in regional language
Hindi oodhi
Kannada Ajamara
Malayalam Nilapaala
Telgu ankuduchettu, chitianikudu, kondajemudu
Tamil வெட்பாலை Vaetpaalai ; இரும்பாலை Irumpaalai ; பாலை Paalai
Marathi kaala kuda
Indian prickly ash
Scientific Name Zanthoxylum rhetsa
Family Rutaceae

A small, deciduous tree most easily recognizable by the prickly, bumpy appearance of the bark. This tree has large compound leaves with as many as 23 leaflets. Flowers occur in inflorescences usually located at branch tips and are greenish-yellow in colour. Fruits are follicles that are reddish when ripe and rupture to release smooth, black seeds.

Species name in regional language
Hindi NA
Kannada Arempala
Malayalam Kothumurikku
Scientific Name Ziziphus mauritiana
Family Rhamnaceae

Ziziphus mauritiana, also known as Chinese date,ber, Chinee/Chinkee apple, jujube, Indian plum, is a tropical fruit tree species belonging to the family Rhamnaceae.Ziziphus mauritiana is a spiny, evergreen shrub or small tree up to 15 m high, with trunk 40 cm or more in diameter; spreading crown; stipular spines and many drooping branches. The fruit is of variable shape and size. It can be oval, obovate, oblong or round, and can be 2.5-6.25 cm long, depending on the variety. The flesh is white and crisp. When slightly underipe, this fruit is a bit juicy and has a pleasant aroma. The fruit's skin is smooth, glossy, thin but tight.

Species name in regional language
Hindi बेर
Kannada Yelchi
Malayalam Elentha
Telgu Reegu
Tamil இலந்தை Ilanthai
Marathi Bor